Saturday, 26 May 2012

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY, KOLHAPUR Structure for Instrumentation Engineering Degree Course B.E. (Instrumentation) Semesters VII & VII

(Subject to the modifications will be made from time to time)

Elective I                                                       Elective II
1) Virtual Instrumentation                       1) Power Plant Instrumentation
2) Neural & Fuzzy Based Control            2) Biomedical Instrumentation
3) Optimal & Robust Control                  3) Advanced Digital Signal Processing
4) Safety and Environmental control      4) Embedded Systems

[Note: - Examination scheme and term work marks strictly as per above structure]


Teaching scheme Examination scheme
Lectures : 3 Hrs/week. Theory :100 marks
Practical : 2 Hrs/Week. Term work : 25 marks.
Oral : 25 marks

UNIT I (3Hrs)
Overview of process Control System loop components, Block diagram, Concept and need
of Advanced Process Instrumentation. Process Variables & degree of freedom, dynamics &
Characteristics of physical systems like electrical, liquid, thermal, gas & Mechanical
processes & their influence on control system.
UNIT II (4Hrs)
Controller principles :
Control system parameters, steady state and unsteady state analysis control system for
change in load variable & change in set point variable practical example, mathematical
characterization of the components, deviation calculation. Response of process under
controller actions like on/off, Proportional, integral derivative & combinational mode
Controller Tuning:
Tuning methods, Selection of controller block for specific operation (PID, Automan,
ORSEL) for specific operation, control system selection, Initialization and bumpless transfer
Case studies
Unit IV (5Hrs)
Digital control methods:
Direct Digital Control, Supervisory computer control, Interactive multivariable control
system, Alarm & alarm management system
Case Studies: Design of Digital temperature control using digital IC’s, Design of DC motor
control (practical application using isolation circiutary). (System specifications, Block
diagram, system design, Schematic diagram).
Unit V (5Hrs)
Distillation Column Control:
Equipment, C-M pairing, Energy and Material Balance Equations, Feed forward Systems,
Flow Control of Distillate and Bottoms, Reflux control, Composition Control, Pressure and
Temperature Controls. Constant and maximum recovery methods, distillate optimization.
Application of DCS for distillation Column.
UNIT VI (4Hrs)
Building Automation:
HVAC and F&G , Access control
UNIT VI (9Hrs)
Application of SCADA, PLC, DCS and open System for plants such as : Cement, Steel
plant, Automobile, oil refinery and Water Treatment plants. ( Flow-sheet Diagrams, I/O and
control variables, Control Equipment, Control systems and Interlocks, Diagnostic Functions
and Protections, Auto-Start-up emergency shutdown.)

Term Work
Students are expected to perform minimum 8 experiments based on above

Suggested Books:
(1) Process Control Systems by F. G. Shinskey (TMH).
(2) Process Control by B. G. LIptak (Chilton).
(3) Computer Based Industrial Control by Krishna Kant (PHI).
(4) Distributed Computer Control for Industrial Automation by Popovic and
Bhatkar (Dekker).
(5) Chemical Process Control by G. Stephanopoulos (PHI).
(6) Distillation Column Control by F. G. Shinskey (TMH).
(7) Process control Instrumentation – C.D. Johnson
(8)Process control designing processes and control system for dynamic processes
Thomes E. narlin
(9) Analog and Digital control – Ramakant Gaikwad


Teaching Scheme: Examination Scheme:
Lectures: 3 Hrs/week Theory: 100 Marks
Practical: 2 Hrs/week Term Work: 25 Marks
Oral: 25 Marks

Unit - 1 (4Hrs)
Basic Concepts on Instrumentation Design: Functional Requirements and Specifications,
operational environment commercial, industrial, military. NEMA, DIN, BIS and ANSI
standards with special reference to packaging, oneline diagram of hydraulic, pneumatic and
electronic instrumentations system, Instruments symbols and signals.
Unit – 2 (6Hrs)
Design Aspects: Performance characteristics for flow, temperature, pressure and level
transducer, smart transmitter with control capability, range, specification standards and
recommended practice for instruments, simulated technical data for design of transducer.
Interface primary element with end devices, engineering display. Calibrating and testing
standards for instruments and transducer. Transducer measurement and performance test
(electrical, impedence, noise, resolution test and threshold test, environment and life test),
measurement units current, voltage and frequency. Design of instrumentation amplifier,
isolation amplifier, active filter, and Electronic circuit design guidelines.
Unit – 3 (6Hrs)
Printed Circuit Board technology: PCB materials and standards. General component layout
scheme, grid system. General design guidelines for PCBs, design guidelines for analog and
digital circuit PCBs, soldering techniques. Single and multilayer PCBs. Automation &
computer in PCB design. Artwork & CAD packages & tools.
Unit – 4 (4Hrs)
Control valve: Effects & remedies of cavitations & Flashing. Pressure drop across the valve,
valve noise, flow characteristics of linear & equal percentage control valves on load changes.
Control valve selection, Seat leakage & calibration.
Unit – 5 (4Hrs)
Control panel design: Types of control panels, enclosure design guidelines grounding &
shielding techniques, Electrostatic discharge (ESD), noise. design guidelines of control panel.
Applications of control panel.
Unit – 6 (8Hrs)
Design Of Controllers: Selection of sensor, signal conditioning. ON-OFF and Integral,
Derivative, Proportional (Electronic) controllers with digital display indicator for selected
process (Flow, Level, Pressure, temperature).
Unit – 7 (4Hrs)
Reliability, MTTR, MTBF, concept of availability, component screening, Failure rate
analysis, product quality variance report, control charts, SQC & TQM principles. Quality
audit, safety factors & redundancy.

Term Work: the term work shall consist of at least 8 experiment assignments / sheets
from design point of view based on above syllabus.

1) Electronic Instruments And instrumentation Technology, by Anand M S, New Delhi.
Prentice Hall Of India, 2004.
2) Printed Circuit Boards, by walter C. Bosshart, CEDT series, TMH.
3) Process Control, by B.G.Liptak
4) Reliability Engineering, by E. Balguruswamy.
5) Measurement Systems by E. O. Doebline.
6) Noise Reduction Techniques- Ott H W
7) Electrostatic Discharge and Electronic equipmwnt by Warren Boxleitner, IEEE press
8) Industrial Process Control by Jocob
9) Process Control for Industries by Andrew Williams.
10) Smart Sensors (ISA)


Teaching scheme Examination scheme
Lectures : 3Hrs/week. Theory : 100 marks
Practical : 2Hrs/Week. Term work: 25 marks
Oral: 25 marks.

1. Review: (1 hrs)
Automation terms, options, standard architectures, functional levels, data bases, and
programming standards.
2. Batch Control System Automation : (2 hrs)
Introduction to Batch processing, batch control types & components.
Batch control system terminology & characteristics of batch processing.
The hierarchical batch model & control structure.
3. Batch Control Systems Engineering & Management: (6 hrs)
General control requirements, safety interlocking, sequential control of batch
processes, batch & recipe management. Case studies of use in Pharma & Dairy
4. State of the Art in Batch Control Systems: (3 hrs)
Batch control standards, recipes, computer aided formulations, electronic batch
recorder & signatures, batch control optimization, batch control system selection
5. Distributed Control Systems components: (5 hrs)
Concepts of hierarchical control.
Workstation & Workstation Hosts: issues, Design concepts & classification.
Operator Interface evolution & HMI design. Networks in process automation,
Fault-tolerant programming & real-time operating systems.
6. Vendor Architectures & Applications: (8 hrs)
Popular DCS Architectures & specifications for Honeywell’s TDC 3000 & EPKS,
Siemens S7400H, Rockwell ControlLogix, Emerson’s DeltaV & Ovation, Yokogawa
CENTUM CS3000 and ABB’s system 800XA.
Case studies of Industrial use oil & gas fields and biotechnology plants.
7. DCS Systems Engineering: (4hrs)
Justification, Detailed specification, Evaluation & Implementation. Upgrading
Control Rooms.
8. State of the art in DCS: (6 hrs)
Integration of DCS, PLC, HMI & SCADA systems.
Integration with RTUs, Multiplexers, fieldbuses & Data Highways.
Hybrid systems with discrete & analog capability.
Sequence of Event recorders & post-trip reviews.
OPC software architecture.

Term work: Term work will consist of at least Ten experiments on DCS, BCS, PC,
SCADA with interfacing, practical examples and assignments.

Suggested Books:
1. Batch Control Systems: Thomas G Fisher, ISA Press.
2. Distributed computer control for Industrial Automation: Popovic & Bhatkar, Dekker.
3. Understanding Distributed processor systems for control - smuel Herb, ISA.
4. Process software and Digital Networks. Bela Liptak, CRC Press.


Teaching scheme Examination scheme
Lectures: 4 Hrs/week. Theory: 100 marks
Practical: 2 Hrs/Week. Term work : 25 marks
Discrete Transforms: (08Hrs.)
Discrete time Fourier series, Discrete Fourier transform and its properties, circular
convolution, Fast Fourier transform: Radix-2, DIT FFT algorithm, Radix-2 DIF FFT
algorithm, Inverse Fourier transform, Block convolution-overlap save, overlap add, linear
convolution using DFT AND IDFT.
Wavelet transformer: (06Hrs.)
Introduction to wavelet transformer, Time Frequency decomposition, STFT, CWT, ICWT,
DWT, IDWT, Application of wavelet transform.
Realization of Digital Linear systems: (06Hrs.)
Basics of digital filtering, elements of digital filter, filter stability on placement of poles,
types of digital filters, Realization of digital filters, direct form-I, direct form-II, cascade
form, Parallel form etc.
FIR digital filter: (08Hrs.)
Characteristics of FIR digital filter, Properties, frequency response linear phase, Design of
FIR filter using Fourier series, frequency sampling, window method, Finite word length
effect coefficient quantization round off errors, overflow errors.
IIR digital filter: (08Hrs.)
Basic features of IIR filter comparison IIR with FIR filter. Design of IIR filter using
impulse invariance method, bilinear transformation method, pole zero placement method,
matched z-transform method, finite word length effect in IIR filter design, Quantization
DSP Applications: (06Hrs.)
Adaptive Telephone echo cancellation, fetal ECG monitoring, evoked potential Analysis,
speech synthesis and reorganization. Application related to instrumentation and
biomedical signal processing.

Term work: Term work shall consist of at least eight experiments/ assignments based on
above syllabus.

Reference books:
1. J. G. Proakis and D. G. Manolakis- Digital signal processing - Principles algorithms
and Application. PHI publication.
2. A.V. Oppenheim and R.W. Schaffer, Digital signal processing, PHI publication.
3. T.J. Terrel and Lik Kwan-Digital signal processing.
4. D.J.Deffatta-Digital signal processing - A system design approach.
5. E.C. Ifeachor and B. W. Jervis - Digital signal processing - A practical approach.
6. S.K.MITRA “digital signal processing-A computer based approch”Tata McGraw Hill

(Elective – I)

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme
Lecturers : 3 Hrs / week Theory : 100 marks
Practicals : 2 Hrs / week Term work : 25 marks

UNIT-I (6Hrs)
Review of Virtual Instrumentation : Historical perspective, Need of VI, Advantages of
VI, Define VI, block diagram & architecture of VI, data flow techniques, graphical
programming in data flow, comparison with conventional programming.
UNIT-II (5Hrs)
Programming Techniques : VIS & Sub VIS, loops & charts, arrays, clusters, graphs, case
& sequence structures, formula modes, local and global variable, string & file input.
Data Acquisition basics : ADC, DAC, DIO, Counters & timers, PC Hardware structure,
timing, interrupts, DMA, Software and Hardware Installation.
UNIT-IV (6Hrs)
Common Instrument Interfaces : Current loop, Rs 232C/Rs 485, GPIB, System basics,
interface basics : USB, PCMCIA, VXI, SCXI, PXI etc, networking basics for office &
industrial application VISA & IVI, image acquisition & processing, Motion
Control.ADC,DAC,D10,DMM,Waveform generator
UNIT-V (5Hrs)
Use of Analysis Tools : Fourier transforms, Power spectrum, Correlation methods,
windowing & flittering.
UNIT-VI (6Hrs)
Application in process control projects. Major equipments – oscilloscopes,digital
multimeter,Pentium computers,temperature data acquisition system,motion control
employing stepper motor

Term work : The termwork shall consist of at least 8 assignments/ tutorial using labview
graphical programming.

Recommended Text Books :
1. Gary Johnson, Labview Graphical Programming second edition, MC GrawHill,
Newyork, 1997
2. Lisa K. Wells & Jettrey Travis, Labview for everyone, Prentice Hall, New Jersey,
3. Sokoloff, Basic Concepts of Labview 4, Prentice Hall, New Jercy, 1998.
4. S. Gupta, J.P.Gupta, PC interfacing for Data Acquisition & process control, second
Edition, Instrument Society of America, 1994.
5. Technical manuals for DAS modules of national instruments
L .T.amy Automation system for control & data acquisition.

(Elective – I)

Teaching scheme Examination scheme
Lectures : 3 Hrs/week. Theory :100 marks
Practical : 2 Hrs/Week. Term work : 25marks.

UNIT-I (8Hrs)
Artificial neural systems : Preliminaries, fundamental concepts & models of artificicalsystem,
neural networks learning rules, Hebbian, perceptron, delta Widrow-Hoff learning rules.
Single layer perception classification : Classification model, features & decision regions
training & classification using discrete perception, algorithm & examples, single layer
continuous perceptron networks for linear separable classification.
UNIT –II (6Hrs)
Multilayer feedback work networks : Generalized delta learning rule, feedforward recall &
back propagation training learning factors.
Single layer feedback networks : basic concepts of dynamical systems mathematical of
discrete time & gradient type Hopfield networks, transient response of continuous time
solution optimization problems.
Neural network in control system : neuro-control approaches, training algorithm evaluated
training algorithms, through simulation, self tuning neuro-control scheme, self tuning PID
controller, neuro-control scheme feed water bath temperature control system.
UNIT –IV (6Hrs)
Basic concepts of fuzzy sets- Relation equation – fuzzy logic control – fuzzification –
defuzzification – knowledge base – Decision making logic – membership function – rule
Fuzzy logic controller: functional diagram, membership function: triangular,trapezoidal-scal
factors.fuzzyfication: membership valu assignments using intuiyion – knowledge base.
Defuzzyfication: max membership principle – centroid method – weighted average methodrule.
choice of variables-derivation of rules – case study: fuzzy logic controller design for a
temperature process

Term work: Term work shall consists of at least eight experiments based on above topics a
using MATLAB or similar software package.

Books :
1. Introduction of artificial neural systems J.M.ZURADA Jaico publication House 1997
2. Neural networks : comprehensive foundation S.IIAYKIN McMillian College
Publishing company inc. 1994
3. Neuro control and its application S.OMATU, M.KIIALID, R.YUSOF. Spring Verlag
London Ltd. 1996.
4. An introduction to fuzzy control D.DRIANKOV, H. HELLENDOORN and M
REINFRANK Narosa Publication House, 2nd reprint 1997.
5. Neural Network Design, Hagan, Demuth Deak Thomson Learning
6. Neuro-fuzzy and soft computing, PHI publication
7. Fuzzy logic : Intelligence control and Information, John Yen Pearson publication.
8. Kosko B : Neural network & fuzzy systems- phi pvt ltd.

(Elective I)

Teaching scheme Examination scheme
Lectures : 3 Hrs/week. Theory :100 marks
Practical : 2 Hrs/Week. Term work : 25 marks

1. Introduction: (4Hrs ) Differential operator, state-space and transfer function models,
dynamic response, Bode and Polar plots.
2. General control and stability: (07Hrs ) The primary transfer functions, one and two
degree of freedom configurations, the one degree of freedom restriction, the loop gain and
the return difference, nominal closed loop stability. The Routh harwitz’scriterion. The
Nyguist stability criterion.
3. Loop Goals: (06Hrs ) Robust stability for plant parameter variations, robust stability
for unmodified dynamics, disturbance rejection and noise attenuation, robust loop goal
4. Response Goals: (06Hrs ) Output regulation, the transient tracking response, the
steady state tracking response.
5. Classical control Techniques: (06Hrs ) PID compensation, lag and lead
6. Modern control Techniques: (06Hrs ) Linear state variable feedback, observers,
optimal error dependent pole placement, optimal LQR compensation.

Term Work : The term work shall consists of at least eight experiments based on the
syllabus using MATLAB or similar software packages.

Suggested books:
1. W.A.Wotovich Automatic control systems. International Edition, saunders college
publishing, Harcourt brace college Publishers, New Yark. 1994.
2. K. Ogala Modern control Engineering 4th Ed 2002, Eastern Economic Edition, PHI


Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme
Lectures: 3 Hrs/week Theory: 100 Marks
Practical : 2 Hrs/week Term work : 25 Marks

1. Safety - Concept and Need of Safety, Safety and Industries - Definition, Various Hazards
in Industries, Need of Industrial Safety, Safety Department and its Role, Good House
Keeping (2 Hrs)
2. Introduction to Risk Assessment & Management, Safety Management Systems, OSHAS
18001 management system and Auditing, , Product Safety, Accidents in Industries,
Definition and Various Causes, Accident Theory, Cost of Accidents, Accident Prevention
Techniques. (4 Hrs)
3. Environmental definition, Constituents, biochemical cycle, causes of pollution, types of
pollution and their measurement, effects of pollution, different sensors for measurement of
pollution, difference between off-line measurement and continuous monitoring. (3 Hrs)
4. Environmental toxicology and hazards. Common toxic agents, their analysis and safety
measures, environmental regulation and standards, Review of standard methods of Pollution
analysis, Sampling Operation, Devices and techniques as related to environmental
engineering. (3 Hrs)
5. Air Pollution Analysis: Analysis of aerosols and Monitoring of gaseous pollutants like
S02, H2S, NO-Nox, CO-CO2, ozone, NH3 and organic gases, vapor Analysis Monitoring of
suspended particulate matter and trace metal pollutants. (3Hrs)
6. Water Pollution Analysis Physical Examinationcolour, conductivity, temperature, odour,
turbidity, hardness. Chemical Characterization - Ca 2+, Mg2+, Na+, C I-, S04+ 2-, HC03-,
AI3+, Ba2+Boron, F-, N02-, P04 3-, Fe3+ Mn2- Sio2 2-, Biological investigation - no, BOD,
bacteriological examination, types of Wdlcr quality monitoring instrumentation. (pH meters,
conductivity meters etc.).
Waste water sources, Characterization & composition of wastes, Manufacturing process &
flow sheet and Treatment flow sheet in Major industries such as
a) Agrobased industries - Sugar, Distillery, Dairy, Textile, Paper & Pulp etc.
b) Chemical based industries – Fertilizer, Paints, Petroleum, Refinery, Pharmaceuticals,
c) Mechanical/Manufacturing industries – Steel, Foundry, Automobile, Plating etc.
d) Food Processing industries – Canning (5 Hrs)
7. Effluent Analysis: Physical Methods of characterization: density, viscosity, temperature,
conductivity, turbidity, volatile, and dissolved solids, oil and immiscible liquids, colour
odour, radioactivity. analysis of organic pollutants. BOD, COD, TOC Specific analysis of
Organic pollutants, analysis of metal pollutants, Analysis of anion and dissolved gases
dissolved oxygen, pH, dissolved chlorides, suspended Solids, nitrogen, sludge index.
(4 Hrs)
8. Soil Pollution and pesticide Analysis: Analysis of Micronutrients, trace elements
pesticides, Chromatographic Characterization, Polarographic and Spectroscope Analysis of
pesticides. (3 Hrs)
9. a) Noise Pollution and its Measurement: Units Devices and maps Noise Control System.
b) Radiation Pollution and its Measurement and Control.
(3 Hrs)
10. Instrumentation setup for different type of Pollution control like wastewater treatment,
HVAC control etc. Environmental testing, Dryheat, Drycold, Damp Heat, Salt Spray, Dust,
Altitude bump, Vibration drop/ Topple, free fall, and study of ISO 14001.
(5 Hrs)

Term work:
Industrial visits and report on -
a) Industrial Safety
b) Environmental Management System

(1) Environmental Engineering by Gerard Kiely
(2) Environmental Engineering by Howard Peavy,Donald R. Rowe,George
(3) Environmental Management By G.N. Pandey
(4) Environmental Pollution Control by C.S. Rao
(5) Basic Concepts of Analysis Chemistry by S. M. Khopkar.
(6) Environmental Engineering by Peary H. S. and others.
(7) Sensor Systems for Environmental monitoring by Campbell.
(8) Basic Environmental Technology: (Ed. 1997) by J. A. Nathanson.
(9) Environmental tech. Series, V, I, II,III, IV by Neal K. UstIer.
(10) Occupational Safety and health -by David L. Goetsch, Prentice Hall, Ohio
(11) Safety manual - EDEL Engineering consultancy Pvt. Ltd.
(12) Hazardous Material and Hazardous Waste management - by Gayle
Woodside, John Wiley &sons Inc.
(13) Environmental Health and Safety Auditing Handbook - by Lee Harrison, Mac
Graw Hill Inc.
(14) Industrial and Occupational Safety, Health & Hygiene - by Dr. A.H. Hommadi
(15) Introduction to Industrial Safety - by K.T. Kulkarni
(16) Waste water treatment - M.N.Rao & Datta.


Teaching scheme: Examination scheme:
Practical: 2Hrs/Week Termwork:50 marks

The students are expected to take up a Project/seminar Topic under the guidance of a faculty
from the Institute &/ possible industrial sponsors. The Project/seminar Topic selected should
ensure the application of acquired theoretical & practical skills in Instrumentation
engineering. It should aim to satisfy the urgent need to establish a direct link between
technical education, national development and productivities.

The students may be asked to work individually or in a group having not more than FOUR
students. The student/group of student shall survey & collect all necessary information from
various sources on the selected topic/project. It includes defining the scope of project,
problem analysis, identification of necessary data/equipment/hardware & software, and
development of overall/detailed design for implementation. Each Student will deliver a
seminar on the selected Project/topic. The student is expected to submit the report in standard
specified format .

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme
Practical: 2 Hrs/week Term work: 50 Marks

It consist of assessing the Industrial Training (and training report) under taken by the
students at the end of 6th semester.

Guidance activities will be conducted with experts from industry, Govt./NGOs/ other
professional agencies & academicians doing research. The focus will be on project
work, placement in industry, career roles of Instrumentation engineers, conduct of
research work & on becoming entrepreneurs.


Teaching scheme Examination scheme
Lectures : 4Hrs/week. Theory : 100 marks
Practical : 2Hrs/Week. Term work: 25 marks
Oral: 25 marks.

1. Introduction to Networks & Fieldbus: (8hrs)
Proprietary & open networks. Hardware selection for Fieldbus systems .Sorting the
Fieldbus trends, Advantages & Disadvantages, Design, installation, economics &
2. Hart Networks: (7hrs)
Hart protocol, field Devices, calibration, Hart applications, installing Hart Networks,
Device Descriptions and Applications. Wireless Hart.
3. Foundation Fieldbus Networks: (7hrs)
Standards, field bus Architecture and user Layer, H1 & HSE specifications, Segment
4. Profibus Networks: (4hrs)
Basics, Block Model, Applications, Network Design, system configuration and
Developments. Profibus PA & DP specifications. Segment design.
5. Fiber-Optic Networks: (2hrs)
Principles, Types of Cables, Network Design, installation finishing, inspection and
Testing. Modulation/Demodulation techniques.
6. Wireless Networks: (7hrs)
Radio system, cellular Telephony, wireless Data, Satellite LANS, Infrared systems
and operating procedures. Wireless transmitters & their architecture.
7. Specific Fieldbus Networks: (4hrs)
Device Net, control Net, Lonworks, world FIP, Actuater sensor, Interface.
Propritary Networks: Modbus, data highway, Genius Bus.
8. Network Installation & Security:(7hrs)
Physical security, security policies, Encryption, Identity verification, OS security,
Login and password security, protection from viruses, preventive measures, internet
access, Digital certificates, Network security with Firewalls. Configuring routers &

Term work: The term work shall consist of at least Ten Experiment based on above topics.

Suggested Books:
1. Process software and Digital Networks: Bela Liptak, CRC process.
2. Understanding Distributed Process system for control samnel Herb, ISA.
3. Introduction to Networking Richard McMahon, TMH.
4. Networking A beginner’s Guide: Bruce Hallberg, TMH.


Teaching scheme Examination scheme
Lectures : 4 Hrs/week. Theory : 100 marks
Practical : 2 Hrs/Week. Termwork:50 marks
Oral: 25 marks.

UNIT I ( 3Hrs)
Introduction to process control, control objectives and benefits,Dynamic behavior of
process control systems: Dynamic behavior of first second order system, series and
parallel structures of simple system, Recycle structures, staged processes.
UNIT II(14hrs)
Concepts of system modeling:
Definition, principles of system modeling, modeling procedure, need of modeling, for
engineering and non –engineering systems, Classification of modeling, fundamentals of
chemical process dynamics, continuity equation, equation of motion, transport equation,
equation of state, equilibrium, chemical kinetics, Input-output model and its transfer
function, Dynamic modeling of tank reactor system. Vaporizer flash drum, batch reactor,
Binary distillation column, boiler.
Computational methods for solving algebraic & differential equations:
Solution of algebraic equation: Interval Halving, Newton Raphson method
Solution of differential equation: Runge-Kutta method, Euler method, Adam-Bash forth
Empirical model Identification:
Empirical model building procedure, process reaction curve method, statistical model
UNIT V(4Hrs)
Intelligent controllers:
Adaptive control system (Self tuning regulator & Model reference adaptive controller),
Inferential control systems, Optimal controller using Kalman filter, predictive controller.
UNIT VI (5 Hrs)
Optimization techniques and application, Single and multivariable optimization, line
programming , Sequential quadratic programming & reduced gradient optimization
technique & application, Introduction to geometric programming and dynamic
Basic principles of simulation, use of system simulation, tools for modeling & simulation,
types of system simulation. analog & digital simulation techniques, process simulation,
control system simulation, formulation of model for dynamic system & simulation on
analog computer.

Termwork: Students should perform at least eight assignments / tutorials based on
above syllabus using MATLAB or similar software package.

Suggested books:
1. Process control: Thomas E. Marlin, Mc Graw Hill Publication.
2. Chemical process control: Geoye stephanppolous, PHI private Limited
3. Process modeling, simulation and control for chemical Engineers William L. Luyben,
MC-Graw Hill Private Ltd.
4. Computer based Industrial control- Krishna Knt.
5. Practical process Instrumentation & control – J Matley (mn)
6. Chemical process simulation – Asghar Hussain
7. System simulation – Geoffery Gorden
8. System simulation with digital computer – Narsing Deo
9. Introduction to simulation – James Payne (MN)
10. Simulation modeling & analysis – Law Kelton (MN)
11. Simulation – A problem solving approach
12. Mat LAB & similink references.
13. Control system Engg. – Norman Nise
14. Chemical Process control theory & application – Gould

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme
Lectures: 4 Hrs/week Theory Paper: 100 Marks
Practical: 2 Hrs/week Term work: 50 marks

UNIT-I (4Hrs)
Project Engineering: Definition of Project, Project objectives, need, scope, Project
implementation and cost estimation, activity v/s documents, time scheduling, quality and
organization structure.
UNIT-II (4Hrs)
Basic and detailed engineering: Degree of automation, manpower consideration,
interdepartmental and interorganisation interactions, Multi Agency Interaction.
Project Engineering and Documentation: Document system, Process flow sheets, standard
symbols and legends, P and I diagrams, Instruments list, instrument index sheets,
instrumentation and Controls specification sheets, ANSI/ISA standards for instrument
UNIT-IV (8Hrs)
Detailed Engineering and Documentation: Plant layout drawing, loop schematics and
termination diagrams, hook up diagrams, wiring diagrams, interlock diagrams, isometrics,
installation sketches and bill of material, Control panel diagram, Instrument data sheet, check
list, legend sheet, test and progress report, control system documentation.
UNIT-V (4Hrs)
Cable Engineering: Different types of cables and tubing sizes and specifications, glanding
and termination, need for junction boxes, laying cable and tubing.
UNIT-VI (4Hrs)
Installation Practice for common instruments: Pressure gauge, temperature indicator and
element, rotameter, orifice assemblies, d. p. transmitter, pH electrode, control valve etc..,
Equipment level automation and role of hydraulics, pneumatic electronic devices and
systems. Power/air distribution system.
Project monitoring: PERT/CPM techniques, project bar chart, network diagram, fixing
critical path, project evaluation and review techniques, Procurement activities-tendering,
document review and approval, bid evaluation and purchase, inspection and testing.
Test procedure, Installation, commissioning and Construction activities: Factory acceptance
and site acceptance test, on site inspection report, front availability, installation and
commissioning activities and documentation, loop checking and commissioning instruments
and control systems, installation sketches, bill of material, contracting, cold commissioning
and hot commissioning, testing, trouble free start ups, post installation maintenance, spare
management, annual maintenance contract.

Term work: Term work shall consist of visiting to one of process industry and prepare all
related documentation (8 to 10 document sheets)

Suggested books:
1. Distributed Computer control for Industrial automation - Popovic and Bhtkar (Dekker).
2. Process Control - B.G.Liptak (Chilton)
3. Computer based Industrial control - Krishna Kant (PHI).
4. Microprocessor Based Process Control - C.D. Jhonson.
5. Process control Instrumentation Technology - C.D. Jhonson (4th Ed)
6. Programmable Logic controller - J.D.Otter (PHI).
7. Industrial Programmable Controller (ISA).
8. Applied Instrumentation – Andrews Williams

(Elective – II)

Teaching scheme Examination scheme
Lectures : 4 Hrs/week. Theory :100 marks
Practical : 2 Hrs/Week. Term work : 25 marks

1. Thermal Power Plant- (6 Hrs)
Method of power generation, layout and energy conversion process, Types of Boilers,
Types of Turbines, Types of Generators, Types of pumps and Fans; Material handling
system, study of all loops- water, steam, fuel etc.
2. Hydroelectric Power Plant- (6 Hrs)
Site selection, Hydrology, Estimation electric power to be developed, classification of
Hydropower plants, Types of Turbines pumped storage plants, storage reservoir plants.
3. Comparison of Thermal and Hydro Power Plant – (5 Hrs)
Performance, efficiency, site selection, Economics-capital and running, safety standards,
pollution, effluent management and handling.
4. Non conventional Energy Power Plant: (8 Hrs)
Wind, solar, sea tide, Nuclear, Geothermal, MHD, Biomas cogeneration Problems in
Harnessing these energy sources.
5. Parameter measurements: (6 Hrs)
Electrical Parameter measurement and control, current, voltage, power, power factor,
frequency, Trivectormeter. Non electricalfuel, flow, level, Air steam, temperature,
6. Thermal Power Plant Instrumentation: (6 Hrs)
Control and monitoring of combustion process Air to fuel ratio, three element drum level,
temperature, pressure, furnace draft, air, water, exhaust gas, Burner management system,
Automation strategy of power plant, Block diagram, control equipment, protections,
7. Turbine Instrumentation: (5 Hrs)
Speed calculation, valve actuation, Thermal stress control, vibration, eccentricity, axial
shift various control loops and interlocks.
Alternator Instrumentation Generator cooling systems, Hydrogen charging &
Discharging systems.
8. Pollution monitoring and control: (3 Hrs)
Sound, Air, smoke, dust, study of Electrostatic precipitator

Term work : The term work shall consists of the report submitted by student on visit to
power plants which is organized to impart first hand demonstration of Instrumentation system
of power plants.

1. Power Plant Engg.: Domkundwar
2. Process Control: Liptak
3. Energy Management Handbook: W.C. Taeruer
4. Pollution: M.N.Rao and H.V. Rao.
5. Power system control Technology – Torsten Cegrell (PMI)
6. Energy Technology Handbook, considine D.M.(MHR)
7 Solar Energy Technology vol I & II Dickinson & cheremision off.
8 Computer control & modeling- krishnkant.


Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme
Lectures: 4 Hrs/week Theory: 100 Marks
Practical’s: 2 Hrs/week Term work : 25 Marks

1. Introduction to Human Anatomy: (05Hrs)
Cell structure, basic cell functions, origin of bio_ potentials, and electrical activity of cells,
types of electrodes.
Physiological parameters & suitable transducer for its measurement, its operating principle.
2. Physiological Systems (08Hrs)
Cardio-vascular system: Structure of heart, cardiac cycle, ECG theory, blood pressure
measurement, blood flow measurement.
Central nervous system: Structure of neuron, different waveform generation, EEG theory,
Evoked response.
Respiratory system:-Natural process of breathing, Spiro meters, air flow measurement,
Oxygenators, Ventilator, Artificial respiration.
3. Recording & Monitoring Instruments (08Hrs)
Life saving Devices: Pacemaker, Defibrillator, Artificial Heart valves, Heart lung machine.
Imaging techniques: Telemetry, C.T, Endoscopy, and Sonography.
Cardiac arrhythmias & ambulatory monitoring System.
4. Bio potential Amplifiers: (04Hrs)
Designing of Instrumentation Amplifier, CMRR improvement Technique, IC based
instrumentation Amplifiers, Isolation Amplifiers, Isolated power Supplies and their
5. Clinical lab Instrumentation:- (05Hrs)
Blood component & there function Blood cell counter, Glucose measurement technique,
Urine analysis technique- PH electrode, PO2 Electrode, PCO2 electrode. Diathermy
X-ray machine: Introduction, Types, operation, Application.
6. Safety Measures: (04Hrs)
Electrical Safety: Macro shocks, micro shocks, Significance of Electrical Danger, ground
shock hazards, methods of Accident Prevention, line isolation system.
7. Recent Development in Biomedical Instrumentation: (07Hrs)
Kidney Instrumentation: Kidney structure, Regulation of water & Electrolyte balance,
Artificial Kidney Types, Dialysis system.
Laser Instrumentation: Laser Based Surgical Devices, Instrumentation in Cryogenic,
Instrumentation in MRI, Wireless biosensors for health monitoring.

1. Visit to Well Equipped hospital. Prepare detail report on it.
2. Measure Diastolic & systolic blood pressure by using Spagmomanometer.
3. Study of ECG, EEG Waveforms
4. Design of Bio Instrumentation Amplifier
5. Design Signal Conditioning Circuits with Amplifiers to measure Human body

Reference Books:
1. Carr & Brown,’ Introduction To Biomedical Equipment Technology’
2. R. S. Khandpur,’ Handbook of Biomedical Instrumentation’, TMH.
1. Jacobsons & Webster,’ Medicine and Clinical Engineering’, PHI
2. Cromwell,’ Biomedical Instrumentation and Measurements’, PHI
3. Bronzino,’ The Biomedical Engineering Handbook’, IEEE Press
4. Feenberg,’Applied Chemical Engineering’
5. K. Kirk Shung, Michael B. Smith, Benjamin Tsui ‘Principles of Medical Imaging’,-Pub:
Academic Press.
6. Carruth,’ Medical Laser Applications’
7. Sliney & Trokal,’Medical Lasers & their safe Use’
8. Human Physiology: The Mechanism of Body Function by Vander, Sherman, TMH Ed.
9.Biomedical Digital Signal Processing by Tompkins.


Teaching scheme Examination scheme
Lectures: 4 Hrs/week. Theory: 100 marks
Practical: 2 Hrs/Week. Term work: 25 marks

Adaptive Signal processing: (08 Hrs.)
Basic of adaptive filtering, adaptive direct form FIR filters, lest means square algorithm,
RLS algorithm,
Echo cancellers: multi rate filters, QMF, fuzzy signals-signal description, network
implementation, neuro-fuzzy processing of signals.
Multirate Signal Processing: (06 Hrs.)
Introduction, decimation by a factor D, Interpolation by a factor I, sampling rate conversion
by a rational factor I/D, filter design & implementation for sampling rate conversion,
multistage implementation of sampling rate conversion, sampling rate conversion of band
pass signals, sampling rate conversion by an arbitrary factor, application.
Statistical Digital Signal processing. (06 Hrs.)
Introduction, Random process, random signal, Statistical properties of random signal, power
density spectrum,DTFT of the cross correlation sequence, estimation of
autocorrelation,periodogram,use of DFT in power spectrum estimation, performance
characteristic of nonparametric power spectrum estimation
Digital Signal Processor (14 Hrs.)
Hardware architecture, introduction to fixed point and floating point, DSP proecssors,
architecture features of TMS320C67XX: computational units, bus architecture and memory,
data addressing, address generator unit, programme control, programme
Sequencer, pipelining, interrupts, features of external interfacinf,on-chip peripherals,
hardware timers, host interface port, clock generator, SPORT.

UNIT-V (10 Hrs.)

Programming of TMS320C 67XX
Instruction set of TMS320C67XX, programme using TMS320C67XX e.g. wave generator,
matrix multiplication,3 sample average program on pipeline operation,DFT,FIR,IIR

Term work: Term work shall consist of at least eight experiments/ assignments based on
TMS320C67XX processor kit

Reference books:
1. J. G. Proakis and D. G. Manolakis- Digital signal processing - Principles algorithms
and Application. PHI publication.
2. A.V. Oppenheim and R.W. Schaffer, Digital signal processing, PHI publication.
3. T.J. Terrel and Lik Kwan-Digital signal processing.
4. D.J.Deffatta-Digital signal processing - A system design approach.
5. E.C. Ifeachor and B. W. Jervis - Digital signal processing - A practical approach.
6. S.K.MITRA “digital signal processing-A computer based approch”Tata McGraw Hill
7. TMS 320C67XX DSP manual.
8. DSP Processors fundamentals architecture and features,Piscataway,N.J.IEEE,1997,
LAPSLEY P.,Bier j.,shohan A,Lee E.a.


Teaching scheme Examination scheme
Lectures: 4 Hrs/week. Theory: 100 marks
Practical: 2 Hrs/Week. Term work: 25 marks.

Unit 1: Introduction to Embedded systems: (5Hrs)
Processor in Embedded system, Hardware units, Software embedded into a system, Process
of selection for embedded system, memory and I/O devices, interrupt servicing mechanism,
interrupt latency, context switching.
Unit 2: ARM Processor: (7Hrs)
CISC and RISC processors architecture, ARM organization, ARM Programmers model,
operating modes, Nomenclature, Core Extensions . ARM Design Philosophy, Embedded
System Hardware, Embedded System Software, and ARM Processor Fundamentals:
Registers, Current Program Status Register, Pipeline Exceptions, Interrupts and the Vector
table, ARM 7 families, Introduction to ARM 7/ ARM 9. AMBA Bus architecture.
Unit 3: ARM Instruction Set: (7 Hrs)
Introduction to ARM and Thumb instruction set, Data processing instructions, branch
instructions, load-store instructions, software interrupts instructions, program status register
instructions, stack instructions and conditional execution. Assembly language programming.
ARM (32 bit) and THUMB (16 bit) operating modes. Switching between ARM and THUMB
Unit 4: Exception and Interrupt handling :(4Hrs)
Exception types in ARM, exception handling, External interrupt, software interrupts
handling, abort handling .Memory management unit (MMU), Virtual memory, multitasking
and the MMU, Page tables, Translation Look Aside Buffer, Fast Context Switch Extension
Unit 5: Real Time Operating System: (7 Hrs)
Operating system services, Real time and embedded system OS. Types of RTOS hardware &
software RTOS. Scheduling policies, priority round robin, effective release time and dead
line, clock driven approach. Preemptive Kernel, Non preemptive Kernel, monolithic versus
micro kernel, priority inheritance protocol, priority ceiling protocol. Messages, queues,
mailboxes and paper, timer function, events, memory management, interrupt basic system
design using RTOS, task structures and priority.
Unit 6: RTOS Programming Tools: (5Hrs)
Overview of Commercial RTOS like VxWorks, RTLINUX, MUCOS, QNX, Software
development cycle.
Unit 7: Example of Embedded system design: (5Hrs)
Problem specification, resolving timing problem, use of an RTOS, work division into tasks
dealing with shared data, encapsulating semaphores and queues, saving space and power.
Case study of embedded systems like Automatic Vending Machine and Adaptive control
system in car.

Term Work :
Student should perform at least eight practicals from following list
1. Simulation software of ARM processor
2. Study of Timers of ARM
3. Interfacing of LEDs to ARM board
4. Interfacing of LCD to ARM board
5. Interfacing of keyboard and LCD to ARM board
6. Analog to Digital Converter with ARM
7. Digital to analog Converter / PWM with ARM
8. Implementation of I2C protocol
9. Implementation of SPI protocol
10. Implementation of USB protocol

Reference Books:
1. Andrew Sloss, Dominic Symes, Charis Wright ,”ARM Developers Guide”.
2. Raj Kamal ,”Embedded Systems Architecture Programming, Design”.
3. Frank Vajid,”Embedded system design”,PHI
4. David Simon, “Embedded Systems software primer”, Pearson


Teaching scheme Examination scheme
Practical: 6 Hrs/Week. Term work: 100 marks.
Oral: 100 marks

The term work will consist of continuous assessment of project work allotted to the
students in project work phase I. It may be Department /Industrial Sponsored/ self defined.
The project will be designed, fabricated and tested & presented to the Guide & staff. The
marks will be based on the project activities, oral examination and project report.

EQUIVALENCE FOR B.E. (Instrumentation)

Sr.No.   Pre-revised subjects                          Sr.No.          Revised subjects
1 Process Instrumentation - II                       1 Advanced Process Instrumentation
2 Instrumentation system design                    2 Instrumentation system design
3 Digital signal Processing                             3 Digital signal Processing
4 Advanced Industrial Automation                4 Industrial Automation -II
5 Elective I                                                      5 Elective I
6 Project Design & Seminar                          6 Project Work Phase-1 & Seminar

B.E. (Instrumentation) Part –II
Sr. No.  Pre-revised subjects              Sr. No.   Revised subjects
1 Intelligent Field Instrumentation    1 Field Instrumentation & Networks
2 Process Modeling & Simulation       2 Process Modeling & Simulation
3 Project Planning Estimation &        3 Project Planning Estimation &
Assessment                                          Assessment
4 Elective II
5 Elective II                                       

5 Project Work & viva voce
5 Project Work Phase II & viva voce

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