Tuesday, 29 May 2012

Shivaji University, Revised Syllabus of ( B.E. Civil Engineering Sem –VII & VIII ) To be introduced from the academic year 2010-11 (i.e. from June 2010 ) Onwards


(Subject to the modifications will be made from time to time)

Final Year Civil Engineering
SYLLABUS STRUCTURE
B.E. Civil Engineering Semester-VII

B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-I SEM-VII
DESIGN OF CONCRETE STRUCTURES-I
B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING
PART-I
SEMESTER-VII

Teaching Scheme
Lectures: 4 Hrs/Week Examination Scheme
Theory Paper: 100 Marks

SECTION- I

Unit : 1 (06)
Introduction- Stress strain behavior of concrete and steel,
Behavior of RCC, Permissible stresses in steel and concrete, Design
philosophies, Various limits states, Characteristics strength and
Characteristic load, Load factor, Partial safety factors.
Unit : 2 (08)
Limit state of collapse (flexure): Analysis and Design of Singly and
Doubly Reinforced rectangular sections, Singly reinforced T and L
beams.
Unit : 3 (06)
Limit state of collapse (shear and bond): Shear failure, Types of
Shear reinforcement, Design of Shear reinforcement, Bond-types,
Factors affecting bond Resistance, Check for development length.
Unit : 4 (04)
Limit state of serviceability: Significance of deflection, IS
recommendations, Cracking-classification and Types of Cracks, Causes
mechanism, and IS recommendations.

SECTION- II

Unit : 5 (05)
Design of slabs: One way, Two way with different support
conditions as per IS:456, Cantilever slab
Unit : 6 (05)
Design of staircases; Types of staircases, Design of Simply
Supported and Dog legged staircases
Unit : 7 (07)
Analysis and Design of axially and eccentrically (uni-axial) loaded
circular and rectangular columns, Interaction diagram, Circular column
with helical reinforcement
Unit : 8 (07)
Design of isolated rectangular column footing with constant depth
subjected to axial load and moment, Design of combined rectangular
footing

Reference books :
1 IS 456-2000
2 Limit state theory and Design –Karve and Shah , Structures
publications , Pune
3 Reinforced Concrete Design – Limit state - A.K. Jain Nem Chand
brothers Roorkee
4 Fundamentals of Reinforced Concrete –Sinha and Roy, S. Chand
and company Ltd. Ram Nagar, New Delhi
5 Limit State Design of reinforced concrete P.C.Varghese, Prentice
Hall, New Delhi
6 Reinforced Concrete Design- B.C. Punmia Laxmi publications New
Delhi
7 Reinforced Concrete Design-M. L. Gambhir-Mc millan India Ltd.
New Delhi
8 Special publications -16-Bureau of Indian standards

B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-I SEM-VII
QUANTITY SURVEY AND VALUATION

Teaching Scheme
Lectures: 4 Hrs/Week
Practical: 4 Hrs/Week
Examination Scheme
Theory Paper: 100 Marks
Term Work: 50 Marks
Oral Exam: 25 Marks
Paper duration: 4 hr.

SECTION- I

Unit : 1 (06)
a) General introduction to Quantity surveying – purpose of estimates.
Types of estimates, various items to be included in estimates.
Principles in selecting units of measurement for items, various units
and modes of measurement for different trades, administrative
approval and technical sanction to estimates. I.S. 1200, Introduction
to D.S.R.
b) Specification- purpose and basic principle of general and detailed
specification (writing the detailed specification for various
constructions should be covered in term work)
Unit : 2 (08)
a) Prime cost, provisional sums and provisional quantities, taking out
Year 2010‐2011 Page 6
quantity – Long wall - short wall, centre line method, Measurement
and abstract sheets and recording.
b) Analysis of rates, factors affecting the cost of materials, labour. Task
work, schedule as basis of labour costs. Plants and equipment -hour
costs based on total costs and outputs. Transports, Overhead
charges, rates for various items of construction of civil engineering
works. Standard schedule of rate, price escalation
Unit : 3 (12)
a) Detailed estimate of buildings, R.C.C works, culverts, earthwork for
canals. Roads including hill roads and other civil engineering works.
Preparation of schedule for steel as reinforcement.
b) Approximate estimates, purpose, various methods used for buildings
and other civil engineering works such as bridge, water supply,
drainage, road project, school buildings, industrial sheds.
c) Different method of executing work. Essentials of legally valid
contract, Contract between Engineer & Employers, Contract between
Employer & Contractor, Appointment & authority of Engineer for
execution of civil construction works, Category of contractor.

SECTION- II

Unit : 4 (08)
a) Competitive bidding, Local Competitive bidding, international
contracting, item rate contract, percentage rate contract & Lump –
sum contract. Tender document- invitation of tenders. Tender
notice, tender documents, Submission. Scrutiny and acceptance two
envelop method. Award of jobs. Various conditions to contracts.
Rights and responsibilities of parties of contracts.
b) Negotiated contracts, cost plus percentage, cost plus fixed fee, Cost
plus sliding scale of fees. Target as based on sharing risk and
profits. Turnkey contracts. More than two party contracts.
c) Introduction to non conventional contract such as B.O.T, B.O.O.T,
B.O.L.T
Unit : 5 (06)
a) Principles of valuation, definition of value, price and cost. Attributes
of value, Different types of values- Book value, salvage value, scrap
value, replacement value, reproduction value, Market value,
Potential value, Distress value, Speculation value, Sentimental
value. Accommodation value. Essential characteristics of market
value.
b) Valuer and his duties, purpose of valuation and its function. Factors
affecting the valuation of properties-tangible and intangible
properties, Landed properties- free hold and leasehold properties,
different types of lease.
Year 2010‐2011 Page 7
Unit : 6 (05)
a) Rental method of valuation. Form of rent, different types of rent,
standard rent.
b) Value of land, belting method of valuation, Valuation based on land
and building.
c) Development method of valuation for building estate.
d) Valuation on profit basis for lodges, cinema theatres, hotels, motels
etc. Valuation for rating purpose. Methods for assessing ratable
value of property. Rental method, Comparison method.
Unit : 7 (07)
a) Valuation from yield and from life, gross yield and net yield,
outgoing, capitalized value, Year’s purchases-Single rate and dual
rate, reversion value of land, annuity-perpetual, deferred. Sinking
fund.
b) Depreciation, different methods of calculating depreciation – straight
line method, declining balance method, sinking fund method,
quantity survey method. Depreciated cost, Obsolescence.
c) Introduction to Indian Arbitration and conciliation Act 1996.

Term Work:
1 Detailed estimate for single story residential building
2 Preparing detailed estimate for any one of the following:
a) A stretch of a road about 1 Km. long including earthwork.
b) A reach of canal about 1 Km. long.
c) A factory shed of steel frame.
3 Valuation reports for building of residential purpose or commercial
purpose
4 Detailed specification for minimum five civil engineering items.
(One each from Roads, Irrigation works, Water Supply &
Sanitation & three from buildings)
5 Rate Analysis of seven civil engineering items.
6 Schedule of reinforcement for anyone from the following
a) Beams & slab,
b) Staircase
c) Column & Column footing
7 Preparation of contract document for a small building.
Use of software for preparation of estimate is desirable.

Reference books :
1 Quantity Surveying – P. L. Bhasin. S. Chand&Co-Ramnagar,
Delhi-110055
Year 2010‐2011 Page 8
2 Elements of Estimating and Costing – S. C. Rangwala. Charotar
Publishing house- Opp Amul Dairy Court road Anand.388001
(west rly )India.
3 Civil Engineering Contracts and Estimates – B. S. Patil.
Universities Press Private Ltd. 3-5-819 Hyderguda, Hyderabad.
500029(A.P),India.
4 Professional Practice (Estimating and Valuation) – Roshan
Nanavati (1984 Edition)U.B.S. Publishers, Distributers PVT.Ltd.5
Ansari road New Delhi.
5 Estimating and Costing – Dutta. Dhanpat Rai & Sons. 1682, Nai
Sarak, Delhi-110006
6 Estimating and Costing – Birdi Dhanpat Rai & Sons 1682, Nai
Sarak, Delhi-110006
7 Estimating, Costing and Specification in civil engineering –
Chakroborty M.21 b,Bhabananda Road,Kolkata-700026
8 Valuation of real Properties – S. C. Rangwala Charotar Publishing
House- opposite Amul dairy, court Road Anand. 388001.India
9 Standard specifications Volumes I & II (P. W. D. Maharashtra)
Govt. of Maharastra
10 C.P.W.D. specifications
11 C.P.W.D. schedule of rates.

B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-I SEM-VII
EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING

Teaching Scheme
Lectures: 3 Hrs/Week
Practical: 2 Hrs/Week
Examination Scheme
Theory Paper: 100 Marks
Term Work: 25 Marks

SECTION- I

Unit : 1 (05)
Elements of seismology – terminology, structure of earth, causes
of an earthquake, plate tectonic theory, continental drift theory, elastic
rebound theory, seismic waves, magnitude and intensity, methods of
measurement, energy released, seismograph, strong motion
earthquakes, accelogram, prominent earthquakes of India
Unit : 2 (08)
Fundamentals of theory of vibration, free and forced vibrations
(harmonic loading) of single degree of freedom systems. Undamped and
viscously damped vibrations, equations of motion and solution, General
dynamic loading Duhamel Integral, earthquake response of SDOF
system
Unit : 3 (07)
Response spectrum theory: Earthquake response spectrum,
tripartite spectrum, construction of design response spectrum, effect of
foundation soil and structural damping on design spectrum, evaluation
of lateral loads due to earthquake on multistory buildings as per IS 1893
– 2002 Part I

SECTION- II

Unit : 4 (04)
Conceptual Design: Planning aspects, Load path, Stiffness and
strength distribution, different structural system, liquefaction and
settlement.
Unit : 5 (08)
Earthquake Resistance Design Principles: Design philosophy,
Behavior of RC building, ductility and ductile detailing, Design and
detailing of beam and columns using IS 13920.
Unit : 6 (08)
Masonry and Timber Structures: Behavior of unreinforced
masonry and reinforced masonry, RC bands, vertical reinforcement,
openings, Behavior of timber structures, connections, shear panel
construction, stud wall construction, Provisions of I.S. 4326 , Repairs
and strengthening of masonry and RC members.

Term Work:
1 At least one Assignment on each unit

Reference books :
1 Dynamics of Structures-Theory and Applications to Earthquake
Engineering by A.K. Chopra – Prentice Hall Publications.
2 Earthquake Resistance Design of Structure – S. K. Duggal , Oxford
Uni. Press
3 Eartquake Engineering by Manish Shrikhande
4 Structural Dynamics - Mario Paz CBS Publication
5 Earthquake Resistant Structures –D.J. Dowrick John Wiely
Publication
6 Dynamics of Structures – R. M. Clough and Ponian ,McGraw Hill
co.New Delhi
7 Mechanical Vibrations – G. R. Grover Roorkee University, Roorkee.
8 Analysis and Design of Foundations for Vibrations – P. J. Moove.
Oxford and I. B. H. Publication, Delhi
9 Foundation Design Manual – N. V. Nayak, Dhanpatrai and sons,
Delhi
10 Manual of Earthquake Resistant Non engineering Construction,
University of Roorkee
11 Elements of Earthquake Engineering – Jai Krishna, South Asian
Pub.New Delhi
12 Earthquake Resistant, Design of Masonry and Timber Structures –
A.S. Arya
13 Elements Seismology – Rochter
14 Earthquake Resistant Design of R. C. C. Structures – S. K. Gosh
15 IS 1893-2002 –Part I,IS 13920 and 4326.
16 Government of Maharashtra Earthquake resistant Design of house
guiding lines and assessment of damages

B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-I SEM-VII
TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING

Teaching Scheme
Lectures: 4 Hrs/Week
Practical: 2 Hrs/Week
Examination Scheme
Theory Paper: 100 Marks
Term Work: 25 Marks
Oral Exam: 25 Marks

SECTION- I

(Highway Engineering)
Unit : 1 (07)
a) Introduction Scope of highway engg., Road development plans,
Recent developments – NHAI,NHDP,PMGSY,MSRDC, Highway
finance –BOT,BOT, Annuity, PPP, DBFO.
b) Highway Geometric Design: Terrain classification, Highway
Alignment-Definition, requirements, factors controlling alignment,
alignment of hill roads. Cross-sectional elements, sight distances,
horizontal alignment – super elevation, widening of pavement on
horizontal curve, Vertical alignment –gradient, vertical curves,
design problems.
Unit : 2 (06)
a) Traffic Engineering: traffic characteristics, traffic studies and
analysis, traffic control devices – road marking, traffic sign, traffic
signal, intersections.
Unit : 3 (06)
a) Pavement Design: Pavement types, components, functions, design
factors, Design of flexible pavements, CBR Method, IRC: 37-2001.
b) Design of rigid pavement: Westergaard’s analysis of wheel load
stress, temperature stresses. Types of joints and their functions,
IRC: 58-2002 method of design.
Unit : 4 (06)
a) Highway Construction: Highway materials, WMM roads, bituminous
roads-BC, SDBC, DBM; concrete roads-DLC,PQC; soil stabilized
road, MOST specifications.
b) Highway Drainage: Necessity, surface and subsurface drainage,
maintenance and repairs.

SECTION- II

Unit : 5 Airport Engineering (06)
Year 2010‐2011 Page 12
a) Introduction: Terminology, Airport Classification ICAO, components
of an aircraft, aircraft characteristics.
b) Airport Planning: Airport surveys, Site selection, Airport
Obstructions, layouts, zoning laws, Environmental considerations.
c) Air Traffic Control: VFR, IFR, Visual aids, airport lighting and
marking.
d) Runways: Orientation, wind rose, Basic runway length, Geometric
design, Airport capacity, Runway patterns.
e) Taxiways: Layout, geometrical standards, exit taxiways.
f) Terminal Buildings: Site selection, facilities, aprons ,parking
systems.
Unit : 6 Tunnel Engineering (08)
a) Introduction, consideration in tunneling, geological investigation,
tunnel alignment, tunnel shafts, pilot tunnels.
b) Tunneling in hard rock, (TBM).
c) Tunneling in soft materials: shield methods. Tunnel lining (rock
bolting and guniting), Safety measures, ventilation, lighting and
drainage of tunnels.
Unit : 7 Dock And Harbour Engineering (05)
a) Introduction Inland water transport in India, tides , waves, erosion,
beach drift, littoral drift sand bars, coast protection, classification of
ports and harbours, sites selection, break waters, jetties, wharves
,piers, facilities required.
b) Types of dock, navigational aids, lighthouses, terminal buildings,
special equipments, containerization.

NOTE (For Paper Setters):
One question for each unit from section I
One question from each unit of section II along with 4th
question consisting of Short Notes, having maximum
weightage on Unit 5 of section II

Term Work :
1 Tests on Aggregates
a. Specific Gravity and Water absorption test
b. Impact Test
c. Abrasion Test
2 Test on Bituminous Materials
a. Penetration Test
Year 2010‐2011 Page 13
b. Softening point test
c. Flash and fire point test
d. Ductility test
e. Viscosity Test
f. Stripping Value
3 Tutorial on Design Problems.
4 Recent developments in the planning, designing of
Highway/Airways systems, major projects - A report are expected.
5 At least One Assignment on each unit of Section –II.

Reference books :
1 Khanna S.K. and C.E.G. Justo (2000): Highway Engineering, Nem
Chand & Bros., Roorkee.
2 Khanna S.K., Arora M.G. and Jain S.S. (1997): Airport Planning
and Design, Nem Chand and Bros., Roorkee.
3 Partha Chakroborty and Animesh Das (2003): Principles of
Transportation Engineering, Prentice-Hall India, New Delhi.
4 Dock and Harbor Engineering – Oza ,Chartor pub. house
5 Dock, Harbor and Tunnel Engineering – Shrinivasan Chartor pub.
house
6 Dock and Harbor Engineering – Cormick H. F.
7 Bruton M.J. (1975): Introduction to Transportation Planning. II
Edn. Hutchinson, London.
8 Drew D.R. (1968): Traffic Flow Theory and Control, McGraw-Hill,
New York.
9 Hutchinson B.G. (1974): Principles of Urban Transport Systems
Planning. McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York.
10 McShane W.R. and Roess R.P. (1990): Traffic Engineering,
Prentice-Hall Inc., New Jersey.
11 DSIR: Soil Mechanics for Road Engineers, H.M.S.O., London.
12 DSIR: Bituminous Materials in Road Construction, H.M.S.O.,
London.
13 Horonjeff Robert: The Planning and Design of Airports, McGraw
Hill Co., New York.
14 IRC: 76-1979 – Tentative Guidelines for Structural Strength
Evaluation of Rigid Airfield Pavement, IRC, New Delhi.
15 IRC: 85-1983 – Code of Practice for Accelerated Strength Testing
and Evaluation of Concrete Road and Air field Constructions, IRC,
New Delhi.
Year 2010‐2011 Page 14
16 IRC: 58-2002 (Second Revision) – Guidelines for the Design of
Rigid Pavements for Highways, IRC, New Delhi.
17 IRC: 37-2001 – Guidelines for the Design of Flexible Pavements for
Highways, IRC, New Delhi.
18 Yang H. Huang (1993): Pavement Analysis and Design, Prentice-
Hall.
19 Yoder E.J. and Witczak M.W. (1975): Principles of Pavement
Design, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York.

B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-I SEM-VII
PROJECT WORK- (PHASE –I)

Teaching Scheme
Practical: 2 Hrs/Week
(for batch of 9 Students)
Examination Scheme
Term Work: 75 Marks

The project work will be a design project – experimental project
– field surveying or computer oriented on any of the topics of civil
engineering interest. It will allot as a group project consisting of a
minimum THREE and maximum FIVE number of students,
depending upon the depth of project depth work. The student is
required to do literature survey, formulate the problem and form a
methodology of arriving at the solution of the problem.
The term work assessment of the project will be done at the end
of the semester by a committee consisting of three faculty members
from the department along with Project Guide. The students will
present their project work before the committee. The complete
project report is not expected at the end this semester. However a
Ten pages typed report based on the work done will have to be
submitted by the students to the assessing committee. The project
guides will award the marks to the individual students depending on
the group average awarded by the committee.
One Project Guide will be allotting Maximum TWO group for
guidance.
For work load calculation minimum load is 1 Hr./week, for one
groups of FOUR to FIVE students. (As per AICTE Guide Lines)

B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-I SEM-VII
ASSESSMENT ON REPORT OF FIELD TRAINING
Examination Scheme
Term Work: 25 Marks

The students are required to undergo training in any area
related to Civil Engineering as mentioned in the syllabus for 30
working days beyond the academic schedule between the completion
of T.E. (Civil) Part-I and B.E.(Civil) Part-I term end.
Students shall submit the report of the field training taken and
necessary certificate from the organization where such training is
undertaken.

Assessment will be done at the end of VII Semester by
project guide along with Project Term Work Assessment
Committee

Elective I
Advanced Structural Analysis
Experimental Stress Analysis
Finite Element Method
Advanced Foundation Engineering
Transportation Infrastructure Planning and Demand
Estimation
Advanced Engineering geology
Open channel Hydraulics
Human Resource Development
Project Appraisal
Solid Waste Management

B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-I SEM-VII
ELECTIVE - I
ADVANCED STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

Teaching Scheme
Lecture : 3 hrs/Week
Practical : 2 hrs/Week
Examination Scheme
Theory Paper: 100 Marks
Term Work : 25 marks
Oral Exam : 25 marks

SECTION- I

Unit : 1 (05)
Influence Line Diagrams : Muller Breslau Principle, I.L.D. for
Propped Cantilever, Fixed beam, Continuous beam
Unit : 2 (06)
Beams Curved in Plan : Determinate and Indeterminate beams
curved in plan
Unit : 3 (04)
Fixed Arches : Analysis of fixed arches by Elastic Center Method
Unit : 4 (05)
Approximate Method for Analysis : Analysis of Portal Frames
subjected to lateral loads-Portal Method , Cantilever Method

SECTION- II

Unit : 5 (04)
Analysis of Secondary Stresses in Plane Frames
Unit : 6 (05)
Analysis of Space Trusses by Tension Coefficient Method
Unit : 7 (06)
Beams on Elastic Foundations : Analysis of infinite and semi-infinite
beams
Unit : 8 (05)
Unsymmetrical Bending and Shear Center

Term Work:
1 Term Work shall consists of minimum eight assignments based on
above syllabus with at least Two problems from each unit

Reference books :
1 Analysis of Structures Vol.II- Vazirani and Ratwani, Khanna
Publishers,Delhi
2 Advanced Theory of Structures & Matrix Methods- Vazirani and
Ratwani
3 Structural Analysis – Negi and Jangid, Tata McGraw Hill Pub. Co.
Ltd.
4 Design of Steel Structures Vol.II– Ramchandra Standard Book
House ,Delhi
5 Strength of Materials Vol.II – Thimshenko, East-West Press ltd.
Delhi
6 Mechanics of Structures Vol. II & III- S. B. Junnerkar & Shah,
Chartor Pub.House, Anand
7 Design of Steel Structures- B.C.Punmia, A.K.jain, Laxmi
Publication(p) Ltd.Delhi

B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-I SEM-VII
ELECTIVE - I
EXPERIMENTAL STRESS ANALYSIS

Teaching Scheme
Lecture : 3 hrs/Week
Practical : 2 hrs/Week
Examination Scheme
Theory Paper: 100 Marks
Term Work : 25 marks
Oral Exam : 25 marks

SECTION- I

Unit : 1 (02)
Introduction to experimental stress analysis, advantages of ESA
technique, Fundamental concept of strain measurement.
Unit : 2 (06)
Development of ERSG, types, construction and material, Gauge
sensitivity and gauge factor, transverse sensitivity, correction for
transverse strain effect, Grid, Backing material, Adhesive, Mounting
method, checking gauge installation, Performance characteristics of
foil strain gauge, linearity, hysteresis, zero shift, environmental
effect, moisture proofing.
Unit : 3 (07)
Wheatstone bridge circuit, sensitivity, types, balancing of bridges,
constant current circuit, Transducer application, diaphragm
pressure transducer, displacement transducer, axial force
transducer, bending force transducer, torque transducer.
Unit : 4 (04)
Introduction, determination of principal strains, principal stresses,
maximum shear stress and principal angles, three and four element
rectangular rosette, delta rosette, tee rosette.

SECTION- II

Unit : 5 (05)
Introduction, general principles, advantages and disadvantages,
state of stress and laws of failure, detection of cracks, types of brittle
coating, test procedure, calibration technique.
Unit : 6 (07)
Basic optics related to photo elasticity, ordinary light,
monochromatic light, polarized light, natural and artificial,
Year 2010‐2011 Page 20
Birefringence, Stress optic law in two dimensions at normal
incidence, Material fringe value in terms of stress function
Unit : 7 (07)
Plane polariscope, isoclinics, isochromatics, Circular polariscope,
different arrangements, isochromatics, Fractional fringe
measurement, Tardy’s method , Babinet Soleil method, Selection
and properties of model materials, Calibration methods, circular
disc, tensile specimen, Separation methods, oblique incidence
method, shear difference method

Term Work:
Minimum ten of the following experiments to be performed
1 Study of electrical resistance strain gauge
2 Study of commercial strain indicator
3 Calibration of electrical resistance strain gauge. Determination of
gauge factor Sg
4 Determination of unknown weight. Transducer application of
strain gauge
5 Calculation of gauge factor and strain for single and two arm
bridges.
6 Calculation of gauge factor and strain for four arms lateral and
linear sensitive bridges.
7 Measurement by using commercial strain indicator and
transducers.
8 Study of isoclinics and isochromatics and use of white light
9 Calibration of photo elastic model material. Determination of
material fringe value.
10 Determination of fringe order by Tardy’s method.
11 Separation of stresses by oblique incidence method.
12 Study of brittle coating method.

Text books :
1 Experimental stress analysis by Dailly and Riley, McGraw Hill
2 Experimental stress analysis by Dr. Sadhu Singh, Khanna
Publications

Reference books :
1 Experimental stress analysis by Holister Dove and Adams.
2 Photoelasticity Vol. I by Frecht
3 Applied stress analysis by Direlli
4 The strain gauge primer by Perry Listner

B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-I SEM-VII
ELECTIVE - I
FINITE ELEMENT METHOD

Teaching Scheme
Lecture : 3 hrs/Week
Practical : 2 hrs/Week
Examination Scheme
Theory Paper: 100 Marks
Term Work : 25 marks
Oral Exam : 25 marks

SECTION- I

Unit : 1 (08)
Elementary Theory of Elasticity: Stress-Strain relations; Strain-
Displacement relations; Plane stress and plane strain problems;
Compatibility condition; Differential equations of equilibrium;
Equations for two and three dimensional problems.
Unit : 2 (06)
Analysis of Skeletal structures: Formulation of element stiffness
matrices for plane truss, beam and plane portal frame by direct
method; Co-ordinate System; Transformation matrix; Discretization
of Continuum; Numbering of nodes; Minimization of band width;
Force displacement relationship; Solution for displacement
unknowns; Application of method to plane truss, continuous beam
and plane portal frames.
Unit : 3 (06)
Principle of minimum potential energy; Variational method;
Continuum problems; Two dimensional elements; Use of
displacement functions; Pascal’s triangle; Triangular and
rectangular elements; Formulation of element stiffness matrix.

SECTION- II

Unit : 4 (06)
Convergence requirement; Selection of order of polynomial;
Conforming and non-conforming elements; Effect of element
aspect ratio, Finite representation of infinite bodies
Unit : 5 (08)
Shape function in Cartesian and natural coordinate system;
Lagrange’s interpolation formulae; Concept of isoparametric element;
Relation between Cartesian and natural Coordinate systems;
Year 2010‐2011 Page 23
Jacobian matrix; One and two dimensional isoparametric element.
Unit : 6 (06)
Introduction to three dimensional problem; Various three
dimensional elements; Axisymmetric problems; Formulation of
stiffness matrix of three dimensional and axi-symmetric elements.

Term Work:
1 Set of exercises based on above syllabus

Reference books :
1 Introduction to Finite Element Method – Chandrakant C. Desai
and J.F.Abel
2 Concept and Application of Finite Element Method – R D Cook.
3 Finite Element Method – J.N.Reddy
4 Finite Element Method – O.C.Zeinkiewicz and Taylor
5 Introduction to Finite Element in Engineering – T R Chandrupatla
and A D Belegundu

B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-II SEM-VIII
ELECTIVE - I
ADVANCE FOUNDATION ENGINEERING

Teaching Scheme
Lecture : 3 hrs/Week
Practical : 2 hrs/Week
Examination Scheme
Theory Paper: 100 Marks
Term Work : 25 marks
Oral Exam : 25 marks

SECTION- I

Unit : 1 (06)
Shallow foundations- Types, Depth of foundation, Analysis of
Isolated footing, combined footing, proportioning of footing,
eccentrically loaded footing
Unit : 2 (06)
Raft foundations: Types of rafts, Bearing capacity and settlements of
raft, Design consideration and I.S. Code method of analysis
Unit : 3 (08)
Deep foundation: Types of piles based on function, materials and
methods of construction, friction and end bearing piles, static
formulae, Engineering News and Hiley’s formula, group action in
piles, block failures, negative skin friction, under reamed piles.

SECTION- II

Unit : 4 (06)
Design of machine foundations: Static and dynamic design criteriapermissible
amplitude of vibrations for different types of machines.
Foundations for reciprocating machines- design criteria- calculation
of induced forces and moments- multi cylinder engines
Unit : 5 (07)
Sheet Pile walls and Cofferdams: types and uses of sheet pilesdesign
of cantilever sheet pile walls in granular and cohesive soilsanchored
bulkhead-free earth support and fixed earth support
method-coffer dams-uses- braced and cellular cofferdams.
Unit : 6 (07)
Foundations in Special soils: Foundation in expansive soil, soft and
compressible soils, problems associated with foundation
installation- ground water lowering and drainage- shoring and
Year 2010‐2011 Page 25
underpinning-different methods-damage and vibrations due to
constructional operations

Term Work:
1 Set of exercises based on above syllabus

Reference books :
1 Bowles.J.E, Foundation Analysis and DesignMc Graw Hill
Publishing Company
2 N.P.Kurian, Modern foundations Tata Mc Graw Hill Publishing
company
3 Srinivasulu P, Vaidyanathan C.V Handbook of Machine
foundations
4 Swami Saran, “Soil Dynamics and machine foundation”, Galgotia
Publications Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi
5 W. C. Teng, “Foundation Design”, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd.,
New Delhi
6 Ronald F. Scott “Foundation Analysis”, Prentice Hall Inc.,
7 B.C. Punmia, “ Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering”
Laxmi Publications Pvt. Ltd.,New Delhi


B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-I SEM-VII
ELECTIVE - I
TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE PLANNING & DEMAND
ESTIMATION

Teaching Scheme
Lecture : 3 hrs/Week
Practical : 2 hrs/Week
Examination Scheme
Theory Paper: 100 Marks
Term Work : 25 marks
Oral Exam : 25 marks

SECTION- I

Unit : 1 (03)
Introduction: Infrastructure & its role in developing society;
Transport sector in India – policy framework; Development plans –
Airports, Highways – National Highway Development Program
(NHDP); JNNURM, Project Development Process.
Unit : 2 (05)
Infrastructure Planning: Systems Engineering Approach to
Transportation Planning; Inter dependence of Land Use and
Transportation; Urban vs. Rural Transportation Needs;
Transportation System Evaluation Process (Demand & Supply
equilibrium); Deficiency Analysis; Stages of Project Planning &
Stakeholders – Feasibility Studies, Detailed Studies (Detailed Project
Reports).
Unit : 3 (06)
Traffic Characteristics: Traffic characteristics – Road user
characteristics, General human characteristics, physical
characteristics. Vision eye – movement peripheral vision, Visual
attention, visual sensitivity to light and colour, glare vision and
recovery perception of space. Hearing, Stability sensation, Time
factor in response, Theory of PIEV modifying factors, conditional
responses; Vehicular Characteristics – types, dimensions,
resistance, power requirement for different resistance, change in
direction – minimum turning radius, off tracking, slip angle.
Unit : 4 (06)
Traffic & Transportation Surveys: Project data needs assessment;
Identification of Project Influence Area; Zoning Principles; Primary
and Secondary data; Data Collection & Sampling Techniques; Traffic
Surveys – Planning & Questionnaire Design; Inventory of Transport
Facility; Sources of Secondary Data.
Year 2010‐2011 Page 27

SECTION- II

Unit : 5 (05)
Traffic Parameter Studies and Analysis: Objectives and Method of
Studies, Traffic Studies - Volume, Speed, Travel Time, Capacity and
Intersection survey and analysis, Parking and Accident studies.
Unit : 6 (05)
Travel Demand Estimation & Forecasting: Characteristics of
Highway Travel Demand, Urban (Public & Private Transport) Travel
Demand; Principles of Travel Demand Estimation & Forecasting; 4-
stage Travel Demand Modelling; Category analysis; Applications.
Unit : 7 (04)
Traffic Management: Elements of Traffic Management Plan; Urban
Traffic Management, Arterial Road Traffic Management Measures;
Traffic Signal Designs; Design of Intersections & Rotary; Traffic
Management at Construction Site.
Unit : 8 (06)
Intelligent Transport System: Technology oriented systems area –
Advanced traffic management system, traveller information system
and vehicle control system; Application oriented systems area –
Advanced public transport system, commercial vehicle operation and
rural transport system, benefits of ITS. Case Studies on Urban
Transportation Plans for medium sized cities; Traffic Forecasting for
Highways; Public Transit Demand Forecasting.

Term Work:
1 Field studies on traffic volume at midblock, intersection; O-D
studies; speed studies, spot speed, speed and delay; parking
demand studies, accident studies.

Text books :
1 Kadiyali L.R. and N.B. Lal (2004): Principles and Practice of
Highway Engineering (Including Expressways and Airport
Engineering), Khanna Publishers, New Delhi.
2 Kadiyali L.R. (1994): Traffic Engineering and Transport Planning,
Khanna Publishers, New Delhi.
3 Partha Chakroborty and Animesh Das (2003): Principles of
Transportation Engineering, Prentice-Hall India, New Delhi.
Year 2010‐2011 Page 28

Reference books :
1 Black John (1981): Urban Transportation Planning. Croom Helm
Ltd. London.
2 BPR (1970): Urban Transportation Planning: General Information
and Introduction to System 360. Bureau of Public Roads,
Washington D.C.
3 Bruton M.J. (1975): Introduction to Transportation Planning. II
Edn. Hutchinson, London
4 Drew D.R. (1968): Traffic Flow Theory and Control, McGraw-Hill,
New York.
5 Hutchinson B.G. (1974): Principles of Urban Transport Systems
Planning. McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York.
6 McShane W.R. and Roess R.P. (1990): Traffic Engineering,
Prentice-Hall Inc., New Jersey
7 Pignataro L.J. (1973): Traffic Engineering: Theory and Practice,
Prentice-Hall Inc., New Jersey.
8 Putman S.H. (1983): Integrated Urban Models. Pion Ltd., London.
9 Wilson A.G. (1970): Entropy in Urban and Regional Modelling.
Pion Ltd., London
10 Wells G.R. (1970): Traffic Engineering – An Introduction, Griffins,
London.
11 Wohl M. and Martin B.V. (974): Traffic System Analysis of
Engineers and Planners, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York.
12 www.nhai.org


B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-I SEM-VII
ELECTIVE - I
ADVANCED ENGINEERING GEOLOGY

Teaching Scheme
Lecture : 3 hrs/Week
Practical : 2 hrs/Week
Examination Scheme
Theory Paper: 100 Marks
Term Work : 25 marks
Oral Exam : 25 marks

SECTION- I

Unit : 1 STRATIGRAPHY AND INDIAN GEOLOGY (05)
Scope, Geological Time scale, Physiographic divisions of India,
General study of important geological formations of India viz;
Vindhyan, Gondwana system and Deccan traps and its Civil
engineering significance.
Unit : 2 SEISMIC ACTIVITY OF DECCAN TRAP
REGION (06)
Continental Drift and plate Tectonics, Seismic zones of world,
Seismic activity of Deccan trap region, Theories on origin of the
seismic activity, Reservoir induced seismicity. Nature and
characteristics of seismic activity. Tectonic nature of seismic activity
of deccan trap region, Prediction of earthquake. Earthquake proof
constructions. Numerical problems based on seismic data
Unit : 3 SUBSURFACE EXPLORATION (04)
Various steps in the geological studies of project site, Engineering
consideration of structural features like dip, strike, joints, fractures,
faults, folds, dyke etc. Exploratory drilling—observations,
preservation and limitations, core logging, Graphical representation,
Bore hole problems.
Unit : 4 SUBSURFACE WATER (05)
Groundwater--origin, zones of subsurface water, aquifer—
parameters and types, Darcy’s law, regional problems in ground
water, water bearing capacity of common rocks, springs, hot springs
and geysers, Artesian wells, cone of depression and its significance
in civil Engineering, Natural and artificial recharge of aquifers,
Saline water intrusions - control and prevention.

SECTION- II

Unit : 5 ENGINEERING GEOLOGY OF DECCAN
TRAPS (06)
Types of basalts and their engineering characteristics, Compact and
amygdaloidal basalt as construction material, Tail channel erosion
problem in Deccan Trap region, Suitability of basalts from tunneling
point of view. Problems due to columnar basalt, dykes, red bole,
tachylitic basalt, Volcanic breccia and fractures, Laterites-Origin,
occurrence and engineering aspects. Ground water bearing capacity
of the rocks of Deccan Trap region, Percolation tanks, Geological
conditions suitable and unsuitable for construction of percolation
tanks.
Unit : 6 GEOLOGY OF SOIL FORMATIONS (03)
Soil genesis, Geological classification of soils, characteristics of soils
derived from different types of rocks. Nature of alluvium and sand of
the rivers of Deccan Trap region, Scarcity of sand in Deccan Trap
area.
Unit : 7 GEOPHYSICS (05)
Geophysical methods--- Basic principles of seismic, magnetic
gravitational and electrical resistivity methods, Use of electrical
resistivity method using Wenner configuration in Civil Engineering
problems such as--i) Finding out the thickness of over burden and
depth of hard rock, ii) Locating the spot for ground water.
Numerical problems.
Unit : 8 RESOURCE ENGINEERING (03)
Renewable and non renewable resources, Coal and Petroleum--
genesis, occurrence and reservoir in India, Geothermal energy.
Unit : 9 ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY (03)
Scope, geological causes of environmental pollution, effects on
human being, affected areas in Maharashtra and India, global
warming, environmental implications of dam, road and canal
construction.

Term Work:
The term work shall consist of the laboratory work based upon
following syllabus.
1 Study of geological map of Maharashtra state and India..
2 Study of Civil Engineering aspects of important rock types.
3 Microscopic study of rocks and minerals.
Year 2010‐2011 Page 31
4 Three point problems.
5 Core logging of exploring drill hole.
6 Study and constructions of sections based upon drill holes data.
7 Completion of outcrop on contoured geological map and drawing a
section of it.
8 Use of electrical resistivity method for determining depth of
bedrock or groundwater.
9 Problems on confined and unconfined aquifers.
10 Education tour to the projects to study engineering geological
aspects

Reference books :
1 Geology of India and Burma – M. S. Krishnan, Higginbothams Pvt
Ltd;
2 Groundwater Hydrology by Tood D. K.-John Wiley& Son. New York
3 Groundwater- C.F. Tolman. McGraw Hill Co.
4 A Text Book of Engineering Geology-By R. B. Gupte-Pune
Vidyarthi Griha Prakashan, Punev)
5 India’s Mineral Resources - S. Krishnaswamy. Oxford & I.B.H. Co.
6 Koyana Earthquake Journal (1968) Indian Geophysics Uni.
7 Engineering Geology for Civil Engineers- By Dr. D. V. Reddy.
8 Introduction to Rock Mechanics by Verma B. P., Khanna Publisher
Delhi.
9 Engineering Geology –By B. S. Sathya, Narayanswami.
10 A Text book of Applied Engineering Geology- By M.T.Maruthesha
Reddy, New Age International Publishers,New Delhi.
11 Environmental Geology,-Indian Context By K.S. Valdia, TMcGH
Publishing company Ltd. New Delhi.


B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-I SEM-VII
ELECTIVE - I
OPEN CHANNEL HYDRAULICS

Teaching Scheme
Lecture : 3 hrs/Week
Practical : 2 hrs/Week
Examination Scheme
Theory Paper: 100 Marks
Term Work : 25 marks
Oral Exam : 25 marks

SECTION- I

Unit : 1 (05)
Basic Fluid Flow Concepts: Classification of open channels and
O.C.F., Basic equations (Continuity, Energy, Momentum) , Energy
and Momentum coefficients, Specific energy and Critical depth
,Establishment of Uniform flow in open channels, Uniform flow
formulae, Section factor and conveyance factor, First and Second
hydraulic exponent , Uniform flow computations
Unit : 2 (05)
Non-Uniform Flow in Open Channel: Types of Non-Uniform flow,
Governing equation for GVF, Characteristics and classification of
surface curves, Computation of GVF in prismatic channels,
Hydraulic jump in rectangular channels (Types and characteristics),
Jump on sloping floor, Jump in non-rectangular channels ,Use of
jump as Energy Dissipater, Spatially-Varid Flow, Side weir, Bottom
racks
Unit : 3 (05)
Flow in Non-linear alignment Channels: Nature of Flow, Spiral
Flow, Energy Loss, Superelevation, Cross Waves, Design
Considerations for Subcritical flow, Design Considerations for
Supercritical flow
Unit : 4 (05)
Flow Through Non-prismatic Channel Sections: Transitions and
contractions in open channel flow, Subcritical flow through sudden
transitions and constrictions, Contractions and Expansions in
Supercritical flow, Standing wave flume, Flow between bridge piers,
Flow through culvert, Flow through Trash Racks.
Year 2010‐2011 Page 33

SECTION- II

Unit : 5 (05)
Unsteady Flow in Open Channels: Gradually Varid Unsteady Flow,
Waves and their classification, Celerity of a wave, Rapidly Varid
Flow, Surges, Positive and negative Surges, Surges in Power Canals,
Dam-break problem
Unit : 6 (05)
Dispersion in Open Channels: Diffusion and dispersion, Governing
equations, Some classical solutions of the diffusion equation,
Dispersion and diffusion coefficients, Discharge measurement using
tracer techniques, discharge of hot water into rivers
Unit : 7 (05)
Hydraulics of Mobile Bed Channels: Initiation of motion of
sediment, Bed forms, Sediment Load, Method of permissible velocity
and Critical Tractive Force Approach to design Erodible Channels,
Regime Theory for Alluvial Channels
Unit : 8 (05)
Hydraulic Models: Fixed bed river models (Distorted and
Undistorted), Moveable bed Models, Model materials and
construction, Physical model calibration and verification, Special-
Purpose models
Term Work:
1 At least one assignment based on each unit.

Reference books :
1 Open Channel Hydraulics: By, Ven Te Chow, McGraw-Hill
International Editions
2 Open Channel Hydraulics: By, Richard H. French, McGraw-Hill
International Student Edition
3 Flow Through Open Channels: By, K. G. RangaRaju, Tata Mc
Graw Hill Publsh. Co. Ltd.
4 Flow in Open Channels: By, K. G. RangaRaju, Tata Mc Graw Hill
Publsh. Co. Ltd.
5 Open-Channel Flow: By, M. Hanif Chaudhary, Prentice-Hall
International Publications

B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-I SEM-VII
ELECTIVE - I
HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT

Teaching Scheme
Lecture : 3 hrs/Week
Practical : 2 hrs/Week
Examination Scheme
Theory Paper: 100 Marks
Term Work : 25 marks
Oral Exam : 25 marks

SECTION- I

Unit : 1 (06)
Introduction – History of HRD, Objectives, Functions, HRD in
Construction industry, status of construction labor.
Unit : 2 (07)
Human Resource Planning – Formulating human Resource plans,
various methods, job analysis, job specifications and job design in
construction projects, forecasting personal needs and supply in
construction sector.
Unit : 3 (07)
Recruitment & selection – selecting project manager & project team,
external & internal recruitment. Data gathering methods, skill
requirement of construction personnel.

SECTION- II

Unit : 4 (06)
Training & Development: The training Process, Individual and
organizational development, change management, performance
appraisal, use of performance appraisal information establishing the
evaluation system.
Unit : 5 (07)
Employee Benefits: Employee health and safety , wage and salary
administration, incentive system, wages of construction industry,
retirement and pensions.
Unit : 6 (07)
Employee Management Relations : Collective Bargaining ,basic
unions connected with construction & construction industry , trade
unions act, labor welfare act, ,payment of wages act ,workers
compensation act ,contract labor act management of conflicts.
Year 2010‐2011 Page 35

Term Work:
1 At least one assignment based on each unit.

Reference books :
1 Human resource management Subbarao
2 Personnel & Human resource Management – C.B. Mamoria
3 Human Resource Management— Ashwathapa
4 International Human Resource Management--- Gary Diesler

B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-I SEM-VII
ELECTIVE - I
PROJECT APPRAISAL

Teaching Scheme
Lecture : 3 hrs/Week
Practical : 2 hrs/Week
Examination Scheme
Theory Paper: 100 Marks
Term Work : 25 marks
Oral Exam : 25 marks

SECTION- I

Unit : 1 (06)
Identification of needs, present availability, additional requirements,
alternatives and their comparative study, project identification.
Unit : 2 (06)
Technical analysis market and demand analysis, project location
resource requirement and their fulfillment technology, know how
requirements technical study of alternatives and their suitability.
Unit : 3 (06)
Financial analysis interest, compounding and discounting,
investment and capital outlay cash flow of the project and its
significance profit, Probability and break even analysis, internal rate
of return, of shadow pricing benefit cost ratio, influence of inflation
on profitability influence of inflation and escalation on the projects.

SECTION- II

Unit : 4 (05)
Social cost benefit analysis, objectives, direct – indirect costs and
benefits – tangibles, intangibles and their conversion, levy subsidy
concepts
Unit : 5 (08)
Appraisal : criteria and selection from alternatives, discounting nondiscounting
criteria selection under capital restriction, social
restriction and other restriction risk analysis, sensitivity analysis,
application of decision tree analysis and game theory.
Unit : 6 (05)
Project administration organization and control during execution
period maintenance and care taker operational set up, project
management after completion. Preparation of project report and
Year 2010‐2011 Page 37
norms and its presentation. Definition of entrepreneurship and
entrepreneur qualities.

Term Work:
1 Term work consists of Preparation and Submission of a detailed
project report of anyone of the civil engineering projects like lift
irrigation, irrigation, bridge, water supply, housing complex, road
etc.

Reference books :
1 Water resources Project Economics – Kuiper
2 Project Preparation, Appraisal, Budgeting and implementation –
Prasanna Chandra
3 Cost Benefit Analysis – E. J. Mishan
4 The Practice of Entrepreneurship – Geoffery G. Meredith R. E.
Nelson and P. A.

B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-I SEM-VII
ELECTIVE - I
SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

Teaching Scheme
Lecture : 3 hrs/Week
Practical : 2 hrs/Week
Examination Scheme
Theory Paper: 100 Marks
Term Work : 25 marks
Oral Exam : 25 marks

SECTION- I

Unit : 1 (05)
Solid waste management: Definition, objectives, effects, Functional
outlines of solid waste, sources, types, refuse analysis, composition
and quantity of refuse
Unit : 2 (08)
Generation rate, Factors affecting generation rate, different methods
of collection, collection systems, Storage, transfer and transportation
of refuse, economic aspects of refuse collection & transport.
Unit : 3 (04)
Source Reduction, segregation and salvage, recovery of bye –
products, use of solid waste as raw materials in industry, recycling
of solid waste.
Unit : 4 (03)
Introduction to Biomedical waste management, Hazardous waste
management and Agricultural & animal waste management.

SECTION- II

Unit : 5 (06)
Introduction, components of landfilling, types of lanfilling, site
selection, construction techniques, maintenance and precautions,
leachate and its control, control of contamination of ground water,
Operation monitoring ,Closure & end-use.
Unit : 6 (06)
Theory of composting, types of composting, factors governing
composting, processing before composting, mechanical composting
plant, recovery of Bio – gas energy from organic solid waste.
Year 2010‐2011 Page 39
Unit : 7 (06)
Theory and types of incinerators, location planning, aspect, Effect of
feed, composition, rate, temperature and air supply, Design of
incineration plant, pyrolysis and its by-products, Energy recovery,
Air pollution and its control.
Unit : 8 (02)
Solid waste management rules, Status of solid waste management in
India

Term Work:
Part A
1 Assignment on each unit
Part B
1 Analysis of solid waste- Physical and Chemical
2 Project on Design of Refuse collection & Disposal System for
medium size town/ part of city.

Reference books :
1 Solid Waste Management – Dr. A. D. Bhide
2 Solid Waste Management –Gorge Tchobanoglous
3 Solid Waste Management Hand Book – Pavoni
4 Composting – Gottas
5 Handbook and Solid Waste Disposal – Techabonglaus
6 Manual on Municipal Solid Waste Management by Ministry of
Urban Development of Govt. of India.

B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING
PART-II
SEMESTER-VIII

B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-II SEM-VIII
TOWN PLANNING and TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING
Teaching Scheme
Lectures: 4 Hrs/Week Examination Scheme
Theory Paper: 100 Marks

SECTION- I

Unit : 1 (07)
a) Necessity and scope and principles of Town Planning, Brief history.
(Greek and Roman towns, planning in ancient India - Indus Valley
civilization, Pre- independence, Post independence period. Present
status of town planning in India.
b) Contribution of town planners in modern era such as Sir Patrick
Geddes. Sir Ebenezer Howard. Clarence stein, Sir Patrick
Abercrombie, Le Corbusier.
Unit : 2 (07)
a) Growth pattern of towns-Natural and Planned ,Elements of town,
Types of zoning and importance, Urban roads- traffic problem in
cities, various road networks(Grid iron pattern, shoe string
development ,etc),Surveys of data collection, physical, social,
economic, civic etc. Analysis of data, Town aesthetics, landscape
architecture (Suitability of trees. Treatment of traffic islands, open
spaces, walks ways, public sit-outs, and continuous park system.
Green ways)
b) Layout of residential units, neighborhood unit planning.
Rehabilitation of slum and urban renewal.
Unit : 3 (06)
a) Development control rules with respective to town planning.
b) Different town planning works with reference to M.R.T.P. Act. (Brief
idea about various provisions)
c) Land acquisition act – necessity and procedure of acquisition.
d) Village planning- Necessity and principles.
e) Multilevel planning, Decentralization concepts, Rural developments-
Growth centre approach, Area Development approach, Integrated
rural development approach

SECTION- II

(A) Railway Engineering
Unit : 4 (06)
a) Introduction, Permanent Way : Components, coning of wheels
b) Geometric design: Alignment, gradient, horizontal curves, super
elevation, design problems on above.
c) Points & Crossing: Terms used, standard points and crossings,
design of simple turnout various types of track junctions.
d) Stations and yards: purpose, location, site selection, types and
general layouts of terminus, Junction.
Unit : 5 (06)
a) Signaling and interlocking—Introduction, Construction and
maintenance of railway track: methods, material required per KM of
track, tools and plant used for plate laying, maintenance of Track,
Modern trends in railways.
(B) Bridge Engineering
Unit : 6 (08)
a) Classification of bridges, selection of site, Bridge Hydrology:
determination of design discharge, linear water way, economical
span, location of piers and abutments, afflux, scour depth, design
problems on above topics.
b) Standard specification for bridges: - IRC loads, Railway bridge
loading, forces acting on super structure. Design considerations,
aesthetics of bridge design.
Unit : 7 (08)
a) Types of bridge foundations, Bridge piers, Abutments, Wing walls,
bearings.
b) Construction and maintenance of bridges—Introduction; Recent
trends in bridges.

NOTE (For Paper Setters):
One question from each unit of section I, along with 4th
question consisting of Short Notes, having equal weightage to
1, 2 & 3.
One question for each unit from section II

Reference books :
1 Town and country Planning-G.K. Hiraskar & K. G. Hiraskar, By
Dhanpat Rai Publication (p) Ltd., 22 Ansari Road, Dariyaganj New
Delhi
Year 2010‐2011 Page 43
2 Town and country Planning- N.K. Gandhi
3 Town Planning- S.C.Rangawala, Charotar Publications, Pune
4 MRTP Act 1966
5 Land Acquisition Act - 1894
6 Urban Pattern by Gallion, Eisner
7 Rural development Planning – Design and method : Misra S.N.,
Satvahan Publications New Delhi
8 Economic development in Third world: Todaro Michael, Orient
Longman Publication, New- delhi
9 Bridge Engineering – S.P. Bindra
10 Bridge Engineering – Ponnuswamy S, , Tata Mcgraw Hill
Publications
11 Bridge Construction Practice – Raina
12 Bridge Engineering – John Victor
13 Railway Engineering – K. F. Antia
14 A Course in Railway Engineering - Saxena and Arora, Dhanpat
rai & Sons, New Delhi.

B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-II SEM-VIII
CONSTRUCTION PRACTICES
Teaching Scheme

Lectures: 4 Hrs/Week Examination Scheme
Theory Paper: 100 Marks

SECTION- I

Unit : 1 (14)
a) Introduction –Conceptual planning of new project, site access and
services, mechanical v/s manual construction
b) Excavation in Earth: Earth moving equipments- Tractors,
Bulldozers, Scrappers, Power shovel, Hoes, Simple numerical
problems based on cycle time and production rates.
c) Drag line, Clamshell, Trenchers, Compactors-types and
performance, operating efficiencies, lifting capacities
Year 2010‐2011 Page 44
Unit : 2 (10)
a) Excavation in hard rock: Rippers, jack hammers, drills, compressors
and pneumatic equipments.
b) Blasting explosives, detonators, fuses, Drainage in excavation –
necessity and methods of dewatering.

SECTION- II

Unit : 3 (06)
a) RMC plant, layout and production capacity.
b) Grouting, Shortcreting, under water concreting.
c) Slip formwork
Unit : 4 (09)
a) Prefabricated construction : Relative economy,
b) Steel Construction : Planning and field operations, Erection
equipments
c) Floating and dredging equipments
d) Asphalt mixing and batching plant (Hot mix plant), Sensor Paver for
rigid roads, Crushing plants. Belt conveyers, cableways- Need and
Construction methods.
Unit : 5 (09)
a) Diaphragm Walls: Purpose and Construction methods
b) Introduction to trenchless technology
c) Safety measures in construction, prevention of accidents
d) Introduction to Disaster management

Reference books :
1 Construction planning equipment and methods—R.L. Purifoy
McGraw Hill Book
2 Erection of steel structures--- Thomas Baron
3 Reinforced concrete bridges--- Taylor
4 Construction Equipment – Mahesh Varma Metropotan Book Co.
5 Handbook of Heavy Construction – Stubb
6 Heavy Construction – Planning ,Equipment,methods—Jagman
singh Oxford and IBH Publishers New Delhi


B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-II SEM-VIII
DESIGN OF CONCRETE STRUCTURES-II

Teaching Scheme
Lectures: 4 Hrs/Week
Practical: 2 Hrs/Week
Examination Scheme
Theory Paper: 100 Marks
Term Work: 25 Marks

SECTION- I

Unit : 1 (05)
Limit State of Collapse –Torsion Behavior of R.C. rectangular
sections subjected to torsion, Design of sections subjected to
combined bending and torsion, combined shear and torsion.
Unit : 2 (05)
Limit state Design of two span continuous beams and three span
continuous beams using IS coefficient, concept of moment
redistribution
Unit : 3 (06)
Design of singly and doubly reinforced rectangular beams and slab
by working stress method
Unit : 4 (08)
Design of water tank-design criteria ,permissible stresses, design of
circular water tank resting on ground with flexible and rigid base,
design of rectangular water tank resting on ground by approximate
method

SECTION- II

Unit : 5 (04)
Introduction to prestressed concrete, concepts, systems and
methods of prestressing
Unit : 6 (07)
Analysis of rectangular and I sections, thrust line, cable profiles
Unit : 7 (05)
Losses in prestress, Pre & Post tensioned members
Year 2010‐2011 Page 46
Unit : 8 (08)
Design of rectangular and Symmetrical I sections. concept of end
block, stress distribution in end block

Term Work:
1 At least five design problem from each section covering at least
one from every unit

Reference books :
1 IS: 456-2000
2 IS:1343
3 Limit State Theory & design -Karve& Shah Structures Pub. Pune
4 Reinforced Concrete Design (Limit State) - A.K. Jain
5 Fundamentals of Reinforced Concrete- - Sinha & Roy
6 Limit State Design of Reinforced Concrete - P.C. Varghese,
Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi
7 Reinforced Cement Concrete -B.C. Punmia
8 Handbook of Reinforced Concrete SP-34
9 Prestressed Concrete - T.Y. Lin John Willey &sons Newyark
10 Prestressed Concrete - Sinha & Roy S.Chand & Co. NewDelhi
11 Prestressed Concrete – N Krishna Raju, Tata McGraw-Hill
Publication Company ltd., New Delhi.


B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-II SEM-VIII
STRUCTURAL DESIGN AND DRAWING - II

Teaching Scheme
Drawing: 4 Hrs/Week
Examination Scheme
Term Work: 50 Marks
Oral Exam: 25 Marks
Term work shall consist of detailed design &drawing of the
following R.C. structures by Limit State method.
1 Residential two storied building. (Minimum 120 sqmt.) Drawings
prepared shall indicate ductility details as per the provision in IS:
13920.
2 Any one from the following:
a) Retaining wall (cantilever or counter fort type)
b) Combined footing /raft foundation /pile foundation.

Note:
At least one site visit to be conducted to show the onsite detailing
Exposure to prevailing software for analysis and design is desirable.

B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-II SEM-VIII
PROJECT WORK (PHASE –II)

Teaching Scheme
Work: 6 Hrs/Week
(for batch of 9
Students)

Examination Scheme
Term Work: 75 Marks
Oral Exam: 75 Marks

The project work started in the seventh semester will continue
in this semester. The students will complete the project work in this
semester and present it before the assessing committee.
The term work assessment committee as constituted in the
seventh semester will assess the various projects for the relative
grading and group average. The guides will award the marks for the
individual students depending on the group average. Each group will
submit the copies of the completed project report signed by the
guide to the department. The head of the department will certify the
copies and return them to the students. One copy will be kept in the
departmental library.
For work load calculation minimum load is 2 Hr./week, for one
groups of THREE to FOUR students. (As per AICTE Guide Lines)


Elective II
Advance Concrete design
Design Of Industrial Structure
Analysis and Design of Earthquake Resisting Structure
Structural Design of Foundation and Retaining Structures
Pavement Analysis, Design and Evaluation
Remote sensing applications in civil engineering
Hydrology and Watershed Management
Site investigation methods and practices
Entrepreneurships
Air Pollution & Control

B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-II SEM-VIII
ELECTIVE - II
ADVANCED CONCRETE DESIGN

Teaching Scheme
Lecture : 3 hrs/Week
Practical : 2 hrs/Week
Examination Scheme
Theory Paper: 100 Marks
Term Work : 25 marks
Oral Exam : 25 marks
1. All designs should be based on IS codes

SECTION- I

Unit : 1 (06)
Large span concrete roofs – Classification- Behaviour of Flat slabs-
Direct design and equivalent frame method- Codal provisions
Unit : 2 (06)
Analysis of deep beams- Design as per IS 456-2000
Unit : 3 (08)
Analysis of stresses in concrete chimneys- uncracked and cracked
sections- Codal provisions- Design of chimney

SECTION- II

Unit : 4 (08)
Overhead water tanks- rectangular and circular with flat bottomspherical
and conical tank roofs- staging- Design based on IS 3370
Unit : 5 (06)
Analysis and Design of cantilever and counter fort retaining walls
with horizontal and inclined surcharge
Unit : 6 (06)
Yield line analysis of slabs- virtual work and equilibrium method of
analysis- simply supported rectangular slabs with corners held
down- uniform and concentrated loads- design of simply supported
rectangular and circular slabs

Term Work:
1 At Least TWO Assignments on each unit.

Reference books :
1 Reinforced Concrete Structural Elements- Purushothaman. P,
Tata Mc Graw Hill
2 Design and Construction of Concrete Shell Roofs-
G.S.Ramaswamy
3 Reinforced Concrete – Ashok K Jain, Nem Chand Bros. Roorkee
4 Plain and Reinforced Concrete – Jain & Jaikrishna, Vol. I & II,
Nem Chand Bros. Roorkee
5 Reinforced Concrete Chimneys- Taylor C Pere,
6 Yield Line Analysis of Slabs- Jones L L, Thomas and Hudson
7 Design of deep girders, Concrete Association of India
8 Reinforced Concrete, Mallick & Gupta- Oxford & IBH
9 IS 456-2000
10 IS2210-1998- Criteria for design of reinforced concrete shell
structures and folded plates
11 IS 4998-1998- Criteria for design of reinforced concrete chimneys
12 IS 3370- 1991- Part 1-4- Code of Practice for concrete structures
for the storage of liquids

B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-II SEM-VIII
ELECTIVE - II
DESIGN OF INDUSTRIAL STRUCTURES

Teaching Scheme
Lecture : 3 hrs/Week
Practical : 2 hrs/Week
Examination Scheme
Theory Paper: 100 Marks
Term Work : 25 marks
Oral Exam : 25 marks

SECTION- I

Unit : 1 (06)
Analysis and design of single storey shed, knee braced truss column
structure, various arrangements for gantry columns.
Unit : 2 (06)
Different types of moment resisting bases of columns.
Unit : 3 (06)
Industrial shed using single storey portal frame with and without
gravity. Design of haunches.

SECTION- II

Unit : 5 (07)
Space deck structures. Domes in the form of space trusses, trussed
purlins.
Unit : 6 (06)
Machine foundations, industrial flooring, protection and
maintenance of industrial structures.
Unit : 7 (05)
Open web portal frames.

Term Work:
1 Design and drawing of any two different types of industrial
structures on the basis of topics listed above with use of software
for analysis.

Reference books :
1 Steel Designers Manual: ELBS Low Priced 4th Edition
Year 2010‐2011 Page 53
2 Principles of Space Structures: N. Subramanian
3 Design of steel Structures: Ramchandra Vol. II
4 Advanced Design in Structural Steel: John E. Lothers
5 Relevant IS Special Publications &.I.S. Codes.


B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-II SEM-VIII
ELECTIVE - II
ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF EARTHQUAKE RESISTANT
STRUCTURES

Teaching Scheme
Lecture : 3 hrs/Week
Practical : 2 hrs/Week
Examination Scheme
Theory Paper: 100 Marks
Term Work : 25 marks
Oral Exam : 25 marks

SECTION- I

Unit : 1 (06)
Dynamics of MDOF systems subjected to Earthquake loading:-
Concept of MDOF systems, equations of motion, free-vibrations,
Eigen-value analysis, frequencies and mode-shapes, orthogonality of
modes, proportional damping, rayleigh damping, modal analysis for
earthquake loading, participation factors, modal mass participation
Unit : 2 (06)
Response spectrum analysis of MDOF systems.
Concept of response spectrum analysis as applied to MDOF systems,
modal combination rules, SRSS and CQC methods, response
spectrum analysis using IS:1893, analysis of asymmetrical
buildings, torsional response, accidental eccentricity.
Unit : 3 (06)
Analysis of framed buildings using approximate methods.
Portal and cantilever methods of analysis for lateral loading,
substitute frame methods for vertical loading, determination of
design forces using load combinations of IS:1893.

SECTION- II

Unit : 4 (05)
Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering.
Dynamic soil properties, laboratory and field tests, liquefaction and
its effects, dynamic modeling of soil, soil-structure interaction.
Unit : 5 (06)
Earthquake Resistant Design of Reinforced Concrete members.
Earthquake resistant design philosophy, Design and detailing of RC
members, flexural members, compression members, shear walls,
Year 2010‐2011 Page 55
provisions of IS:13920.
Unit : 6 (05)
Earthquake Resistant Design of Masonry structures.
Behavior of unreinforced and reinforced masonry walls, box-action
and bands, behavior of infill walls in a frame, provisions of IS:4326,
seismic design of masonry buildings, restoration and strengthening
of masonry walls.
Unit : 7 (05)
Modern approaches for Earthquake Resistant Design.
Concepts of active and passive vibration control, Passive control
devices, base-isolation concept and systems, tuned-mass damper,
viscous dampers, metallic dampers, visco-elastic dampers.

Term Work:
1 At Least TWO Assignments on each unit.

Reference books :
1 Dynamics of Structures-Theory and Applications to Earthquake
Engineering by A.K. Chopra – Prentice Hall Publications.
2 Dynamics of Structures by Clough and Penziene – Mc-Graw Hill
Publications.
3 Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering by Steven L. Kramer –
Pearson Education.
4 Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures by S.K.Duggal –
Oxford University Press.
5 Seismic Design of Reinforced and Precast Concrete Buildings by
Robert E. Englekirk – John Wiley Publications.
6 The Seismic Design Handbook by Farzad Naeim – Kluwer
Academic Publishers.
7 Earthquake Resistant Design by D.J.Dowrick – John Wiley
Publications.
8 Passive Energy Dissipation Systems in Structural Engineering by
T.T.Soong and G.F.Dargush.
9 Earthquake Resistant Design using Rubber by James M. Kelly –
Springer Verlag.


B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-II SEM-VIII
ELECTIVE - II
STRUCTURAL DESIGN OF FOUNDATION AND
RETAINING STRUCTURES

Teaching Scheme
Lecture : 3 hrs/Week
Practical : 2 hrs/Week
Examination Scheme
Theory Paper: 100 Marks
Term Work : 25 marks
Oral Exam : 25 marks

SECTION- I

Unit : 1 (07)
Shallow foundations: All types of footings and raft subjected to axial,
eccentric and lateral loads
Unit : 2 (05)
Pile foundations: Types, design and placement
Unit : 3 (08)
Analysis and Design of raft foundation

SECTION- II

Unit : 4 (08)
Well foundations: Elements, forces acting on well, lateral stability
analysis, problems in sinking of wells and remedial measures
Unit : 5 (07)
Retaining Structures: Various types of retaining walls, design of
cantilever and counterfort retaining walls
Unit : 6 (05)
Break Waters: Design and methods of construction

Term Work:
1 At least eight assignments
2 At least site visit on foundation site

Reference books :
1 Winterkorn H.F. and Fang H.Y , “Foundation Engineering Hand
Book” Van Nostand Reinhold Company, 1975
Year 2010‐2011 Page 57
2 B.J. Kasmalkar, “ Foundation Engineering”, Pune Vidyarthi Griha
Prakashan
3 N.V .Naik, “ Foundation Design Manual” Dhanpat Rai and sons
4 J.E. Bowles, “ Foundation Analysis and Design” Tata McGraw Hill
Book Company
5 Poulos, H.G. and Davis, E.H. (1980). “Pile Foundation Analysis
and Design”, John Wiley and Sons, New York.
6 Mohan, Dinesh (1990)., “Pile Foundations”, Oxford & IBH
Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi
7 Swami Saran, “Soil Dynamics and machine foundation”, Galgotia
Publications Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi
8 W. C. Teng, “Foundation Design”, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd.,
New Delhi
9 P. Shrinivasu “ Hand Book of Machine Design” Tata McGraw Hill
Book Company”
10 Ronald F. Scott “Foundation Analysis”, Prentice Hall Inc.,
11 B.C. Punmia, “ Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering”
Laxmi Publications Pvt. Ltd.,New Delhi

B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-II SEM-VIII
ELECTIVE - II
PAVEMENT ANALYSIS, DESIGN AND EVALUATION

Teaching Scheme
Lecture : 3 hrs/Week
Practical : 2 hrs/Week
Examination Scheme
Theory Paper: 100 Marks
Term Work : 25 marks
Oral Exam : 25 marks

SECTION- I

Unit : 1 (05)
Stresses and Deflections in Flexible Pavements: Types and
component parts of pavements, Factors affecting design and
performance of pavements. Comparison of highway and airfield
pavements. Stresses and deflections in homogeneous masses.
Burmister’s two layer theory, three layer and multi layer theories;
wheel load stresses, various factors in traffic wheel loads; ESWL of
multiple wheels. Repeated loads and EWL factors; sustained loads.
Unit : 2 (05)
Flexible Pavement Design Methods for Highways: Empirical,
semi-empirical and theoretical approaches, development, principle,
design steps, advantages and application of the different pavement
design methods including IRC: 37-2001.
Unit : 3 (05)
Stresses in Rigid Pavements: Types of stresses and causes, factors
influencing the stresses; general considerations in rigid pavement
analysis, EWL; wheel load stresses, warping stresses, frictional
stresses, combined stresses.
Unit : 4 (05)
Design of Rigid Pavements: Design of CC pavement for roadway,
Types of joints in cement concrete pavements and their functions,
joint spacing; design of joint details for longitudinal joints,
contraction joints and expansion joints. IRC:58-2002 method of
design, Design of continuously reinforced concrete pavements.

SECTION- II

Unit : 5 (04)
Pavement Maintenance Management: Pavement failures: Failures
in flexible pavement and rigid pavement; Methods of Maintenance of
Year 2010‐2011 Page 59
different types of pavements; Special problems in high rainfall areas
and wet/water logging condition, maintenance of drainage system,
Components of Pavement Management System, Examples of
HDM/RTIM packages.
Unit : 6 (06)
Pavement Evaluation: Visual rating, Pavement Serviceability Index,
Roughness, Skid resistance and Deflection measurements, Use of
modern equipment for pavement surface condition measurements-
Analysis of data, interpretation and application, Functional
evaluation, Structural evaluation of flexible pavements by rebound
deflection method, analysis of data, interpretation and applications,
FWD, and Benkelman Beam Deflection Technique (IRC:81-1997),
Choice and Design of overlay type and pavement materials over
existing flexible and rigid pavements with different degrees of
distress. Rehabilitation and Recycling of bituminous pavement.
Unit : 7 (04)
Structural Design of Airfield Pavements: Design Factors, Basic
Runway Length, Correction for Elevation, Temperature and
Gradient, Runway Geometric design, Design Methods for Airfield
Flexible Pavements: CBR Method, McLeod method, Burmister’s
method, Analytical and Computer aided design, Design Methods for
Airfield Rigid Pavements, LCN System of Pavement design, Design of
Joints in Cement Concrete Pavements.
Unit : 8 (06)
Drainage: Design and construction of surface and sub-surface
drainage system for highways and airports. Drainage materials,
design procedures and IRC Guidelines for Drainage of Urban Roads.

Term Work:
1 At least one assignment based on each unit.

Text books :
1 Kadiyali L.R. and N.B. Lal (2004): Principles and Practice of
Highway Engineering (Including Expressways and Airport
Engineering), Khanna Publishers, New Delhi.
2 Khanna S.K. and C.E.G. Justo (2000): Highway Engineering, Nem
Chand & Bros., Roorkee.
3 Khanna S.K., Arora M.G. and Jain S.S. (1997): Airport Planning
and Design, Nem Chand and Bros., Roorkee.
4 Partha Chakroborty and Animesh Das (2003): Principles of
Transportation Engineering, Prentice-Hall India, New Delhi.


Reference books :
1 Horonjeff Robert: The Planning and Design of Airports, McGraw
Hill Co., New York.
2 IRC: 76-1979 – Tentative Guidelines for Structural Strength
Evaluation of Rigid Airfield Pavement, IRC, New Delhi.
3 IRC: 85-1983 – Code of Practice for Accelerated Strength Testing
and Evaluation of Concrete Road and Air field Constructions,
IRC, New Delhi.
4 IRC: 58-2002 (Second Revision) – Guidelines for the Design of
Rigid Pavements for Highways, IRC, New Delhi.
5 IRC: 37-2001 – Guidelines for the Design of Flexible Pavements
for Highways, IRC, New Delhi.
6 Yang H. Huang (1993): Pavement Analysis and Design, Prentice-
Hall.
7 Yoder E.J. and Witczak M.W. (1975): Principles of Pavement
Design, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York.


B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-II SEM-VIII
ELECTIVE - II
REMOTE SENSING APPLICATIONS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

Teaching Scheme
Lecture : 3 hrs/Week
Practical : 2 hrs/Week
Examination Scheme
Theory Paper: 100 Marks
Term Work : 25 marks
Oral Exam : 25 marks

SECTION- I

Unit : 1 (03)
Introduction: Definition, History, Types of satellites based upon
uses, Programs of different countries, India’s position, etc. Scope-
Various fields of applications, Users in India, Requirements of users.
Unit : 2 (04)
Space System: Technique of aerial photography, Photographic flight
mission, Factors influencing flight mission, Cameras, Types of films,
Prints and diapositives, Numbering of aerial photographs,
Procurement of aerial photographs. Technique of satellite
photography - Important units of satellite and functioning of
satellite, height, formant and coverage, Stages in remote sensing,
Electromagnetic radiation, and electromagnetic spectrum,
Interaction of electromagnetic radiation with earth surface, Sensors
used in remote sensing.
Unit : 3 (04)
Ground System: Photo-interpretation equipments-pocket and mirror
stereoscope, parallax bar, multi-spectral additive colour viewer,
image analyzer etc. General information on aerial photographs and
satellite pictures-format, fudicial marks, principal point, front and
side overlap, flight gap etc. Repetitive coverage of satellite pictures.
Advantages, disadvantages of aerial photographs, satellite pictures
and toposheets,
Unit : 4 (02)
Computer Analysis : Introduction to the application of computer in
detailed analysis of satellite pictures, Pixel, Computer compatible
tapes.
Unit : 5 (05)
Geomorphology : Geomorphology and its scope in photo
interpretation as well as in engineering, Drainage analysis, Drainage
patterns, Drainage density and Drainage frequency. Landforms
Year 2010‐2011 Page 62
associated with igneous, secondary and metamorphic rocks, Land
forms developed due to structural features like dip strike, fractures,
faults, folds etc.

SECTION- II

Unit : 6 (04)
Interpretation : Determination of scale of aerial photographs and
satellite pictures, Determination of height and slopes, Stereoscopic
exaggeration, Aerial mosaics, types of mosaics, Advantages and
limitation of mosaics, Annotation of mosaics, Photo recognition
elements such as tone, texture, pattern shape, size associated etc.
Lineaments and types of lineaments. Factors affecting aerial photo
interpretation, Effect of scale on interpretation, Colour aerial
photographs
Unit : 7 (05)
Applications in Geology : Lithological interpretation. Recognizing
igneous, secondary and metamorphic rocks on aerial photographic
and satellite pictures. Structural interpretation. Determination of
strike, dip and amount of dip, study of joints, fractures, faults,
dykes, folds and unconformity etc.
Unit : 8 (03)
Application in water Resources Studies: Surface water delineation,
study of floods, snow field studies, surface keys for subsurface
water. Delineation of these keys on aerial photographs, Steps in
water investigations of the area. Separating areas with subsurface
water potential.
Unit : 9 (03)
Application in Environmental Studies: Land use study, Terrain
analysis, and soil mapping with the help of remote sensing
techniques, Applications in delincating forest areas. Study of
damage detection. Density classification study, Meteorological
interpretation.
Unit : 10 (03)
Application in Civil Engineering : In the study and selection of site
for hydraulic structures, Application in locating construction
material. Deleniation of sand, alluvium etc. Use in Landslide,
Application in transportation engineering.

Term Work:
The term work shall consist of the laboratory work based upon
following syllabus.
Year 2010‐2011 Page 63
Preliminary study of aerial photographs and satellite pictures,
Overlap study, Determination of scale of aerial photograph and
satellite pictures, Determination of elevations of different points with
the help of mirror stereoscope and parallax bar. Study of drainage
density, drainage frequency etc. Delineation of igneous rock
formations, secondary rock formations, metamorphic rock
formation. Soil studies, study of fractures, faults, dykes,
unconformities and folds, etc. Preparation of geological map. Ground
truth data collection.
The oral examination based upon above syllabus of the term work.

Reference books :
1 American Society of Photogrammetry Washington D. C. Manual of
Photographic Interpretation. (1960)
2 American Society of Photogrammetry Washington D. C. Manual of
Remote sensing. (1975)
3 Photogeology and Regional Mapping – J. A. E. Allum Fergaman
Press, London.
4 Photogeology - V. C. Millar, McGraw Hills.
5 Remote Sensing, Principles and Interpretation –F. F. Sabins, W.
H. Freeman &co.
6 Principles of Geomorphology – W. D. Thornbury – John Wiley and
Sons, INC.
7 Deciphering of Groundwater from aerial photographs – K. E.
Nefedov and T. A. Popova, Oxford and TMH Co.
8 Remote sensing in Civil Engineering – T. J. M. Kennie and M. C.
Mathews, Surry University press, London.
9 Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation- Thomas M. Liillesand
and R.W. Kiefer, Wiley & Sons Insc.
10 Remote Sensing of the Environment – John R. Jensen, Pearson
Education Inc
11 Principles of Remote Sensing- P.N.Patel and Surendra Singh,
Scientific Publishers, Jodhapur.
12 Text book on Remote Sensing –C.S.Agrawal and P.K.Garg,Wheeler
Publishing, New-Delhi.
13 Basics of Remote Sensing and GIS –Drt. S.Kumar, Laxmi
publications (P) Ltd. New- Delhi.
14 Fundamental of Remote Sensing- Gorge Goseph, University Press
(India) Pvt. Ltd.,
15 Remote Sensing Principles and Applications-Dr. B. C. Panda, Viva
Books Pvt. Ltd

B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-II SEM-VIII
ELECTIVE - II
HYDROLOGY AND WATERSHED MANAGEMENT

Teaching Scheme
Lecture : 3 hrs/Week
Practical : 2 hrs/Week
Examination Scheme
Theory Paper: 100 Marks
Term Work : 25 marks
Oral Exam : 25 marks

SECTION- I

Unit : 1 (06)
Runoff and River Gauging
Estimation of Runoff by Curve Number Method, Rational Method
and using Empirical formulas, Stage –Discharge Measurement,
Runoff Simulation Models ( HEC)
Unit : 2 (07)
Design Flood
Definition and causes of Floods, Design Flood and its Importance,
Estimation of Design Flood in Gauged and Ungauged Catchments,
Flood Frequency Analysis, Rainfall Intensity-Duration and
Frequency Relationships
Unit : 3 (07)
Flood Routing
Inflow-Outflow Relationship, Hydrologic Channel Routing,
Hydrologic Reservoir Routing, Flood Routing Machines, Flood
Forecasting, Flood Control Measures

SECTION- II

Unit : 5 (07)
Soil Erosion and Conservation
Soil erosion Agents, Types of soil erosion due to water, Estimation of
Soil Erosion by Soil Loss Models, Sediment Outflow Models, Bed
Load Models and Sedimentation Models of water storage structures
Soil Conservation Practices Erosion Control Structures for
Agricultural and Nonagricultural Lands (viz. Contouring, Bunds
Terraces, Gully Control Structures etc.)
Unit : 6 (07)
Water Harvesting
Watershed: Concept and Characteristics, Elements of Watershed
Year 2010‐2011 Page 65
Management, Watershed Models, Water Conservation / Harvesting
Measures through Appropriate Technology viz. Contour Methods,
Check Dams, Ponds, Rooftop Rainwater Harvesting etc. Integrated
Water Resources management, Conjunctive Use, Groundwater
Recharge, Application of Remote Sensing and GIS
Unit : 7 (06)
River Basin Management
Types of Rivers and their characteristics, Indian rivers and their
classification, Behavior of Rivers, River Regime theory, Meandering,
Control and Training of Rivers
River Basin Systems, Actions Causing Disturbance in Stream
System and Their Impacts, Environmental Effects of Hydraulic
Structures, Water Quality in Reservoirs, Stream Pollution, River
Action Plans, Stream Restoration

Term Work:
1 At least 2 assignments based on each unit
2 Field visit to river-gauging site
3 Preparing Watershed Management Report

Reference books :
1 Hydrology and Soil Conservation Engineering: By, Ghashyam Das
(Prentice-Hall India)
2 Irrigation Engineering (Including Hydrology): By, R.K.Sharma,
T.K. Sharma (S.Chand)
3 Hydrology- Principles, Analysis, Design: By H.M.Raghunath
(Wiley Eastern Limited)
4 Manual of Soil and Water Conservation Practices: By Gurmel
Singh, VenkatRaman G.Sastry, B.P.Joshi (Oxford and IBH)
5 Watershed management: By, J.V.S. Murthy. (New Age
International Pubishers)
6 River Morphology: By, R.J. Garde. (New Age International
Pubishers)
7 Water Resources Engineering: By Ralph A. Wurbs and Wesley P.
James (Prentice-Hall India)

B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-II SEM-VIII
ELECTIVE - II
SITE INVESTIGATION METHODS AND PRACTICES

Teaching Scheme
Lecture : 3 hrs/Week
Practical : 2 hrs/Week
Examination Scheme
Theory Paper: 100 Marks
Term Work : 25 marks
Oral Exam : 25 marks

SECTION- I

Unit : 1 (06)
Objections, site investigation in Civil Engineering process, problem
solving and various stages in site investigation process, Planning
and Desk Study - topographic maps, aerial photographs,
applications in site investigation and interpretation of aerial
photographs, Geological maps, soil and planning maps, site
reconnaissance and local enquiries.
Unit : 2 (07)
Geological methods - different stages, Geological exploration
methods - General principle distribution of physical field in
subsurface - Electrical resistivity, Seismic refraction methods, their
principle, methods of survey, correction to field data, Interpretation
and limitations. Index and Mechanical properties of rocks,
Laboratory and insitu tests
Unit : 3 (07)
Trial pits, shafts, tunnels, auguring, and different types of drilling
methods, their merits and demerits, Bore hole logging techniques
(subsurface geophysical exploration) - Need for logging techniques,
classification and different types logging methods.

SECTION- II

Unit : 4 (05)
Soil Exploration methods, samples, sampling procedure, sample
disturbances, samplers, Factors controlling spacing and depth of
bore hole,
Unit : 5 (06)
Insitu tests, SPT, SCPT, Pressure meter tests, interpretation and
application, Laboratory testing, Index properties.
Year 2010‐2011 Page 67
Unit : 6 (09)
Technical Report writing, report format, recommendations for earth
work structures, highway excavations and drainage works, dams,
check report site preparation, investigation during construction and
operation.

Term Work:
1 At least 2 assignments based on each unit.

Text Books:
1 Joyce, M.D. ‘Site Investigation Practice;, ESFN. SPON Publishers,
1982.

Reference books :
1 Waste Water Engineering Metcalf Eddy Mc Graw Hill
Publications.
2 Industrial Waste Treatment Nelson Meneroo
3 Industrial Waste Treatment Rao & Datta

B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-II SEM-VIII
ELECTIVE - II
ENTREPRENEURSHIP

Teaching Scheme
Lecture : 3 hrs/Week
Practical : 2 hrs/Week
Examination Scheme
Theory Paper: 100 Marks
Term Work : 25 marks
Oral Exam : 25 marks

SECTION- I

Unit : 1 (07)
Entrepreneurship: Definition entrepreneur and enterprise, need and
scope of entrepreneurship, traits of an entrepreneur, present
scenario of Indian industry and the place of SSI with respect to
entrepreneurship, SWOT analysis for selection of business
opportunities, Barriers for self growth.
Unit : 2 (06)
Small scale industries policy resolutions since independence major
features only small medium and large scale industry. Tiny industries
procedures and formalities to be done to start a SSI, Infrastructure
of SSI, special scheme for technical entrepreneurs, whom to
approach for what?
Introduction to industries developing agencies, financial, technical,
marketing such as DST, DIC, SFC, SIDBE, SSICD, SISI, ICICI export
promotion councils, banks, technical consultancy organizations etc.
and their role.
Unit : 3 (07)
Selection of product: Criteria for selection of product for SSI, market
survey techniques, marketing viability of the product, typical areas
of civil engineering.

SECTION- II

Unit : 4 (07)
Finance and accountancy: working capital and fixed capital
assessment incentives from financial institutions and government,
financial ratios, their significance, break even analysis cash flow
charts financial statements.
Unit : 5 (07)
Year 2010‐2011 Page 69
Project report: Preliminary and final project report preparation,
financial technical commercial and economic viability project
implementation process project profiles.
Unit : 6 (06)
Introduction to marketing management sale and sales promotion.
Industrial and commercial tax laws (major features only). Motivation
risk and its analysis goal setting decision making. Communication
skills effective communication and barriers. Subject may be taught
with respect to suitable case studies and industrial visits. Audio
video films shall be used on the above topics.

Term Work:
1 Preparation of preliminary and final project report of anyone
small scale industry from civil engineering field. Report based on
two industrial visits.

Reference books :
1 Planning and Industrial Unit by Jay Narayan Vyas Published by
Granth Vitran, 101, Shreyas, Opp. Jain Temple Near
Navrangpura Bus Stop, Navrangpura, Ahmedabad 380 009
2 The Practice of Entrepreneurship – Geoffery G. Meredith R. E.
Nelson and P. A. Neck, Published by International Labour Office,
CH 1211, Geneva 22, Switzerland
3 Small Scale Industry Handbook – Jay Narayan Vyas, Published
by Granthvitaran, Ahmedabad
4 Financing an industrial Unit – Jay Narayan Vyas & Dilip Patel,
Published by Granthvitaran Ahmedabad
5 Entrepreneurship Development Vol. I, II & III – Vasant Desai
Published by Himalaya publishing house, Ramdoot Dr. Bhalerao
Marg, Girgaon, Mumbai – 400 004
6 Entrepreneurship for the Nineties – Gordon B. Baty published by
Prentice Hall Inc. College Technical Reference by Granthvitaran
7 Procedure and Formalities for Foreign Collaboration and
Technology Transfer in India – Jay Narayan Vyas Published by
Granthvitaran
8 Self-made Impact making Entrepreneurs – published by
Entrepreneurship Development, Institute of India Bhat. P. O.
Chandkhed, Dist. – Gandhinagar
9 Entrepreneurship – Government of India and Government of India
publications (MCED)
10 Entrepreneurship reports – published by EDI, Ahmedabad

B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-II SEM-VIII
ELECTIVE - II
AIR POLLUTION AND CONTROL

Teaching Scheme
Lecture : 3 hrs/Week
Practical : 2 hrs/Week
Examination Scheme
Theory Paper: 100 Marks
Term Work : 25 marks
Oral Exam : 25 marks

SECTION- I

Unit : 1 (03)
The structure of the atmosphere, Definition and Scope of Air
Pollution, Scales of air pollution
Unit : 2 (05)
Sources of air pollution : natural and artificial, Classification of
pollutant, quantity and composition of particulate & gaseous
pollutant, Units of measurements
Unit : 3 (06)
Effect of different air pollutants on man, animals, vegetation,
property, aesthetic value and visibility, air pollution Episodes.
Unit : 4 (06)
The meteorology and air pollution: Different Meteorological factors &
there effect, lapse rate and stability of atmosphere, inversion
phenomenon, precipitation & its relation to scavenging pollutants in
the air, wind patterns, direction, velocity and fluctuations, models of
diffusions and dispersion plume behavior, stack height design.

SECTION- II

Unit : 5 (05)
Air pollution monitoring and regulatory control, Ambient Air quality
standards, emission limits, ambient air & stack sampling,
equipment for ambient air and stack sampling, methods of
sampling, pollution monitoring of existing sources and new
installations.
Unit : 6 (04)
Chemistry of air pollution, chain reactions of hydrocarbons, nitrogen
oxides, sulphuric oxides and intermediates, photochemical smog
Year 2010‐2011 Page 71
formation, aerosols, fog, smog index.
Unit : 7 (06)
Control of pollutant emission at source, alternative fuels, process
change, removal methods for particulate, principles of particulate
removals, various types of particulate control equipments, setting
chamber, cyclone separators and scrubbers, fabric filters,
electrostatic precipitators.
Unit : 8 (05)
a) Principles of removal of gaseous pollutants, design of incineration,
absorption adsorption systems. Vehicular pollution, composition,
quantity & control.
b) Status of air pollution in India, air pollution control act and strategy
for effective control of air pollution.

Term Work:
1 Assignment/ Problems on Air Pollution.
2 Sampling & Analysis of Ambient Air.
3 Sampling & Analysis of Automobile exhaust.
4 Demonstration of stack gas monitoring

Reference books :
1 Air Pollution – Wark and Warner
2 Air Pollution – Martin Crawford
3 Air Pollution and Industry – R. D. Ross
4 Air Pollution – Rao and Rao
5 Environmental engineering –By Peavy & Powe.
6 Air Pollution – Stern
Year 2010‐2011 Page 72

Elective III
Advance Prestressed Concrete Design
Design of Bridges
Dynamics of Structure
Ground Improvement
Project Planning, Economics and Financing
Rock Mechanics
Water Power Engineering
Advance Construction Techniques
Optimization technique
Industrial Waste Treatment

B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-II SEM-VIII
ELECTIVE - III
ADVANCE PRESTRESSED CONCRETE DESIGN

Teaching Scheme
Lecture : 3 hrs/Week
Examination Scheme
Theory Paper: 100 Marks

SECTION- I

Unit : 1 (07)
a) Analysis and design of beams - Rectangular, flanged and I sections,
for Limit State of flexure, ultimate flexural strength,
recommendations of I.S. codes.
b) Analysis and design of end blocks in post tensional members -
primary and secondary distribution zones, Bursting and spalling
tensions.
Unit : 2 (07)
a) Shear strength of prestressed concrete beams - mode of failure in
beams, recommendations of I.S. code, ultimate shear strength of
concrete, Design of shear reinforcement.
b) Deflection and bond in prestressed concrete.
Unit : 3 (06)
a) Analysis and design of continuous (upto two spans) and fixed
beams. Elastic analysis, secondary moments, concordant cable,
linear transformations

SECTION- II

Unit : 4 (06)
Analysis and design of prestressed concrete structures such as
concrete pipes and Sleepers.
Unit : 5 (06)
Analysis and design of portal frames, single storey and limited to two
bays (fixed and hinged)
Unit : 6 (08)
Design of prestressed concrete bridges (simply supported) for I.R.C.
loadings or equivalent uniformly distributed loads.

Reference books :
1 Guyon Y. : Prestressed Concrete, Vol. I & II, John Wiley and
Sons, New York.
2 Krishna Raju, N. : Prestressed Concrete, Tata McGraw Hill Pub.
Company, New Delhi.
3 Lin, T. Y. : Prestressed Concrete, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi.
4 Dayaratnam, P. : Prestressed Concrete Structures.

B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-II SEM-VIII
ELECTIVE - III
DESIGN OF BRIDGES

Teaching Scheme
Lecture : 3 hrs/Week
Examination Scheme
Theory Paper: 100 Marks

SECTION- I

Unit : 1 (04)
Components of bridges, Classification, importance of bridges,
Investigation for Bridges.
Unit : 2 (06)
Standard specification for Road Bridges. I.R.C. bridge code, width of
carriage way, clearances, loads to be considered i.e. D.L., L.L.,
Impact load, wind load, Earthquake load, Longitudinal force,
Centrifugal force, buoyancy, Earth pressure, water current force,
thermal force etc.
Unit : 3 (10)
General design considerations. For R.C.C. & P.S.C. bridges. Traffic
aspects for highway bridges. Aesthetics of bridge design, Relative
costs of bridge components. Design of reinforced concrete, deck slab,
Pigeaud’s theory, beam and slab and T – beam, Courbon’s theory.

SECTION- II

Unit : 4 (07)
Construction Techniques – Construction of sub structure footing,
piles, cassions, construction of reinforced earth retaining wall and
reinforced earth abutments, super structure – erection method for
bridge deck construction by cantilever method, Inspection
maintenance and repair of bridges.
Unit : 5 (08)
Design of sub structure – abutments, Piers, approach slab.
Unit : 6 (05)
Bearing and expansion joints – forces on bearings – Types of
bearings, design of unreinforced elastomeric bearings, expansion
joints.

Reference books :
1 Concrete Bridge Practice by Dr.V.K.Raina, Tata McGraw Hill
2 Reinforced Concrete Structures – Vol. II by Dr.B.C.Punmia,
Ashok Kumar Jain, Arun Kumar Jain, Laxmi Publications

B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-II SEM-VIII
ELECTIVE - III
DYNAMICS OF STRUCTURES

Teaching Scheme
Lecture : 3 hrs/Week
Examination Scheme
Theory Paper: 100 Marks

SECTION- I

Unit : 1 (06)
Single – Degree of Freedom Systems , Analytical Models, Equation of
Motion , Free Vibration , Damping , Types of damping , Types of
damping , Response to harmonic loading , Resonance , Support
motion , Transmissibility, Vibration isolation
Unit : 2 (05)
SDOF system subjected to periodic & impulsive loading, Fourier
series loading, Rectangular pulse , Introduction to Frequency –
Domain Analysis
Unit : 3 (07)
SDOF systems subjected to general dynamic loading , Duhamel’s
integral , Application to simple loading cases, numerical evaluation
of response integral , Piece wise exact method .

SECTION- II

Unit : 4 (07)
MDOF systems , selection of DOFs , formulation of equations of
motion , Structure matrices , Static condensation , Free Vibration
Eigen Value problem , Frequencies and Mode Shapes, Determination
of natural frequencies and mode shapes by Stodola-Vianello method,
Orthogonality conditions
Unit : 5
(05)
Discrete systems , Fundamental mode analysis , Rayleigh method,
Response of MDOF systems to dynamic loading, Mode superposition
method, Coupled and Uncoupled equations of motion, Model
Contribution
Unit : 6 (06)
Distributed- parameter Systems, Partial differential equations of
Year 2010‐2011 Page 78
motion, Free and forced Vibration, Application to beams in flexure.

Reference books :
1 Dynamics of Structures-Theory and Applications to Earthquake
Engineering by A.K. Chopra – Prentice Hall Publications.
2 Structural Dynamics - Mario Paz CBS Publication
3 Dynamics of Structures – R. M. Clough and Ponian ,McGraw Hill
co. New Delhi
4 Mechanical Vibrations – G. R. Grover Roorkee University,
Roorkee.
5 Earthquake Resistant Design of R. C. C. Structures – S. K. Gosh

B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-II SEM-VIII
ELECTIVE - III
GROUND IMPROVEMENT TECHNIQUES

Teaching Scheme
Lecture : 3 hrs/Week
Examination Scheme
Theory Paper: 100 Marks

SECTION- I

Unit : 1 (07)
Introduction: Need – methods – suitability – Mechanical
modification: principle - Surface compaction: Field compaction and
equipments, compaction specification and controls. Vibration
methods: dynamic consolidation, vibratory rollers, Vibro floatation
Unit : 2 (06)
Drainage methods: Well point systems, deep well drainage, vacuum
dewatering system, design of dewatering system – field permeability
tests, dewatering by electro osmosis. Preloading, sand drains, wick
drains- Thermal methods case studies
Unit : 3 (07)
Chemical stabilization- cement stabilization- factors affecting soil
cement mixing-admixtures- lime stabilization-effect of lime on soil
properties construction of lime stabilized bases-bituminous
stabilization- thermal stabilization- electrical stabilization.

SECTION- II

Unit : 4 (06)
Grouting: Classification – Methods – Types – grouts – equipments,
grouting design and layout, grout monitoring – applications – Case
studies.
Unit : 5 (07)
Earth Reinforcement- mechanism and concept- stress strain
relationship of reinforced soil-design theories and stability analysis
of retaining wall-tie back analysis-coherent gravity analysisapplication
areas of earth reinforcement
Unit : 6 (07)
Geotextiles: Soil reinforcement with geotextiles- classificationconcepts
geotextiles as separators, filters, and drainage mediadamage
and durability of geotextiles

Reference books :
1 M.J.Tholinson - Foundation design and construction Robert
M.Koerner - Construction and Geotechnical methods in
Foundation Engineering
2 C.J.F.P.Jones - Earth Reinforcement and Soil structures
3 R.A.Jewell - Soil Reinforcement with Geotextiles
4 Donald P.Coduto - Geotechnical Engineering, Principles and
Practices Prentice Hall India
5 Purusothmaraj.P., Ground Improvement Techniques, Laxmi
Publication (P) Ltd., New Delhi, 2000.

B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-II SEM-VIII
ELECTIVE - III
PROJECT PLANNING, ECONOMICS AND FINANCING

Teaching Scheme
Lecture : 3 hrs/Week
Examination Scheme
Theory Paper: 100 Marks

SECTION- I

Unit : 1 (05)
Project Planning & Monitoring: Concept of Project planning;
Resource Allocation; Activities in project planning, Programme
schedule preparation , Project Monitoring - Earned Value Analysis,
Schedule Variance Analysis, Management Information System
Reports; Software Tools – MS Project, PRIMAVERA
Unit : 2 (05)
Contracts Management: Contract Management process; Concepts &
Principles of Contract Law; Contracting Methods and Pricing
Agreements; Pre-Award and Award phase Activities; Contract
Administration – Contract Analysis, Performance & Progress,
Managing Change, Resolving Claims & Disputes, Termination.
Unit : 3 (05)
Project Costing: Components of Project Cost; Bill of Quantities; Rate
Analysis; Approaches for Cost Estimation; Types of Construction
Cost Estimates; Unit method of Cost Estimation; Allocation of Joint
Costs; Historical Costs data; Cost Indices based Estimation;
Allocation of Construction Costs over time; Estimation of Operating
Costs; Computer Aided Cost Estimation
Unit : 4 (05)
Project Economics: Project Economics, Principal, supply and
demand models, pricing, rates of interest, direct and indirect
benefits due to road improvement. Transportation cost, fixed and
variable costs.

SECTION- II

Unit : 5 (05)
Economic Analysis: Methods of economic analysis, determination of
annual cost, benefit cost ratio, IRR, NPV. Examples of economic
analysis for different types of road improvement measures,
pavement options, construction of bypasses and upgrading of
intersections. Project priorities, methods of dealing with
uncertainties.
Year 2010‐2011 Page 82
Unit : 6 (05)
Project Financing: Project Financing Options; Public Private
Partnership in Infrastructure development projects. Types of PPP
BOT, BOOT and BOT-Annuity. Institutional Arrangement for Project
Financing; Re-Financing of Debts; Construction Financing for
Contractors.
Unit : 7 (05)
Financial Analysis: Financial analysis projects and introduction of
computer software packages. Evaluation of Alternate Financing
Plans; Risk and uncertainty in projects and their integration to
decision process; Road investment decision packages.
Unit : 8 (05)
Project Quality Assurance & Control: Key aspects of Project Quality
Control, Organising Quality Assurance; Quality Assurance Policy
and its contents; Works and Material Specifications; Roles and
responsibilities of Quality Assurance & Control Team; Total Quality
Control; Quality Control by Statistical Methods; Quality Audits &
Procedures.

Reference books :
1 Adler, Hans A (1987): Economic Appraisal of Transport Projects,
The Johns Hopkins University Press, USA.
2 Abol Ardalan, (2000): Economic and Financial Analysis for
Engineering and ProjectManagement, Technomic Publishing
Company, USA.
3 IRC: SP:30-1993 (First Revision) – Manual for Economic
Evaluation of Highway Projects in India, IRC, New Delhi.
4 IRC: SP:19-2001 – Manual for Survey, Investigation and
Preparation of Road Projects, IRC, New Delhi.
5 MoRTH (2001): Road Development Plan: Vision-2021, Min. of
Road Transport and Highways, IRC, New Delhi
6 Peurifoy R.L. (1984): Construction, Planning, Equipment and
Method, McGraw Hill Book Co., New York.
7 Harold Kerzner: Project Management: A Systems Approach to
Planning, Scheduling, and Controlling, John Wiley and Sons
8 Jack Gido: An Introduction to Project Pl

B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-II SEM-VIII
ELECTIVE - III
ROCK MECHANICS

Teaching Scheme
Lecture : 3 hrs/Week
Examination Scheme
Theory Paper: 100 Marks

SECTION- I

Unit : 1 (02)
Introduction: Historical development of Rock Mechanics,
Application of Rock Mechanics, Defects in rocks.
Unit : 2 (04)
Laboratory Testing of Rocks: Rock sampling, Determination of
Index and Mechanical properties viz. Density, Porosity, Water
absorption, Uniaxial compressive strength, Tensile strength, Shear
strength, Flexural strength, Triaxial compressive strength, Swelling
and slake durability, Point load strength, Factors affecting strength
and deformation of rocks.
Unit : 3 (06)
Classification of Rocks: Weathering grades of Rocks as per ISRM,
Rock mass classification systems, Terzaghi’s rock load classification,
RQD classification, RQD when bore core is unavailable, Rock
structure rating, NGI and Geomechanics classification.
Unit : 4 (06)
Field Testing of Rocks: Geophysical Methods: - Electrical
Resistivity method & its applications, Seismic refraction method.
In-situ Tests: - Requirement of Insitu tests, Types of insitu tests,
Insitu determination of shear strength, Permeability and modulus of
deformation, Plate load test, Radial jacket test, Dialometer test, Flat
jack test.

SECTION- II

Unit : 5 (04)
Methods of improving Rock properties: Shortcreting, Grouting,
Rock bolting, Ground freezing.
Unit : 6 (04)
Stability of Rock slopes: Modes of failure, Methods of analysis,
Improvement of slope stability and protection.
Year 2010‐2011 Page 84
Unit : 7 (05)
Foundation on Rock: Shallow foundation, pile and well foundation,
Settlement in rocks, Remedial measures for foundations on rocks,
Allowable bearing pressures.
Unit : 8 (05)
Tunnels: Terminology, Rock stresses and deformation around
tunnels, Underground blast design for tunnel, Rock supports,
Design of tunnel lining.

Reference books :
1 Introduction of Rock Mechanics by R.E.Goodman; John Wiley &
Sons.
2 Manual on Rock Mechanics by Central Board of Irrigation and
Power.
3 Hand Book on Mechanical properties of Rocks by R. D. Lama and
V.S. Vulukuri Vol. I to IV.
4 Rock Mechanics for Engineers – B.P.Varma, Khanna Publications
5 Rock Mechanics and Hydraulic Structures – Obert & Duvall
(1967) John Viley and Sons Ind.
6 Rock Mechanics in Engineering Practice – Stag and Zienkiewec
(1968) John Wiley and Sons Ind.
7 Winterkorn H.F. and Fang H.Y, “Foundation Engineering Hand
book” Van Nostand Reinhold Company, 1975
8 Relevant Indian Standards
9 Engineering in Rocks for slopes foundation & Tunnels by
T.Ramamurthy, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi.

B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-II SEM-VIII
ELECTIVE - III
WATER POWER ENGINEERING

Teaching Scheme
Lecture : 3 hrs/Week
Examination Scheme
Theory Paper: 100 Marks

SECTION- I

Unit : 1 (03)
Introduction: Sources of energy, types of power station, choice of
type of generation, component parts of water project, types of hydro
power schemes, general layouts of hydropower schemes.
Unit : 2 (05)
Estimation of hydro power available basic water power equation,
gross head, net head, nature of supply, storage and pondage,
method of computing hydrographs, mass curves, flow duration
curves.
Nature of demand: Load curve, load duration curves, load factor,
plant capacity factor, plant use factor, firm power secondary power.
Unit : 3 (04)
Intake, types, level of intake hydraulics of intake, trash rack
transition from gate to conduit intake gates. (vertical list and taint,
general discussion only)
Unit : 4 (05)
Conduits : Types, economic section, power canals, pen-stock types
hydraulic design and economic diameter pipe supports, anchor
blocks, tunnels – classification, location and hydraulic design,
tunnel linings.
Unit : 5 (03)
Surge Tank : Functions and behaviour of the surge tanks, location,
types of surge tanks, basic design criteria of simple surge tank,
forebay.

SECTION- II

Unit : 6 (04)
Power station general arrangements of power station, power house,
sub-structure and
super structure, main dimensions underground power station –
necessity principal, types, development and economics.
Unit : 7 (04)
Turbines: Classification of turbines, characteristics of different
types, choice of type of turbine, turbine setting and cavitation.
Unit : 8 (03)
Tail race: Functions, types, channel and tunnel draft tubes, function
and principal types.
Unit : 9 (03)
Pumped storage plants, purpose and general layout of pumped
storage schemes, main types, typical arrangements of the upper
reservoirs, economics of pumped storage plants.
Unit : 10 (03)
Tidal power stations: Classification according to the principle of
operation and general description of different types, depression
power plants.

Reference books :
1 Water Power Development – E. Mosonvi, Vol. I & II
2 Hydro-electric Engineering Practice – G. Brown, Vol. I, II & III
3 Hydro – Electric Hand Book – Creager and Justin
4 Hydro Power Structures – Varshnaya
5 Water Power Engineering – M. M. Dandekar, Vikas Pub. House
PVt. Ltd
6 Water Power Engineering – P. K. Bhattacharya, Khanna Pub.,
Delhi
7 Water Power Engineering – M. M. Deshmukh, Dhanpat Rai and
Sons


B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-II SEM-VIII
ELECTIVE - III
ADVANCE CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES

Teaching Scheme
Lecture : 3 hrs/Week
Examination Scheme
Theory Paper: 100 Marks

SECTION- I

Unit : 1 (04)
COMPOSITE CONSTRUCTION: - composite v/s non composite
action; composite steel-concrete construction.
Unit : 2 (05)
FORMWORK: - Material for formwork, special types of formwork,
design of formwork
Unit : 3 (06)
NEW MATERIAL of construction such as geosynthetics, Epoxy
resins, Adhesives, MDF, FRC, FRP, Polymer-based composites.
Unit : 4 (05)
LAND RECLAMATION:- Technical progress, Drainage for land
reclamation, structural improvement.

SECTION- II

Unit : 5 (04)
CONSTRUCTION of power-generation structures, Atomic Power
stations, Thermal Power stations, wind-mills.
Unit : 6 (06)
a) Rehabilitation of bridges: Necessity and methods of strengthening,
preservation of bridges.
b) Retaining structures like diaphragm walls, advanced methods of
their construction.
Unit : 7 (06)
a) Construction of concrete pavement by techniques like vaccum
processing, revibrated concrete, Roller –compacted concrete.
b) Use of techniques like slip form paving in pavement construction;
using Wet-MIX macadam in Road.
Year 2010‐2011 Page 88
Unit : 8 (04)
Advanced Techniques, vaccum dewatering in concrete slab
construction, Reinforced earth construction, foundation
strengthening

Reference books :
1 Handbook of Composite construction Engg--- G.M. Sabanis
2 Formwork design and construction---- Wynn
3 Water power Engineering—Dandekar sharma
4 Bridge Engineering--- Raina
5 Bridge engineering Punnuswamy
6 Concrete Technology--- M.S. Shetty S.Chand publication

B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-II SEM-VIII
ELECTIVE - III
OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUES

Teaching Scheme
Lecture : 3 hrs/Week
Examination Scheme
Theory Paper: 100 Marks

SECTION- I

Unit : 1 (10)
Introduction: Importance of optimization techniques Linear
programming: Formulation, graphical solution, simplex method, Big
M Method, Duality, Sensitivity analysis.
Unit : 2 (04)
Transportation problems: Assignment problems
Unit : 3 (06)
Decision theory, decision tree, Game theory.

SECTION- II

Unit : 4 (10)
Inventory models – deterministic models probabilistic model.
Queuing theory, simulation applications
Unit : 5 (04)
Introduction to non linear programming
Unit : 6 (06)
Dynamic programming and integer programming, Forecasting
techniques.

Reference books :
1 Optimization – S. S. Rao, Wiley Eastern Ltd.
2 Operation Research - H. A. Taha, Mac-Millan
3 Graph Theory – Narsingh Rao, Prentice Hall
4 Operation Research – Wagner, Wiley Eastern Ltd.
5 Project Management – Lick D., Gower Publication England


B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-II SEM-VIII
ELECTIVE - III
INDUSTRIAL WASTE TREATMENT

Teaching Scheme
Lecture : 3 hrs/Week
Examination Scheme
Theory Paper: 100 Marks

SECTION- I

Unit : 1 (05)
Use of water in industry, sources of wastewater, quality and quantity
variations in waste discharge, water budgeting, characterization and
monitoring of wastewater flow, stream standards and effluent
standards.
Unit : 2 (07)
Waste volume and strength reduction, in-plant measure, good
housekeeping, process change, leakage prevention, segregation and
recycling Neutralization, equalization and proportioning of waste
Unit : 3 (05)
Water Quality monitoring of Streams, Self purification of streams,
B.O.D. reaction rate, D.O. sag curve and D.O. deficit calculations
Unit : 4 (03)
Miscellaneous methods of dissolved solids removal, sludge disposal
methods

SECTION- II

Unit : 5 (03)
Different types of waste treatment & their selections, Development of
treatment flow
diagram based on characteristics of waste
Unit : 6 (09)
Manufacturing processes in major industries, water requirements,
wastewater sources, composition of wastes, Viz. sugar, distillery,
dairy, pulps, paper mill, fertilizer, tannery, chemical, steel industry,
power plants, textile Treatment flow sheets, alternative methods of
treatment, factors affecting efficiency of treatment plant
Unit : 7 (03)
Acclimatization of bacteria to toxic wastes, process sensitivity,
Year 2010‐2011 Page 91
operation and maintenance requirements
Unit : 8 (05)
Water pollution control act, organizational set up of central and
state boards for water pollution control, classification of river on
water use, minimal national standards, socio-economic aspects of
water pollution control

Reference books :
1 Waste Water Engineering Metcalf Eddy Mc Graw Hill Publications.
2 Industrial Waste Treatment Nelson Meneroo
3 Industrial Waste Treatment Rao & Datta

Sr.No.              Name of Subject in Old Syllabus
1 Design of Concrete
Structures – I
2 Quantity Surveying &
Valuation
3 Earthquake
Engineering
4 Water Resources
Engg.-II
5 Elective-I
Sr. No.                         Name of Subject in Old Syllabus
1 Town Planning &
Bridge Engg.
2 Transportation
Engineering – II
3 Construction Practices
4 Design of Concrete
Structures-II
5 Elective-II

Annexure A
B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-I SEM-VII
WATER RESOURCES ENGINEERING-II

Teaching Scheme
Lecture : 3 hrs/Week
Practical : 2 hrs/Week
Examination Scheme
Theory Paper: 100 Marks
Term Work : 25 marks
Oral Exam : 25 marks

SECTION- I

Unit : 1 (05)
Planning of Reservoirs: Storage calculations, Control levels, silting of
reservoirs, losses in reservoirs.
Dams – Necessity, types of dams, selection of site for dams, selection
of type of dam
Unit : 2 (06)
Gravity Dams - Forces acting on dam, design criteria, theoretical
and practical profile, high and low dam, stability calculations,
materials and methods of construction, Galleries, joints.
Arch Dams – Types, Layout of Constant angle and Constant radius
arch dam
Unit : 3 (05)
Earth Dams: Components and their functions, Design Criterians;,
seepage through and below earth dam, Application of Slip circle
method, Inverted Filters, Downstream drainage
Unit : 4 (04)
Spillway, Necessity and different types , factors affecting choice and
type of spillway, elementary hydraulic design, jump height and tail
water rating curve, energy dissipation below spillway, gates for
spillway

SECTION- II

Unit : 5 (04)
Weirs on Permeable Foundations: Theories of seepage, Bligh’s creep
theory, Khosla’s theory - exit gradient, , Piping and undercutting
Unit : 6 (06)
Canals: Types, Alignment, Design – Kennedy’s and Lacey’s Silt
theories, Canal losses, Typical canal sections, canal lining –
Year 2010‐2011 Page 94
Necessity and types Canal Structures (Introduction): Cross drainage
works and canal regulatory works – Aqueduct, Culvert, Super
passage, Level Crossing, Cross and Head regulator, Canal Siphon
Unit : 7 (03)
River and River Training Works: Types of rivers, Meandering
phenomenon, Types of river training works, river navigation.
Water Logging and Drainage: Causes, effects, preventive and
curative measures, alkaline soils.
Unit : 8 (04)
Elements of Hydropower Engineering:, types of water power plants,
layout and components of each type, Intakes, Conveyance system,
Surge tanks, Power house types and components and layout tail
race.

Term Work:
1 Assignment on each unit (minimum SEVEN Assignment)
2 Visit report based on Field Visits to Irrigation and Water Power
Engineering Projects.

Reference books :
1 Irrigation Engineering – S. K. Garg ,Khanna Pub. Delhi
2 Design of Small Dam – U. S. B. R., OXFORD & IBH pub.co.
3 Engineering for Dam Vol. I, II, III – Justinn, Creager and Hinds
4 Design of Hydraulic Structures Vol. I & II – Leliavsky
5 Irrigation and Water Power - Priyani ,Charoter pub. House, Anand
6 River Behaviour, Management and Training - C B I & P
7 Design of Canals – Circular of Government of Maharashtra, !8
February 1995
8 Irrigation and Water Power Engineering – Punmia, B. C.
9 Irrigation – Bharat Singh ,NEW CHAND & bros. Roorkee
10 Irrigation Engineering Vol. I – Varshhey and Gupta
11 Engineering Hydrology - K. Subram anya


Annexure B
B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING-PART-I SEM-VII
TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING –II

Teaching Scheme
Lecture : 3 hrs/Week
Examination Scheme
Theory Paper: 100 Marks

SECTION- I (Railway Engineering)

Unit : 1 (07)
Introduction, Permanent Way, Gauges, components, rails, sleepers,
ballast, sub grade formation, fixtures and fastenings, coning of
wheels.
Geometric design: Alignment, gradient, horizontal curves, super –
elevation, design problems on above.
Unit : 2 (06)
Points & Crossing: Terms used, standard points and crossings,
design of simple turnout various types of track junctions.
Stations and yards: purpose, location, site selection, types and
general layouts of terminus, Junction.
Unit : 3 (07)
Signaling and interlocking : objectives of signaling, types of signals,
principles of interlocking, methods of control of train movements
Construction and maintenance of railway track: methods, material
required per KM of track, tools and plant used for plate laying,
Tractive resistance and tractive effort, maintenance of track.
Modern trends in railways: mention of high – speed track, ballast –
less track, introduction to monorails, rack rails, underground and
elevated railways.

SECTION- II (Tunnel Engineering)

Unit : 4 (10)
Introduction, consideration in tunneling, shape and size of tunnel
shafts, pilot tunnels.
Tunneling in hard rock, methods of attack, drilling-patterns,
blasting, mucking, tunnel lining (rock bolting and guniting),
advances in tunneling methods (TBM).
Unit : 5 (10)
Tunneling in soft materials: Mining, timbering, mucking forepoling
and shield methods.
Year 2010‐2011 Page 96
Safety measures, ventilation, lighting and drainage of tunnels,
modern tunneling methods.

Reference books :
1 Railway Engineering – K. F. Antia
2 A Course in Railway Engineering - Saxena and Arora, dhanpat rai
& Sons Delhi
3 Planning and Construction of Docks and Harbors – Quinn
4 Dock and Harbor Engineering – Oza ,Chartor pub. house
5 Dock, Harbor and Tunnel Engineering – Shrinivasan Chartor pub.
house
6 Dock and Harbor Engineering – Cormick


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