Saturday, 3 March 2012

BIOLOGY AND DIVERSITY OF FUNGI AND PLANT PATHOLOGY, M.SC. (BOTANY) ,SEMESTER I, SESSION 2011 – 2013, JIWAJI UNIVERSITY


BOT 102: BIOLOGY AND DIVERSITY OF FUNGI AND PLANT PATHOLOGY

UNIT I

Resent trends on the classification of fungi with reference to morphological and paramorphological criteria;
Comparative study of following sub-division;
Mastigomycotina: Albugo,Peronospora, Plasmopora

UNIT II

Comparative study of following sub-division;
Zygomycotina: Mucor, Rhizopus, Syncephalastrum
Ascomycotina: Tapharina, Emericella, Penicillium, Chaetomium, Morchella

UNIT III

Comparative study of following sub-division;
Basidiomycotina: Puccinia, Melamsora, Ustilago, Polyporus, Cyathus
Deuteromycotina: Fusarium, Cercospora, Colletotrichum.
Mushroom cultivation: Mycorrhizal application in agriculture and forestry;
Fungal cytology and genetics: Heterothallism, heterokaryosis, parasexual cycle, mutation.

UNIT IV

Symptomatology in fungal, bacterial and viral infection of plants
Etiology and control of the following crop diseases
1. Paddy: paddy blast, paddy blight
2. Wheat: Black stem rust, Bunt of wheat
3. Bajara: green ear and Ergot
4. Sugarcane: Red rot disease of sugarcane.
5. Ground nut: Tikka disease
6. Maize Smut

UNIT V

Role of enzyme and toxins in pathogenesis;
Disease control by physical, chemical and biological methods, resistant varieties;
Crop rotation, plant quarantines, seed certification

PRACTICAL 102:

Study of the morphological characters and reproductive structures of the genera mentioned in the theory. Study of symptomatology of diseased species. Carbon and nitrogen utilization by fungi (in culture) vitamin requirement, staining techniques for cytological studies, induction and isolation of mutants.
1. Study of diseased specimens of plants with reference to symptomatology.
2. Isolation, purification and single spore culture of pathogens.
3. Measurement of the activity of enzymes of fungal pathogens: Cellulose, Pectinases.
4. Laboratory testing of fungicides (systemic and non-systemic) against pathogenic fungi.
5. Demonstration of biological control of pathogenic fungi in vitro.

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