Friday, 11 May 2012

SHIVAJI UNIVERSITY , KOLHAPUR STRUCTURE OF THE B.E. (ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING) COURSE S.E. (ENVIRONMENTAL .ENGINEERING)-I


S.E. (Environmental Engg.) Part I

1. ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY

Teaching Scheme: Examination Scheme:
Lectures: 3 Hrs/week Theory : 100 marks
Practical: 2 Hrs/week Term work: 50 marks
Oral : 25 marks

SECTION I

Unit 1.
Significance of Chemistry in Environmental Engineering, Basic concepts
form general chemistry, gas laws, Chemical equilibrium 3

Unit 2
.Basic Concepts from physical chemistry, Thermodynamics – Heat & work, energy,
enthalpy, entropy, Vapour pressure of liquids, Binary mixtures, Solutions of solids in
liquids, Osmosis, Dialysis, Principles of solvent extraction, Electro Chemistry, Chemical
Kinetics Catalysis, Adsorption. 4

Unit 3.
Basic Concepts from Organic Chemistry, Sources and properties of organic
compound, structural and ring formulae of common organic compounds, their
properties and significance Aliphatic compounds, Aromatic compounds, Heterocyclic
compounds, common food and related compounds – Carbohydrates, Fats, Oils &
Waxes, Proteins, Trace organics, Detergents, Pesticides. 5

Unit 4.
Basic Concepts from equilibrium and Colloidal Chemistry, Equilibrium Problems,
Acids & Bases, Buffers, Solubility of Salts, Oxidation-reduction reactions,
introduction to colloidal chemistry, Colloidal dispersion in liquid & air. 4

Unit 5.
Basic Concepts from Biochemistry, Introduction, Enzymes, Co-factors,
Biochemistry of carbohydrates, Proteins, Fats & Oil, Biochemistry of human. 4

SECTION II

Unit 6.
Basic Concepts from Nuclear Chemistry, Introduction, Atomic structures, stable &
Radio active nuclides, Nuclear reactions, Nuclear fission & fusion. Effects of
radiation on man. 5

Unit 7.
Basic Concepts from quantitative chemistry, Significance of quantitative
measurements, Standard methods of analysis, Gravimetric analysis, Volumetric
analysis, Colourimetry, Physical methods of analysis. 5

Unit 8.
Instrumental methods of analysis, Optical methods, electrical methods, Gas
chromatography 5

Unit 9.
Pollution parameters of water & waste water, Definition & estimation of Turbidity,
pH, Acidity, Alkalinity, Hardness, Chlorides, DO, BOD, COD, Nitrogen, Solids,
Fluorides, Sulphate, TOC 5

Term Work:

A Journal consisting of Experiments based on following practicals.
1. Determination of pH, Turbidity, Colour
2. Determination of Solids (SS,DS,VS,TS)
3. Determination of Conductivity.
4. Determination of Chloride.
5. Determination of Hardness (Total, Permanent, Temporary)
6. Determination of Iron & Manganese
7. Determination of Ammonia, Nitrite, Nitrate
8. Determination of Sulphate & Phosphorous

Reference books:
1. Chemistry for Environmental Engineering
By-C.N. Sawyer & P.L. McCarty
McGraw-Hill Book Company
2. Aquatic Chemistry
By-Stumm & Morgan
3. Environmental Chemistry
By-A.K. De
Wiley Estern Ltd.
4. A text book of Environmental Chemistry & Pollution Control
By- S.S. Dara
S. Chand Publications, New Delhi
5. APHA – AWWA – WPCE Standard methods for Examination of Water &
Waste water
6. NEERI Manual on Water & Waste Water analysis
7. IS Codes 2490, 3306, 3307, 10500

S.E. (Environmental Engg.) Part I

2. ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS – III
Teaching Scheme Examination
Scheme
Lectures: 4 Hrs/week Theory :100
marks
Tutorial : 1 Hr/week Term Work : 25
marks

SECTION – I
.
Unit 1
Linear Differential Equations: Linear Differential Equations with constant
coefficients, Homogenous Linear differential equations
[6]

Unit 2
Partial differential equations: Four standard forms of partial differential
equations of first order.
[6]

Unit 3
Vector Calculus: Differentiation of vectors, Velocity and acceleration, Gradient
of scalar point function, Directional derivative, Divergence of vector point
function, Curl of a vector point function.
[6]

Unit 4
Vector Integration: The line integral, Surface integral, volume integral, Gauss’s
Divergence theorem, Stoke’s theorem, Green’s theorem (Without proof).
Irrotational and solenoidal vector field.
[6]

SECTION – II

Unit 5
Curve Fitting: Fitting of Curves by method of Least-squares, Coefficient of
correlation, Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient and lines of regression of
bivariate data.
[6]

Unit 6
Probability: Random variable, Discrete and continuous random variable.
Probability mass function and probability density function, Probability
distribution for random variables, Binomial, Poisson and Normal distributions.
[6]

Unit 7
Test of Significance: Hypothesis, Statistic, Sampling distribution, Critical region.
Z-test for mean, equality of means, proportion and equality of proportion.
t-test for mean, equality of means, Paired t-test. Chi-square test for goodness of fit
and for independence of attributes.
[7]

Unit 8
Convergence of Series: Ratio test, integral test, comparison test, Cauchy’s root
test, Raabe’s test, Logarithmic test. Absolute and uniform convergence
(Weirstrass’s M- test).
[7]

Term Work:
1. Batchwise tutorials are to be conducted.
2. Minimum number of assignments should be 8 covering all topics.

Reference Books:
1. A text book of Applied Mathematics: Vol. I, II and III by J. N. Wartikar &
P. N. Wartikar , Vidyarthi Griha Prakashan, Pune.
2. Higher Engineering Mathematics by Dr. B. S. Grewal.
3. Advanced Engineering Mathematics by Erwin Kreyszig.
4. Probability and Statistics for Engineers by Douglas Montgomeri.
.
S. E. (Environmental Engg.) Part I

3. SURVEYING, REMOTE SENSING AND GIS

Teaching Scheme Examination
Scheme
Lectures: 3 Hrs/week Theory : 100 Marks
Practical: 2 Hrs/week Termwork: 25 Marks
Tutorial: 1 Hr/week POE : 50 Marks

SECTION I: SURVEYING

Unit 1: Introduction to Surveying
Definition of Surveying, Principles, Classification, Types, Plain and Geodetic Surveying,
Application in Environmental Engineering, Basics of Angle, Distance and Height
measurements 3

Unit 2: Leveling and Traversing
Leveling, Terms, Principles, Dumpy and Auto Levels, Reduction of Levels, Precision
Leveling, Contouring, Application of contouring, Theodolite, Types and parts,
Measurement of Horizontal and Vertical Angles, Theodolite traverse, Electronic
Theodolite and its advantages over conventional Theodolite, Tachometry, Principle,
Tachometry Survey 6

Unit 3: EDM and Total Station
EDM, Principles, Types, Angle measurements, Total Stations, Principle, Propagation of
Electromagnetic Energy (EME) in the atmosphere and its application to EME ranging,
Total Station Surveys
5

Unit 4: Global Positioning System (GPS)
GPS Definition, Principles, Types, Applications in Land, Water and Air, Satellite
Positioning; Differential GPS; Kinematic GPS; Accuracy of Differential GPS; Surveys
by GPS, Introduction to MAPSEND, Exercises
6

SECTION II : REMOTE SENSING AND GIS

Unit 5: Introduction to Remote Sensing
Definition, Physics of Remote Sensing, Electromagnetic Radiation and its Interactions
with atmosphere, Platforms and Sensors, Aerial Photographs, Active and Passive
Sensors, Data Products, Various Satellites in Orbit and their sensors
8

Unit 6: Image Processing and Interpretation
Data analysis - Visual Interpretation and Digital Image Processing, classification
4

Unit 7: Introduction to Geographical Information Systems
Overview of GIS, Definitions, Components, Applications GIS Data, Models Projections
and Coordinate Systems, Digitizing, Attribute Data, Spatial Data, Spatial Analysis,
Implementation Issues and the Future of GIS, Introduction to IDRISI and CARTALINX
Software, Exercises 8

Term work:

Consisting of any eight practicals given below.
1. Introduction to Surveying Engineering; Types of land surveys; Instruments.
2. Measurements and Errors; Units; Significant Figures; Types of Errors; Precision
and Accuracy; Error Propagation.
3. Distance Measurements: Taping; Electronic Distance Measurement.
4. Leveling; Differential Leveling; Trigonometric Leveling; Adjustments.
5. Field Operations with Transits, Theodolite and Total Stations.
6. Traversing. Computations and Adjustment of Measurements.
7. Area Calculations: Closed polygons, Irregular boundaries, Circular boundaries.
8. GPS Survey and Use of MAPSEND software
9. Visual Interpretation of imagery and aerial photographs
10. Digital Interpretation of imagery and aerial photographs
11. Image Processing on IDRISI and CARTALINX
12. Preparation of Thematic maps

Reference Books

1. Advanced Surveying by Satish Gopi, R. Sathikumar and N. Madhu
2. Remote Sensing and GIS by Anji Reddy
3. Advanced Surveying by Agor R.
4. Future Trends in Remote Sensing by Prebel Gudmandes
5. Scale in Remote sensing and GIS by Dale A. Quattrochi
6. Sensors and Environmental applications of Remote Sensing by Jam Askne
7. Surveying by Kanitkar, Kulkarni
8. Surveying by Duggal
9. Surveying by Arora

S.E. (Environmental Engg.) Part – I

4. FLUID MECHANICS

Teaching scheme: Examination Scheme
Lecture: 3 Hrs/ week Theory :100 marks
Practical: 2 Hrs/ week Term Work:25 marks
Tutorial: 1 Hr/ Week Oral :25 marks

SECTION I

Unit 1: Introduction
Scope and importance of subject, properties of fluid and units of measurements, Ideal
fluid and Real fluid (3)

Unit 2: Fluid Statics
Hydrostatic pressure forces: Pressure, pressure head, atmospheric-gauge and absolute
pressure, pressure measurement by manometers and gauges, Total pressure forces on
plane and curved immersed objects, concept of pressure diagram. (7)

Unit 3: Fluid Kinematics
Fundamentals of Fluid flow, Velocity and acceleration of fluid particle, Types of flow,
Discharge and continuity equations (4)

Unit 4: Fluid Dynamics
Equations of motion, Bernoulli’s theorem, Types of hydraulic energy and energy head,
concept of HGL and TEL Applications of Bernoulli’s equation viz. orifice, mouthpiece,
venturimeter, orifice meter (6)

SECTION II

Unit 5: Flow through pipes
Laminar and turbulent flow, Reynold’s experiment, major and minor losses through pipe,
pipes in series and parallel, two-three reservoir problem, Hagen-Poisculle and Darcy-
Weischbach equation, water hammer phenomenon, Hydrodynamic ally smooth and rough
surfaces, introduction to Moody’s chart and monograms. (8)

Unit 6: Flow through open channel
Difference between open channel flow and flow through pipes, classification of open
channel flow, uniform flow formulae and their application, specific energy curve,
hydraulically most efficient channel sections. Introduction to Hydraulic jump, uses of
Hydraulic jump. (6)

Unit 7: Flow measurement in open channel flow
Measurement of velocity by Pitot tube, current meter, surface float and velocity rods,
Measurement of discharge by notches and weirs,
Flow through venture flume, parshall flume.
Measurement of discharge by slope-area, velocity-area method. (6)

Term Work

At least six experiments from the following
1. Study of pressure measurement devices
2. Verification of Bernoulli’s Theorem
3. Calibration of an orifice
4. Calibration of an orifice meter / Venturimeter
5. Study of factors affecting coefficient of friction for pipe flow
6. Determination of head loss due to sudden expansion, contraction, elbow, bend,
7. Study of Monogram / Moodys’ Chart
8. To study the flow through a horizontal contraction in a rectangular channel.
9. To calibrate a rectangular / triangular/ broad-crested weir.
10. To study the characteristics of free hydraulic jump.

Reference Books

1. Hydraulics and fluid mechanics- Modi Seth-Standard Book House, Delhi
2. Fluid Mechanics-A. K. Jain – Khanna Publication, Delhi
3. S. Nagrathanam - Khanna Publication, Delhi
4. Garde Mirajgaokar- Nemchand & Brothers, Roorkee
5. Hydraulics and fluid mechanics Bansal

S. E. (Environmental Engg.) Part I

5. ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SANITATION

Teaching Scheme Examination
Scheme:
Lecture: 3 Hrs. / Week Theory :100
Marks
Tutorial: 1 Hr / Week Term Work: 25
Marks

SECTION –I

Unit 1: Ecology
Definition, Ecosystem, Classification of ecosystems on the basis of source and level of
energy, Components of an ecosystem, Different ecosystem existing in nature, Energy
flow in ecosystem, Food chain, Food web, Trophic levels, Biogeochemical cycles,
Population dynamics, Population distribution and growth forms. Interaction such as
competition, co-existence, pray predator among different species, Effect of pollution and
human activities on ecological balance.
…6

Unit 2: Environmental Sanitation:
Public health activities of WHO, Government, Municipalities, Health care system in
India, Role of environmental engineer in sanitation. Building byelaws for sanitation
requirements of Market, Slaughter house, Theater, Swimming pool, Institutional
buildings and other places.
…4

Unit 3: Communicable Diseases:
Epidemics, Transmission of diseases, General measures to control disease, Phelp’s
principle, Diseases transmitted through air, water, food, contacts and preventative
measures
…4

Unit 4: Insects vector & Rodent Control:
Life cycle of mosquitoes, housefly and other carriers of diseases, Prevention and control
of insect vectors, rodents and diseases transmitted by them such as malaria, plague etc.
…3

Unit 5: Milk & Food Sanitation:
Milk and food as vehicles of infection. Essential of milk sanitation, Pasteurization and its
methods. Food poisoning, types, prevention and control
…3

SECTION II

Unit 6: Housing
Housing, Concept of healthful housing, Blighted area and causes of slum development,
Criteria for good housing, Housing standards.
Ventilation, Effects of occupancy, Standards of ventilation, Types of ventilation & Air
conditioning, fire suppression & protection systems.
…5

Unit 7: Plumbing & House drainage
Plumbing, Principles, Plumbing fixtures requirements, materials for plumbing,
Definition of common terms, Types of trap, layout and system of plumbing, Two pipe
and One pipe system, Single stack system, Piping installation and testing. Maintenance &
repairs of plumbing fixtures & facilities
…6

Unit 8: Industrial Hygiene and Safety:
Concept of occupational health, ergonomics, Occupational environment, Occupational
Hazard, General, Medical and Engineering measures for health protection of worker,
Legislation.
…5

Unit 9: Vital Statistics:
Uses and sources of vital statistics, birth and death certification, indicators of community
health, morbidity & mortality rates, causes and factors affecting morbidity, infants
mortality rates.
…4

Term Work:

A Journal consisting of
a) At least five assignments based on above units.
b) A field visit for study of an ecosystem and its report.

Reference Books:

1. Municipal Sanitation- Ethler & Steel
2. Environmental Sanitation – Salvato
3. Fundamentals of Ecology: M. C. Dash (TMH publication)
4. Ecology: Odum
5. Preventive & Social Medicine: J. E Parks
6. Concept of Ecology: E. J Kormondy (PHI Publication)
7. Plumbing- Design & practice: S.G.Deolalikar, TMH
8. Plumbing Engineering- Theory & practice: Prof. S.M.Patil, Seema publications
Mumbai.

S.E (Environmental Engg. ) Part I

6. PROGRAMMING LABORATORY

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme:
Lecturer : 2 Hrs / Week Term work: 50 Marks
Practical : 2 Hrs / Week

SECTION I

Unit 1
Matrix Algebra on Computers: Linear combination, Multiplication, Inversion, Memory
management for symmetric matrices, banded matrix 2

Unit 2
Numerical techniques: 1) Solution of equations by Regular false method, Bisection
method, Newton Raphson Method.
2) Solution of linear simultaneous equations by Gauss elimination, Gauss Jordan, Gauss
Jacobin, Gauss Siedel method. 4

Unit 3
Numerical solution of Differential Equation by Euler’s method and Runge- Kutta method.
5

Unit 4
Numerical Integration – Trapezoidal rule, Simpsons rule, Weddles rules. 3

SECTION II

Unit 5
Level survey project to estimate RL of point by Collimation plane method, Rise& Fall
method. Adjustments of closed Travers- GALES Table 4

Unit 6
Water flow analysis in pipe network. 2

Unit 7
Study of Auto-CAD basic commands with focus on 2-D drawing 3

Unit 8
Auto CAD: Elementary concept of Blocks & layers 5

Term Work:

1. All topics from unit 1 to unit 6 shall be looked upon from the view of programme
development in any convenient language either C, VB, FORTRAN or other & Term
work shall include minimum six assignments based on these 6 units.
2. Termwork consisting of about ten assignments &at least one assignment on each unit.

Reference Books:

1. Computer Fundamentals by Oka Milind M. Everest publishing house, Pune.
2. Fundamentals of Computer by Rajaraman V. PHI (India), New Delhi.
3. Basic Computer Programming by Jain V.K, Pustak Mahal.
4. Visual Basic 6 by Thayer Rob, Technomedia , New Delhi.
5. Teach Yourself Visual Basic 6 by Warner Scott, TMH New Delhi
6. Surveying & Leveling by Duggal.
7. Surveying by Punmia.

S.E. (Environmental Engg.) Part II

1. ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY

Teaching scheme: Examination scheme:
Lectures: 3 Hrs/week Theory :100 marks
Tutorial: 1 Hr/week Term Work: 25 marks
Practical: 2 Hrs/week Oral Exam : 25 marks

SECTION I

Unit-1: General Microbiology:
Microscopic flora and fauna concerned to Environmental Engineering, Classification and
characteristics of bacteria, Morphology of bacteria, Reproduction and growth of bacteria,
Culture techniques, Gram staining, Microscopic methods, MPN and Plate count,
Membrane filter techniques. (7)

Unit-2: Algae, Fungi & Moulds
Classification of Algae, Fungi, Moulds, Protozoa, Role of algae in symbiosis, factors
affecting algal growth, ,their role in Waste water treatment, Eutrophication.
(5)

Unit-3: Metabolism and Principles:
Nutritional requirements of bacteria, Autotrophic and Heterotrophic nature, concept of
anabolism, catabolism, metabolic cycles in bacteria. Dependence of metabolism on
enzymes, structure of enzymes, types, factors affecting enzyme reactions, Michaelis
Menton Equation, inhibition, activation and specificity of enzymes, Aerobic, Anaerobic
Metabolisms, energy transfer process in metabolism, structure of NAD,NADP,ATP &
their role in metabolism. (8)

SECTION II

Unit-4: Microbiology of Air, Water and Soil:
Indicator organisms (Bioindicators) of various pollutions E-Coli & other bacteria
polluted water, their significance in Environmental Engineering, isolation of E-coli from
polluted water, biogeochemical cycles and roles of soil microorganisms.
(6)

Unit-5: Virology:
Types of virus, characteristics and enumeration methods,. Lysogeny & Lytic cycles of
bacteria & characters governed by viruses to bacteria.
(2)

Unit-6: Microbial metabolism
Microbial metabolism of heavy metals and pesticides, general interaction between
Microbes and metals, microbial transformation of Arsenic, Mercury, Lead, Cadmium,
Selenium, Tin, Tellurium. Metabolism of hydrocarbons, pesticides, Petroleum, Benzene,
Toluene, Xylem, DDT, BHC. Concepts of Bio concentration, Bio Magnification, Bio
accumulation, Bio leaching of ores. (8)

Unit-7: Industrial Microbiology:
Screening, stock culture, Innoculum preparation, Medium formation and scale up
procedures, Types of fermentation, SCP production. (4)

Term work

A Journal consisting of any eight practicals from the following
1. Microscopic examination of sample, Gram Staining.
2. Spread plate technique, poured plate technique.
3. Methods of maintenance of stock culture.
4. Membrane filter technique.
5. MPN test.
6. Bacteriological examination of recreational water.
7. Isolation of E-coli from given sample.
8. Detection of fungi & protozoa.
9. Gas chromatography.
10. Spectrophotometer.
11. Atomic absorption.
12. Bacteriological analysis of drinking water.

Reference books:

1 Microbiology- Pelzer and Reid.
2 Microbiology for Sanitary Engineer – McKinney R.E., McGraw Hill.
3 Outlines of Biochemistry – Conn and Stumpf.
4 Standard methods for examination of water and wastewater – 16th or later
editions of AWWA, APHA.
5 Biological processes in pollution control – Pichai R and Govindan V.S.
Anna University, Chennai.
6 Waste water Engg – Metcalf and Eddy, T M H publication.

S.E. (Environmental) Part II

2.ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY

Teaching Scheme
Examination Scheme
Lectures – 3 Hrs/Week
Practical – 2 Hrs/Week
Theory – 100 Marks
Term Work – 25 Marks
POE – 25 Marks

SECTION I

Unit-1: Introduction to Geology & Environmental Geology.
Subdivisions of Geology, scope of Environmental Geology outer zone’s & interior of the
earth, continents & ocean floors, isostasy.
3

Unit-2: Physical Geology: -
Weathering, erosion & denudation.
Geological work of River – Processes and features of erosion and deposition, River
meandering, environmental impact of the work of river.
Geological work of wind – Processes and features of erosion and deposition, causes of
desertification, remedial measures.
Types of mountains.
5

Unit-3: Mineralogy and Petrology -
Mineralogy –Definition, Physical properties and classification of minerals.
Petrology – Igneous Rocks – Textures and Structures, Concondant and discondant
intrusions, Classification of igneous rocks, important types.
Sedimentary rocks – Textures and Structures, Formation of Sedimentary rocks,
Classification, Residual rocks. 6

Unit 4: Structural Geology –
Importance of structural Geology, Types of structures such as Joints, Folds, Faults and
their types, Importance of structures for Engineering students, Unconformity and its types.
3

Unit 5 – Mineral Resources -
Metallic and nonmetallic minerals, mineral resources of India, Imparts of Mining
activities on the environment, Environmental Management in mining.
4

Section II

Unit 6: Natural Hazards –
Nature, environmental security and hazard zoning, Risk assessment analysis, strategies
for harzard imitigation.
Earthquakes – Causes, Effects, Recording of earthquake.
Landslides – Causes and remedial measures.
Volcanoes – Types & Environmental effects.
Floods – Causes, Flood Management. 4

Unit 7: Preliminary Geological Investigations:
Various steps in the geological studies of a project site, Engineering consideration of
structural features like dip, strike, joints, fractures, faults, folds, dyke etc, Exploratory
drilling observations during the process of drilling, Preservation of cores, core logging,
core recovery, R.Q.D., Graphical representation of core log, Limitations of exploratory
drilling method, Remote Sensing and GIS applications.
8

Unit No. 8- Dams and Reservoirs
Geotechnical consideration and environmental impact, effects of geological structures,
Seismicity conditions, Reservoir Induced seismicity (RIS), Environmental impact of
water impoundment, alternatives to big dams.
5

Unit No. 9 – Environmental laws and regulations
Environmental Policy in India, Laws regarding mining, groundwater exploitation.
Protection and improvement of natural environment in India. 3

Practical and Term work

1. Study of Identification and Physical properties of the following minerals.
Varieties of Silica, Orthoclase, Plagioclase, Zeolite, Muscovite, Biotite, Augite,
Hornblende, Olivine, Talc, Chlorite, Kyanite, Asbestos, Beryl, Garnet, Calcite,
Gypsum, Fluorite, Corundum, Hematite, Magnetite, Limonite, Pyrite, Psilomelane,
Chromite, Chalcopyrite, Galena, Malachite, Graphite
2. Study of Identification and Physical properties of the following Rocks.
Igneous Rocks: Plutonic Rocks: Granite, Pink Granite, Porphyritic Granite,
Syenite, Diorite, Gabbro, Hypabyssal Rocks: Pegmatite, Dolerite, Volcanic
Rocks: Rhyolite, Pumic, Trachyte, Andesite, Varieties of Basalt, Obsedian,
Secondary Rocks: Laterite, Bauxite, Conglomerate, Braccia, Sandstone, Grit,
Shale, Limestone, Oolitic, Fossil ferrous Limestone, Metamorphic Rocks: Slate,
Phyllite, Mica Schist, Biotite schist, Chlorite Schist, Kyanite Schist, Granite
Gneiss, Augen Gneiss, Marble, Quartzite
3. Study of different Types of Geological Maps, Sections and Their Engineering
Significances
4. Determination average annual rainfall
5. Educational Visits from Environmental Geology point of view.
Submission of visit report is mandatory.
6. Term work consisting of practical record in the form of journal

Reference Books -

1) Environmental Geology – Donald Coates.
2) Holmes Principles of Physical Geology.
3) A test book of Engg. and General Geology – Parbin Singh
4) Environmental Geology – Indian Context – K.S.Valdiya, TMH Publication.
5) Natural Environment and Constitution of India – P.R.Trivedi, Ashish
Publishing, New Delhi.
6) Textbook of Geology by P. K. Mukharji
7) General Geology by Radhakrishnan
8) Geomorphology and Hydrology by Small R. J.
9) Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation by Kiefer and Lilleesand
10) Environmental Geology by Edward A Keller
11) Rutley’s Elements of Mineralogy by H. H. Read

Principles of Petrology b G. W. Tyrrell

S. E. (Environmental Engg.)Part-II

3. WATER SUPPLY ENGINEERING

Teaching scheme: Examination Scheme
Lecture : 3 Hrs/ week Theory : 100 marks
Practical: 2 Hrs/ week Term Work:50 marks
Oral Exam: 25 marks

SECTION I

Unit – 1
Water Supply Engineering: Quantity of water, population forecasting, rate of
consumption for various purposes, factors affecting consumption, fluctuation in demand.
(3 )

Unit – 2
Sources of water: Surface water sources, Ground water Sources, estimation of yield from
various ground water sources, Quality of water, drinking water standards, Physical,
Chemical and Bacteriological analysis of water.
(4 )

Unit – 3
Collection and conveyance of water, Intake works, conveyance of water, Economic size
of rising main, friction formulae.
(3 )

Unit – 4
Pumping stations: Classification of pumps, selection of pumps, location of pumping
station, head discharge characteristics, pump in series and pumps in parallel operation
(3 )

Unit – 5
Treatment of water – Necessity, Development of flow sheet for different sources of water,
aeration, two film theory of gas transfer, types of aerators, theory of coagulation and
flocculation, Rapid mix and slow mix units, Design of mechanical flocculator, Theory of
settling, Design of sedimentation tank, filtration process, Hydraulics of flow through
porous media, classification of filters. Design of rapid sand filter.
(8 )

SECTION II

Unit – 6
Disinfection, Methods of disinfection, physical & chemical disinfecantants, factors
affecting disinfection, chemistry of chlorination.
(3 )

Unit – 7
Water softening- Lime soda process, recarbonation, ion exchange.
(3 )

Unit – 8
Miscellaneous treatments, removal of colour, taste and odour, iron and manganese.
(
3 )

Unit – 9
Water supply schemes – gravitational, pumping and combined schemes, Pumps, Pumping
stations, transmission of water, materials of water supply pipes, design of gravity and
pumping main, distribution systems, different layout of pipe networks, network analysis,
house connection from mains, different valves, meters and hydrants, storage reservoirs,
balancing reservoir, detection and prevention of leaks in the distribution systems,
maintenance of distribution systems.
(
8)

Unit – 10
Pre-feasibility and Feasibility report, Preparation of DPR
(2)

Term Work:

1. Analysis of parameters like pH, Alkalinity, Hardness, Chlorides, DO
2. Design & Drawing of various units based on above theory.
3 A visit to water treatment plant & report.

Reference Books:

1. Manual of Water Supply and Treatment (3rd ed)- Ministry of Urban
Development, New Delhi, 1991.
2. Water Treatment plant Design – American Society of Civil Engineering,
McGraw-Hill Publisher, 1997.
3. Water Supply and Sewerage - Steel and McGhee, McGraw Hill NY, latest ed.
4. Water Quality and Treatment Handbook -American Water Works
Association, McGraw-Hill Pub. 1999.
5. Mark J. Hammer & Mark J. Hammer Jr., Water and Waste Water
Technology, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., 1998, New Delhi.
6. Fair, Geyer & Okun, Water & Waste Water Engineering, John Wiley, 1966,
New York.
7. Ernest W. Steel & Terence J. Mc Ghee, Water Supply & Sewage, McGraw
Hill, 1990, New York.
8. Water Resources Engineering – Larry W Mays, Wiley Text Books, 2000 .

S.E. (Environmental Engg.) Part II

4. ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMO DYNAMICS

Teaching scheme: Examination scheme:
Lectures: 3 Hrs/week Theory :100 Marks
Practical: 2 Hrs/week Term Work: 50 Marks

SECTION- I

Unit 1
Chemo dynamics :- Definition, Introduction, Routes of Entry of Anthropogenic
Chemicals to Human 2

Unit 2
Transport Fundamentals :– Diffusion, Dispersion, Advection, Basic Transport
Equation, Mass Transfer, Mass Transformation, Intraphase and Interface
Transport 5

Unit 3
Equilibrium – Definition, Chemical Equilibrium at Environmental Interfaces,
Thermal Equilibrium at Environmental Interfaces, Various Chemical Equilibrium
Models 5

Unit 4
Intraphase Transport and Fate of Chemicals : – Chemical Transport and Fate in
Surface Water, Chemical Transport and Fate Within Atmospheric Boundary
Layer, Chemical Transport and Fate Within Subterranean Media
8

SECTION- II

Unit 5
Air – Water Interface :- Exchange of Gases Across Air –Water Interface, Reaeration
of Natural Streams, Exchange of Chemicals Across Air –Water Interface,
Heat Transfer Across Air –Water Interface 7

Unit 6
Water – Soil Interface :– Benthic Deposits, Movement of Chemicals Across
Water - Soil Interface, Movement of Gases Across Water - Soil Interface, Heat
Transfer Across Water - Soil Interface 6

Unit 7
Air – Soil Interface :- Thermal Turbulence Above Air –Soil Interface, Exchange
of Gases Across Air –Soil Interface, Exchange of Chemicals Across Air –Soil
Interface, Heat Transfer Across Air –Soil Interface 7

Term work :

A journal consisting of:
1) Practicals based on above theory.
2) At least one assignment on each unit.

Reference Books

1. Thibodeaux, L.J., "Chermodynamics : Environmental Movement of Chemicals in Air, Water,
and Soil ", John Wiley & Sons,New York, 194.
2. Cussler , E.L. "Diffusion : Mass Transfer in Fluid Systems ", Cambridge University Press,
1994.
3. Trapp, S. and Matthies, M. “Chemodynamics and Environmental Modeling”, Springer, 20,
Berlin, Germany, 1998.
4. Tinsley, I. J. “Chemical Concepts in Pollutant Behavior”; John Wiley and Sons, Inc.,New
York, USA, 1979.
5. Hemond, H. F. and Fechner, E. J. “Chemical Fate and Transport in the
Environment”.Academic Press, San Diego, California, USA, 1994.
6. Schnoor, J. L. “Environmental Modeling - Fate and Transport of Pollutants in Water, Air, and
Soil”. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York USA, 1996.
7. Logan, B. E. “Environmental Transport Processes”, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York,
USA, 1999.
8. Steven C. Chapra, “Surface Water Quality Modelling”, McGraw Hill International Edition
Publication, 1998
9. Noel De Nevers “Air pollution Control Engg.” McGraw Hill International Publication, 1988
10. Peavy S.H., Rowe R. D., Tchobanoglous G., “Environmental Engineering”, McGraw Hill
International Edition, 1985

SE ( Environmental Engg.) Part II

5. ENERGY & ENVIRONMENT

Teaching Scheme: Examination Scheme
Lecture: 3 Hrs/ Week Theory Paper: 100 Marks
Tutorial: 1 Hr/ Week Term Work: 25 Marks

SECTION I

UNIT 1: (2)
Introduction: Energy chains, Energy demand, Energy crises. Worlds
production & consumption of energy resources. Renewable energy
resources, types & potential

UNIT 2: (8)
Solar Energy: Introduction, utilization methods, merits & demerits of
solar energy utilization, potential of solar energy, solar radiation, data for
India, solar thermal collectors, concentrators & reflectors, collector
efficiency, application of solar energy, solar cooker, solar water heating,
solar dryer, solar distillation, solar photovoltaic systems, solar pond.

UNIT 3: (4)
Wind Energy: Introduction, potential & scope, classification & types of
wind machines, application of wind energy, merits & limitations of wind
energy. Site selection for wind farm, wind map of India, wind energy
station in India.

UNIT 4: (3)
Geothermal Energy: Introduction, types of geothermal resources,
potential of geothermal resources in India & world. Environmental
problems in utilization of geothermal resources.

UNIT 5: (3)
Tidal Energy: Tides, tidal range, tidal power, suitably sites & prospects.
Types of tidal power plants, single basin, modulated single basin & double
basin schemes, main equipments, energy storage.

SECTION II

UNIT 6: (3)
Ocean thermal energy conversion: Introduction, principle of OTEC,
open cycle & closed cycle OTEC schemes, potential & prospects in India.

UNIT 7: (5)
Wave Energy: Introduction, power of wave, wave data collection, wave
machines(wave energy converters), forces on wave machines and
associated structures, merits & demerits of wave energy.

UNIT 8: (6)
Biomass Energy Resources: Biomass energy, biomass energy from
cultivated crops & from waste organic matter, biomass conversion
processes, incineration & thermo chemical, biochemical conversion of
biomass, urban solid waste to energy by incineration & from landfill
biogas projects, pyrolysis plants, biogas plants.

UNIT 9: (3)
Hydro Energy: Introduction, India’s Hydro reserves, merits & limitations,
low head , medium head, high head schemes, hydro turbines, economics.

UNIT 10: (3)
Energy Management & planning: Energy management principles,
Energy & pollution trade off, objectives of energy management, energy
strategy & energy planning, Energy audit.

Reference Books:

1. Environmental studies: Benny Joseph
2. Environmental Biology: K. C. Agarwal
3. Environmental Encyclopedia: Cunningham, W. P. Cooper, T. H. Hepworth (Jaico
Pub.)
4. Energy & Ecology : David M.Gates (Sinaur Associates)
5. Non Conventional Energy Sources: G.D.Rai
6. Power Technologies : Stephenson
7. Energy Technology: S.Rao & B.B.Parulekar

S.E. (Environmental Engg.) Part II

6. BUILDING SERVICES

Teaching scheme: Examination
Scheme
Lectures : 3 Hrs. /week Term Work- 50
Marks
Drawing : 2 Hrs./week

Unit 1:
Classification of Buildings- Residential and public buildings, Different types of
Residential buildings – Bungalows, Row houses, Apartments, Complex, Different types
of Public buildings – Institutional, Assembly, Business, Offices, Commercial centers,
Industries, Store houses and Hazardous structures 12

Unit 2:
Building Services- (a) Plumbing systems – Internal Plumbing works and external
plumbing works
(b) Water supply systems (hot and cold)-Selection, quality control and Economics
(c) Rain water Management - Drainage, Collection, water Harvesting and Ground water
Recharging
(d) Drainage & Solid Waste Disposal and Systems
(e) Introduction to Piped gas system
8

Unit 3
Building Services- Electrification – Power requirements of buildings, Open and
Concealed wiring systems, concepts of earthling, Protection Devices, Emergency Power
Supply.
8

Unit 4
Ventilation & Air Conditioning- Methods of Ventilation & Types of Air Conditioning
systems, Heating & cooling system components & installation.
8

Term work (Full Imperial Sheets)

Sheet - 1 Line plans of any two Residential buildings
Sheet – 2 Line plans of any two Public Buildings
Sheet – 3 Plumbing Services – Water supply and Drainage key plan with enlarged
Plan and Section of one Utility Room (Industrial Unit only)
Sheet – 4 Ceiling Plan of Electrification with Plan and Section of any Industrial
Building unit
Site visit to any one of Residential, Commercial, Public, Industrial and Institutional
Building and report on the same.

Reference books:

1. Building construction by B. C. Punamia
2. Planning of Residential Buildings by Nageshwar Rao and Kumarswamy
3. Building Drawing by Shah, Kale and Patki
4. Time savers Standards
5. A to Z of Building Construction by Maruti S.K.
6. Water Supply and Drainage by S.K. Garg
7. Building Drawing by Y.S.Sane
8. National Building Code – SP7 : 2005
9. Plumbing – Design & practice by S.G Deolalikar, TMH publications.


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