Saturday, 3 March 2012

ECOLOGY-I: CLIMATOLOGY, SOIL SCIENCE AND AUTECOLOGY.M.SC. (BOTANY) ,SEMESTER II, SESSION 2011 – 2013, JIWAJI UNIVERSITY


BOT 201: ECOLOGY-I: CLIMATOLOGY, SOIL SCIENCE AND AUTECOLOGY

UNIT I

Definition, scope and concept of plant ecology.
History of ecology and relation of ecology with other disciplines. Principles of ecology.
Concept of environment, habitat and ecological niche.
The environment we live in.

UNIT II

Light and temperature as ecological factors.
Precipitation and Relative Humidity as ecological factors.
Measurement and analysis of light, temperature, Precipitation and relative Humidity.
Importance of water as an important factor on the life of plants.

UNIT III

Origin, development and formation of soil. Soil profile.
Classification of soil.
Effects of soil environment on plants.
Chief soil types of India.

UNIT IV

Biotic components of an ecosystem.
Interrelation of various organisms.
Population ecology, Natality, Mortality, Age distribution.
Concept of carrying capacity.

UNIT V

Morphological, anatomical and physiological relation of plants with their environment.
Plant indicators.
Ecotypic and Ecadic differentiation
Physical and physiological dryness.
Genecology

PRACTICALS 201

1. Study of physical and chemical characteristics of soil by rapid field test.
2. Determination of moisture content of soil.
3. Determination of pH of water.
4. Determination of dissolved oxygen in water
5. Determination of following data. a. Solar energy b. Atomospheric temperature c. Relative Humidity
6. Determination of soil profile.
7. Determination of soil texture, colour, consistence.
8. Determination of height of the tree.
9. Determination of light penetration under water by Sechii dish.

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