Wednesday, 26 July 2017


IAS Syllabus of UPSC Civil Services IAS Examination 2018

The Syllabus of UPSC Civil Services IAS Prelims Examination (CSAT) 2018:
I. UPSC Civil Services IAS Prelims – Topics in Paper I – General Studies:
  1. Current Affairs: Events occurring in the National as well as in the World.
  2. Indian History & National Movement of India.
  3. Geography: India & the World; Physical, Economic & Social Geography of India as well the World.
  4. Polity of India & Indian Governance: Constitution, Panchayat Raj, Public Policy, Political System, Rights Issue, etc…..,
  5. Economic Development & Social Development: Sustainable Development, Social Sector Initiatives, Demography of the Nation, Poverty, Inclusion.
  6. General Issues on Bio-Diversity, Environmental Ecology and Change in the Climate (these do not require any specialization).
  7. General Science.
II. UPSC Civil Services IAS Prelims – Topics in Paper I – Aptitude:
  1. Interpersonal Skills which include Communication Skills.
  2. Analytical Ability & Logical Reasoning.
  3. Decision-Making & Problem-Solving.
  4. General Mental Ability.
  5. Basic Numeracy (numbers as well as their relations, orders of magnitude, etc…..,) & Data Interpretation ( Tables, Graphs, Charts, Data Sufficiency, etc…..,). Note: Basic Numeracy & Data Interpretation based on Level of Class X.
  6. English Language – Comprehension Skills ( Based on Level of Class X)
Note: The Paper II – Aptitude has a negative Marking of 33%.    
The Syllabus of the UPSC Civil Services IAS Mains Examination 2018:
The UPSC Civil Services IAS Mains examination consists of papers. They are as follows:
  1. Paper-A: Modern Indian Language. (Qualifying Paper).
  2. Paper-B: English (Qualifying Paper).
  3. Paper-I: Essay.
  4. Paper-II: General studies-I.
  5. Paper-III: General studies-II.
  6. Paper-IV: General studies-III.
  7. Paper-V: General studies-IV.
  8. Paper-VI: Optional Subject (Paper-1).
  9. Paper-VII: Optional Subject (Paper-2).
I. UPSC Civil Services IAS Mains – Topics in Paper A – Modern Indian Language (Qualifying Paper):
  1. Comprehensive questions on given Passages.
  2. Precise Writing. (Making a Summary).
  3. Usage as well as vocabulary.
  4. Short Essay.
  5. Translation from English to the Indian Language & conversely.
Note: Modern Indian Language will be as the languages in the 8th Schedule of the Indian Constitution.
II. UPSC Civil Services Mains – Topics in Paper B – English (Qualifying Paper):
  1. Comprehensive questions on given Passages.
  2. Precise Writing. (Making a Summary).
  3. Usage as well as vocabulary.
  4. Short Essay.
 III. UPSC Civil Service IAS Mains – Topics in Paper I – Essay:
The candidates have to write an essay on any of the topics given. They are required to write the essay in the language of the choice of the candidate. The candidates have to be close to the subject of the essay and arrange the ideas in orderly fashion and write in brief.
IV. UPSC Civil Services IAS Mains – Topics in Paper II – General studies I:
The major areas of this paper are as follows:
  1. Heritage & Culture of India,
  2. History & Culture of the World as well as the Society.
V. UPSC Civil Services IAS Mains – Topics in Paper III – General studies II:
The major areas of this paper are as follows:
  1. Governance
  2. Polity
  3. Constitution
  4. Social Justice.
  5. Internal Relations.
VI. UPSC Civil Services IAS Mains – Topics in Paper IV – General studies III:
The major areas of this paper are as follows:
  1. Technology
  2. Economic Development.
  3. Environmental
  4. Security
  5. Disaster Management.
  6. Bio-Diversity.
 VII. UPSC Civil Services IAS Mains – Topics in Paper V – General studies IV:
The major areas of this paper are as follows:
  1. Ethics
  2. Integrity
  3. Aptitude
 VIII. UPSC Civil Services IAS Mains – Topics in Paper VI – Optional Subject Paper 1:
The topics in this paper depend on the subject the candidate selects from the list of Optional Subjects.
XI. UPSC Civil Services IAS Mains – Topics in Paper VII – Optional Subject Paper 2:
The topics in this paper depend on the subject the candidate selects from the list of Optional Subjects.
The List of Optional Subjects is as follows:    
  • Agriculture
  • Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science.
  • Anthropology
  • Botany
  • Chemistry
  • Civil Engineering.
  • Commerce & Accountancy.
  • Economics
  • Electrical Engineering.
  • Geography
  • Geology
  • Law
  • Management
  • Mathematics
  • Mechanical Engineering.
  • Medical Science.
  • philosophy
  • Physics
  • Political Science & International Relations.
  • Sociology
  • Public Administration.
  • Psychology
  • statics
  • Zoology
  • Literature of any one of the language such as Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, gujarathi, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, English.

Wednesday, 26 July 2017 by VAROON SINGH · 0

Syllabus for NEET 2018 examination


1.Diversity in Living WorldReproduction
2.Structural Organisation in Animals and PlantsGenetics and Evolution
3.Cell Structure and FunctionBiology and Human Welfare
4.Plant PhysiologyBiotechnology and Its Applications
5.Human physiologyEcology and environment


1.Physical world and measurementElectrostatics
2.KinematicsCurrent Electricity
3.Laws of MotionMagnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
4.Work, Energy and PowerElectromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
5.Motion of System of Particles and Rigid BodyElectromagnetic Waves
7.Properties of Bulk MatterDual Nature of Matter and Radiation
8.ThermodynamicsAtoms and Nuclei
9.Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic TheoryElectronic Devices
10.Oscillations and Waves


1.Some Basic Concepts of ChemistrySolid State
2.Structure of AtomSolutions
3.Classification of Elements and Periodicity in PropertiesElectrochemistry
4.Chemical Bonding and Molecular StructureChemical Kinetics
5.States of Matter: Gases and LiquidsSurface Chemistry
6.ThermodynamicsGeneral Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
7.Equilibriump- Block Elements
8.Redox Reactionsd and f Block Elements
9.HydrogenCoordination Compounds
10.s-Block Element (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals)Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
11.Some p-Block ElementsAlcohols, Phenols and Ethers
12.Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and TechniquesAldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
13.HydrocarbonsOrganic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
14.Environmental ChemistryBiomolecules
16.Chemistry in Everyday Life


Thursday, 13 March 2014

Second year petroleum , petrochemical and polymer engineering, Pune university, syllabus for engineering materials for year 2013-2014 onwards

212382 Engineering Materials

Teaching Scheme: Examination Scheme:
Lectures: 3 Hrs/week Paper: 50 Marks
Practicals: 2 Hrs/week Online: 50 Marks
Term Work: 25 Marks

Course Outcomes:
After completion of this course the students should be able to demonstrate:
1. Understanding of the structure and properties of engineering materials.
2. Acquaintance with the changing trends in materials science and engineering.
3. Futuristic insight into materials.
4. Understanding of the applications according to change in the properties of materials.

Unit 1: Materials Science and Engineering (6 L)
Introduction, Developments in materials, engineering profession and materials, Classification of
materials- Metals, Polymers, Ceramics, Composites, Semiconductors. Their Structure, properties &
Macro, Micro, Nano, Submicroscopic observations of materials, structures of common polymers and
crystal structure of Metals. Point, Linear, Planar and volume defects and their relationship with properties
of materials, Crystalline, Noncrystalline and semicrystalline materials.
Criteria for selection of materials for special applications in Industries such as smart materials and
biomedical materials.

Unit 2: Microstructural developments (6 L)
Components, Phases and phase equilibrium diagrams, Eutectic and Etectoid reactions.
Phase transformations and relationship with properties. Gibb’s phase rule.
Microstructures of materials and their properties & applications.

Unit 3: Properties of materials (6 L)
Mechanical properties: Hardness, Strength, Toughness, Stiffness, Ductility, Malleability, Hardenability,
Creep fatigue and Rheology
Electrical properties: Conductors, Semiconductors and insulators, dielectric materials.
Optical properties: Absorption, Reflection, Transmission and Refraction, optical fibers and lasers.
Magnetic properties: various types of magnetic materials, Diamagnetic, Paramagnetic, Ferromagnetic,
Ant ferromagnetic and Ferromagnetic materials, Domain theory, Hard and soft magnetic materials.
Thermal Properties: Thermal expansion, Heat capacity, Thermal Conduction, Thermal Stresses.

Unit 4: Composite Materials (6 L)
Classification of composites, Reinforcing phase, Matrix phase, Fiber reinforced plastics, Metal matrix
composites, Flake and Particulate composites, General and practical composite systems, stiffness
evaluation of composite, Special composites such as nano particles dispersion polymer matrix

Unit 5: Materials environment interactions (6 L)
Liquid solid reaction- Direct Dissolution Mechanisms, Kinetics of Corrosion Reactions, Corrosion
Gas solid reactions- Formation of gaseous reaction products, Protective and non protective solid oxides,
oxidation prevention
Solid solid interactions- Wear mechanisms, designing to minimize friction and wear.
Radiation Damage and its prevention

Unit 6: Materials Processing (6 L)
Processing of metals, Ceramics, Polymers, Composites Semiconductors,
Nanostructured materials, Casting, Forming, Powder processing, Machining, Joining,
Surface coating treatments, Fiber Manufacturing,
Recent techniques in material processing.
Manufacturing techniques for metals, ceramics & engineering polymers

Term Work:
Term Work shall consist of the experiments listed below of which, at least eight should be performed in
laboratory by the students. A record of the work performed should be presented in the form of a journal.

1. Microstructural observations of ferrous and non ferrous metals and alloys (Minimum five)
2. Annealing and normalizing of steel, observations.
3. Hardening and tempering of steel, observations.
4. Study of fractures of engineering materials.
5. Non destructive testing (Minimum two tests)
6. Macro observation of flow lines in forged products.
7. Macro etching Sulphur printing test of steel.
8. Cupping test of sheet materials
9. Hardness test any one out of the following
(Rockwell, Brinell, durometer and Vickers)
10. Impact Test of Materials.

1. Schaeffer J.P.: Saxena A., Antolovich S.D., Sanders T.H.Jr., Warner S.B., The Science &
Design of Engineering Materials, McGraw-Hill International.
2. Material Science & Engineering, William Smith, Ravi Prakash, McGraw Hill.
3. Callister William D. Jr. Material Science and Engineering an Introduction, John Wiley &
Sons Inc.

Thursday, 13 March 2014 by VAROON SINGH · 7

Second year petroleum , petrochemical and polymer engineering, Pune university, syllabus for engineering chemistry for year 2013-2014 onwards

212381 Engineering Chemistry I

Teaching Scheme: Examination Scheme:
Lectures: 4 Hrs/week Online: 50Marks
Practical: 2 Hrs/Week Paper: 50 Marks
Practical: 50 Marks

Course Outcomes:
After completion of this course the students should be able to demonstrate:
1) Ability to correlate effect of structure with the reactivity.
2) Understanding of step by step electronic changes involved in reaction.
3) Understanding of basics of atomic structure and bonding and shapes of compounds.
4) Performance of an electrochemical cell including fuel cell.
5) Knowledge of synthesis of commercially important polymers.

Unit 1: Structural Effects and Reactivity: (8 L)
Bond cleavage: homolytic and heterolytic cleavages; attacking reagents – electrophiles and nucleophiles;
reaction intermediates - carbonium, carbanion and free radical formation and stability; leaving group –
explanation with example. Basic structural electronic effects – Inductive, resonance, hyperconjugation,
steric, tautomerism. Types of reactions – Important organic reactions such as substitution, addition,
elimination etc. Structure of benzene and concept of aromaticity (Huckel’s rule)

Unit 2: Reaction Mechanism: (8 L)
Reactions Involving Carbonium Ion Intermediates: Nucleophilic substitution: SN1, SN2 reactions and their
comparison. Aliphatic and aromatic nucleophilic substitution reactions. Electrophilic substitution in
benzene and monosubstituted benzene with orientation effect. Nitration halogenation, sulfonation, Friedel
Craft alkylation and acylation. Electrophilic addition to C = C. Addition of halogens, hydrogen, halide
and water. Elimination: E1and E2reactions, Saytzeff and Hofmann elimination, comparison of
elimination with substitution. Rearrangement: Beckman, pinacol. Reactions Involving Carbanion
Intermediates: Addition of carbon nucleophile to cabonyl group such as Grignard reaction for preparation
of alcohols and carboxylic acids. Nucleophilic substitution such as Wurtz and Condensation such as aldol,
Claisen ester. Rearrangement such as Favorskii. Reactions Involving Free Radical Intermediate: Addition
of hydrogen halide to C = C in presence of peroxide. Substitution such as halogenation of alkanes.
Dimerization such as Kolbe synthesis.

Unit 3: Atomic Structure and Bonding: (8 L)
Atomoic structure, Electronic theory of valancy – electrovalency, covalency coordination valency,
hydrogen bonding. electronic configuration, energy levels, orbitals, quantum numbers. Chemical bonding
– Covalent bond, VBT, Hybridization, Hybridizational shapes of molecules with examples (upto C. N. 6),
Molecular orbital theory, LCAO. M.O. diagrams for diatomic molecules like H2, CO, O2, N2.

Unit 4:Electrochemistry and fuel cells: (8 L)
Electrochemical cell, conventions and standard states, cell diagram, Nernst equation, cell emf and
Gibbs energy, reaction entropies, electrochemical series, standard electrode potentials, classification of
electrochemical cells, Energy storage , batteries- primary (Zn-MnO2 type), secondary (Lead acid, sodium
sulfer, Fuel cells: features of fuel cell, classification and construction, anodic and cathodic reactions in
fuel cells, limitations on power available from fuel cells.

Unit 5: Colloidal Chemistry: (8 L)
The colloidal state properties of lyophilic and lyophobic colloids – optical, Brownian movement,
electrical, viscosity, methods of preparation, separation, determination of particle size, gels and
emulsions. The ideal solution, Roult’s law of ideal solutions, solutions of liquids in liquids, theory of
dilute solution. Osmosis, osmotic pressure, measurement of osmotic pressure. Colligative properties of
dilute solution – lowering of vapor pressure, elevation of boiling point with derivation, depression in
freezing point with derivation. Abnormal behavior of solutions of electrolytes. Numerical based on all

Unit 6: Chemistry of Polymerization: (8 L)
Introduction, comparative study of free radical, ionic, step growth polymerization mechanism.
Polymerization techniques: bulk, solution, suspension and emulsion. Average molecular weights (Mn,
Mw, Mv and Mz) of polymers. Brief overview of chemical synthesis of various types of monomers viz
olefins, vinyl chloride, styrene, diamine, diacids, diols, and phenols.

List of Practical: (any 8)
1. Volumetric estimation of amide from the given solution of amide.
2. Purification of organic compounds by using techniques such as distillation, sublimation.
3. Preparation of benzoic acid from benzamide.
4. Purification and drying of vinyl monomer
5. To determine molecular weight of non-volatile solute by depression in freezing point method.
6. To determine molecular weight of solid by elevation in boiling point method.
7. To determine purity of monomer.
8. Determination of molecular weight by end group analysis.
9. Determination of transport number of cation by moving boundry method / Hittorf’s method.
10. Electroplating of copper on copper plate.

1. Morrison R. T. and Boyd R.N.; Organic Chemistry; Prentice Hall of India Private Ltd.; 7th edition
2. Atkins P.W.; Physical Chemistry; Oxford; 7th edition (2001).
3. March Jerry; Advanced Organic Chemistry; John Wiley and Sons; 6th edition(2007).
4. Sykes Peter; A Guide Book to Mechanism in Organic Chemistry; Pearson;6thedition(2003
5. Glasstone Samuel; Textbook of Physical chemistry; McMillan and Co. Ltd.; (1981).
6. Barrow G.M.; Physical Chemistry; McGraw Hill Publications; (1996).
7. V.R.Gowarikar, N.Viswanathan, JaydevSreedhar, Polymer Science, New Age International (2005) .
8. George Odian, Principals of Polymerisation, John Wiley and Sons (2004).


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